Abigail Spanberger

Current Position: US Representative since 2019
Affiliation: Democrat
Candidate: 2020 US Senator

Abigail Spanberger began her career of public service as a federal law enforcement officer working narcotics and money laundering cases with the US Postal Inspection Service. Following her love of country, public service, and languages, Abigail joined the CIA as an Operations Officer.

Abigail took an oath to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic…When she saw partisan politics threatening the country she has worked so hard to protect, she knew it was her time to stand up for the people in the 7th District.

David Brat

David Alan Brat is the dean of the Liberty University School of Business. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the U.S. Representative for Virginia’s 7th congressional district from 2014 to 2019.

Brat came to national prominence when he defeated House Majority Leader Eric Cantor in the district’s 2014 Republican primary. Brat’s primary victory over Cantor made him the first primary challenger to oust a sitting House Majority Leader since the position’s creation in 1899. Brat lost his reelection bid in 2018 to Democrat Abigail Spanberger

Joseph Walton

2018 Libertarian Candidate for the US House – Virginia 7th District

Abigail SpanbergerAbigail Spanberger

Current Position: US Representative since 2019
Affiliation: Democrat
Candidate: 2020 US Senator

Abigail Spanberger began her career of public service as a federal law enforcement officer working narcotics and money laundering cases with the US Postal Inspection Service. Following her love of country, public service, and languages, Abigail joined the CIA as an Operations Officer.

Abigail took an oath to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic…When she saw partisan politics threatening the country she has worked so hard to protect, she knew it was her time to stand up for the people in the 7th District.

Summary

Current Position: US Representative since 2019
Affiliation: Democrat
Candidate: 2020 US Senator

Abigail Spanberger began her career of public service as a federal law enforcement officer working narcotics and money laundering cases with the US Postal Inspection Service. Following her love of country, public service, and languages, Abigail joined the CIA as an Operations Officer.

Abigail took an oath to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic…When she saw partisan politics threatening the country she has worked so hard to protect, she knew it was her time to stand up for the people in the 7th District.

About

Abigail Spanberger 2

Source: Campaign page

Abigail Spanberger has always served her country and community. And now she is running for Congress. Abigail took an oath to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic. That oath didn’t come with an expiration date. When she saw partisan politics threatening the country she has worked so hard to protect, she knew it was her time to stand up for the people in the 7th District.

Abigail began her career of public service as a federal law enforcement officer working narcotics and money laundering cases with the US Postal Inspection Service. Following her love of country, public service, and languages, Abigail joined the CIA as an Operations Officer. She traveled and lived abroad collecting intelligence, managing assets, and overseeing high-profile programs in service to the United States. In 2014, Abigail left government service to begin a career in the private sector and bring her and her family back home to Virginia. Working at EAB – Royall & Company, Abigail helped colleges and universities to create diverse student bodies, increase graduation rates, and break down financial barriers to higher education.

Abigail grew up in Short Pump, in Henrico County. She attended J.R. Tucker High School’s Spanish immersion program, served as a Senate Page for US Senator Chuck Robb (D-VA), and graduated from the University of Virginia. After college, Abigail moved to Germany and earned her MBA from a dual-degree German-American program between the GISMA business school and Purdue University.

Abigail and her husband, Adam, live with their children in Glen Allen.

Experience

Work Experience

  • Federal Agent
    U.S. Postal Inspection Service
  • CIA officer
    Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Education

  • MBA
    Purdue University’s Krannert School and the GISMA Business School in Hanover, Germany
  • BA
    University of Virginia

Personal

Representative Spanberger resides in Glen Allen, Henrico County, Virginia with her husband, Adam, and their three children.

Contact

Email:

Offices

Washington, DC Office
1239 Longworth HOB
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-2815

Glen Allen Office
4201 Dominion Blvd
Suite 110
Glen Allen, VA 23060
Phone: (804) 401-4110

Spotsylvania Office
9104 Courthouse Rd
Room 249
Spotsylvania, VA 22553
Phone: Call (202) 225-2815 for now

Web

Campaign Site, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Government Page, Wikipedia

Politics

Source: Wikipedia

In July 2017, Spanberger announced her candidacy for the United States House of Representatives in Virginia’s 7th congressional district in the 2018 election against Dave Brat. She made the final decision to run in the wake of the House of Representatives’ vote to repeal the Affordable Care Act.

On June 12, 2018, Spanberger defeated Dan Ward in the primary election for the Democratic Party nomination with 73% of the vote, receiving more votes than any other candidate in the Virginia primaries that day.[12] Her campaign out-raised Brat’s campaign. She won the seat by a narrow margin on November 6, defeating Brat by just over 6,600 votes.[4] While Brat won five of the district’s seven counties, Spanberger dominated the two largest counties, Henrico and Chesterfield, by a combined margin of over 30,000 votes; her margin in either county would have been enough individually to give her the victory.

Spanberger’s victory ended a 38-year hold on the district by Republicans; it had previously been numbered as the 3rd District before 1993. Tom Bliley won the seat in 1981 and handed it to future House Majority Leader Eric Cantor in 2001. Cantor held it until Brat upset him in the 2014 primary.

Tenure

Spanberger was sworn into the U.S. House of Representatives for her first term on January 3, 2019. In the election for Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives on the opening day of the 116th United States Congress, Spanberger voted for U.S. Representative Cheri Bustos, an Illinois Democrat, for speaker. Spanberger maintained her campaign promise to support new leadership in the House.

Recent Elections

2018 US Representative

Abigail Spanberger (D)176,07950.34%
Dave A. Brat (R)169,29548.40%
Joseph B. Walton (L)4,2161.21%
Write In (Write-in)2130.06%
TOTAL349,803

Source: Department of Elections

Finances

SPANBERGER, ABIGAIL has run in 1 race for public office, winning 1 of them. The candidate has raised a total of $7,294,690

Source: Follow the Money

Committees

Committees

House Committee on Foreign Affairs
House Agriculture Committee

Subcommittees

Europe, Eurasia, Energy, & the Environment Subcommittee, Vice Chair
Asia, the Pacific, & Nonproliferation Subcommittee
Conservation & Forestry Subcommittee, Chair
Commodity Exchanges, Energy, & Credit Subcommittee

Voting Record

Also see Spanberger government page

See: Vote Smart

Issues

Governance

The United States of America was founded on the principle that our government is of and for the people. We each have the right to engage in the political process, express our opinions and concerns, and vote for the representatives we want to be our voice in Washington. However, across the campaign trail, I have been struck by how often people share the view that Congress is not working for them. People feel that their opinion doesn’t matter, that their needs do not matter, and that ultimately their vote doesn’t matter.

If we are to live up to our principle of being a government of and for the people, we must ensure that voters have faith, not just in those whom they send to Washington, but also in our election process and in our Congress.

To do that, we need greater transparency and accountability in Congress. Voters must know that their elected representatives are focused on serving them, not special interests, not themselves, not anyone, but the voters. I believe that it is the responsibility of candidates and Members of Congress to hold themselves to the highest standards of ethical behavior and accountability, and commit to strengthening our system with reforms that will restore trust, and give voters a stronger voice.

  • Hold regular town halls
  • Release a public schedule
  • Support No Budget, No Pay Act
  • Stop the abuse of taxpayer-funded mail
  • Forgo corporate PAC money
  • Require transparency on social media ads
  • Strengthen disclosure of outside political spending
  • Support a Constitutional amendment to overturn Citizens United
  • End gerrymandering
  • Enact automatic voter registration at age 18

Civil Rights

I believe every person should be treated with dignity and have equal rights under the law. No person in a free and fair society should make less money, be denied government services, pay more for healthcare, lose a job or housing opportunities, or face discrimination in the community or workplace because of their gender, race, creed, national origin, disability, whom they love, or anything else that defines them.

I support protecting women’s access to reproductive healthcare and federal funding to Planned Parenthood and other providers that ensure essential healthcare to women and men. I will work to protect marriage equality and LGBTQ rights.

I also support the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment. I support the rights of individuals with disabilities and will work to preserve the protections afforded under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

We must pursue criminal justice reform. We are five percent of the world’s population, but have 25 percent of the world’s prisoners. We need criminal justice reform to ensure that our justice system is fairly sentencing offenders regardless of race or economic status, and that we’re addressing issues related to addiction in our jails and prisons. I also support bolstering reentry efforts, which reduce recidivism and ensure that those who have paid their debt to society have the knowledge and resources necessary to become employed and engaged community members.

Democracy

Campaign Finance Reform & Gerrymandering

The Citizens United ruling is one of the most destructive decisions ever handed down by the U.S. Supreme Court. It ushered in an era of unchecked and unaccounted for political spending, and our nation has paid a dear price for it. I support campaign finance reform and efforts to reduce the influence of money in politics. I support efforts to bring greater transparency to campaign finance, overturn Citizens United, and block illegal foreign funds from influencing our elections.As we’ve increasingly dealt with the effects of special interests in campaign finance, it’s important that all elected officials take a stand against letting a small group of funders influence our elections.

And because my commitment to campaign finance reform starts now, with my campaign, I will not accept any corporate PAC donations. I am proud that our campaign has earned the support of End Citizens United, a national organization committed to fighting for campaign finance reform.As a Virginian, I’ve seen the negative effects of gerrymandering. We need fairly-drawn, non-partisan districts to ensure the health of our representative democracy.

Economy

Advancements in technology have radically restructured the global economy. While these changes bring many benefits, they have also altered the employment landscape for many Americans. We must take steps to acknowledge and understand how this impacts individuals, salaries, and the economic growth across our country, so that we can plan accordingly and ensure that our workforce training meets the needs of the changing economy.

Our strength as a nation comes from the idea that anyone with a good idea can make it happen — the recent craft brewing renaissance we’ve experienced throughout central Virginia is just one example. This is why I support policies that empower small businesses (the backbone of our economy) to innovate and pursue bold entrepreneurial ventures.I also recognize that, despite living in an era of historic corporate profitability, people are working harder and harder, but their incomes are not keeping up with their expenses. Congress has had more than enough time to reinforce the middle class by prioritizing the people and small businesses that keep our economy strong; I will make them a priority.

I also support organized labor, as unions have historically been a driver of economic stability within America’s middle class. This has been true for my own family, as my grandfather, a member of the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades, was able to raise his four children as a young widower because of the stability his union employment provided. As we see a changing landscape of employment opportunities, union apprenticeship programs remain an invaluable asset as they train the next generation of skilled workers

Education

As a proud graduate of Henrico County Public Schools and as a mother of children who attend public schools, I believe deeply in the value of public education. I will advocate for and work to strengthen our public education system. I support building more skills/career training and apprenticeship programs for Americans whose path to employment does not include a four-year degree. For those who attend two and four-year colleges, we should ensure that they are not saddled with debt when they graduate and enter the workforce. I will be a tireless advocate for our nation’s students from the day they enter school to the day they graduate.
 

Environment

As a kid, I cherished the time I spent outdoors, trekking through the woods or picnicking in parks with my family. As an adult, I know how lucky we are to have Virginia’s mountains, rivers, and beaches. It is our responsibility to protect these resources for our children and generations to come by investing in alternative and renewable energy sources and decreasing air and water pollution. Energy independence is good for the environment and good for the economy — solar energy job growth climbed 65% from 2015-16 in Virginia, making the Commonwealth one of the fastest growing solar job markets in the nation.We must do everything we can to seize this opportunity.

Climate change is real, and we’re already seeing the effects right here in Virginia with rising sea levels, higher average temperatures, and stronger hurricanes. An investment in clean, renewable energy is an investment in our ecosystem, our health, and our economy. These efforts require significant coordination, as well as a shared baseline of facts, and I will stand up to attacks against science

Health Care

I will work to ensure that every person has quality, affordable healthcare. No one should have to choose between putting food on the table and getting the care, medication, or life-saving treatments they need. No one should lose or be denied coverage because of a pre-existing condition, and no one fighting a serious illness should face the fear of lifetime coverage caps. We can improve our healthcare system, while lowering costs, ensuring greater coverage, and achieving better outcomes, but it will take tremendous political will and a commitment to creatively looking at the options.

Assaults against the ACA, such as the removal of the individual mandate, are causing rising premiums and losses of coverage across our district and country. I support measures that would strengthen the framework of the ACA such as reinstating the individual mandate, which mitigates risk, and moving the enrollment deadline to align with tax day. To increase coverage nationwide, I support pursuing universal coverage through a public option, specifically the proposed Medicare-X Choice Act currently before the U.S. Senate.I support Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP and the vital resources they provide to our seniors and most vulnerable citizens and children.

I also support protecting women’s access to reproductive healthcare, including federal funding to Planned Parenthood and other providers that ensure essential healthcare to women and men.

Drugs and Addiction Crisis

Last year, drug overdoses remained the #1 cause of unnatural death in Virginia for the 4th straight year. The opioid crisis is having a serious impact on our communities and our economy, and we need to start thinking of new ways to address the problem. We must stop treating drug addiction as a crime.Substance use disorders are a health issue, and those suffering from them are in dire need of treatment.

We must treat this epidemic by studying the problem and all possible solutions. Adding to our already overcrowded jails and prisons is not the solution, and will not provide those battling addiction with a path to recovery. I support addressing prescribing practices, advocating for recovery programs, and working with law enforcement and our jails to ensure better outcomes

Immigration

The United States was founded as a nation of immigrants, but our current immigration system is broken. Too many politicians use immigration as a political talking point instead of actually trying to solve the problems.

I am committed to finding real, bipartisan solutions to fix our immigration system, and I will work with anyone to create a proposal for immigration reform that ensures border security, takes into account the needs of our workforce, respects our values and history, gives certainty to DACA recipients, and creates an earned pathway to legal status for undocumented immigrants currently living here as long as they abide by the law, work hard, and pay taxes.

As a CIA officer, I worked counter-terrorism and international drug trafficking cases. I understand the security threats we face, and I know we can secure our borders and points of entry without breaking from American values or tearing families apart. I will advocate for border security policies that use cutting edge technology, together with trained officers and physical infrastructure to ensure our nation’s security at our borders and points of entry.As a former federal agent, I oppose any efforts to create safe havens for violent criminals. Our immigration system is broken, and both parties continue to play politics instead of working together to fix the problem

Infrastructure

Technology and the Internet

Access to broadband internet provides economic and educational opportunities, and I support efforts to bring broadband access to everyone here in the 7th and in underserved communities across the country.

I also support net neutrality. Legislation protecting net neutrality is vital to ensuring that the internet remains a conduit for free speech and a free market, and that it’s available to those who rely on the internet to create opportunities or grow their business, whether they’re working from home in Louisa or managing a farm in Culpeper. It is an essential service to small businesses, educators, and everyday citizens alike, and it must become and remain equally accessible to all users.

Safety

Gun Violence Protection

Thousands of Americans die each year due to violence, suicide, or accidents involving firearms, and our lawmakers’ unwillingness to address this problem leaves our citizens and our children vulnerable. I am a former federal law enforcement officer, I used to carry a gun every day, and I support responsible gun ownership, but the ever-increasing number of Americans who die each day requires that we take action.

Addressing gun violence and protecting lives should not be a political issue; it is a public safety issue. I support background checks for all firearm purchases, regardless of where or from whom the purchases are made. States that require background checks for all purchases have fewer suicides by gun, fewer law enforcement officers shot and killed, and fewer women killed by an intimate partner. Ninety four percent of Americans support background checks for all firearms purchases, as well as the Law Enforcement Partnership to Prevent Gun Violence and the Virginia Association of Chiefs of Police.I support common sense gun policy, such as HR 2598, the Gun Violence Restraining Order Act of 2017.

The implementation of Gun Violence Restraining Orders allow family, friends, and law enforcement to help people facing crisis who, with a firearm in their possession, might be a risk to themselves or others. I support ensuring that states have the ability to provide current information to the NICs database to ensure informed background checks, and I support funding the research of gun violence. I also support the proposed HR 5087, the Assault Weapons Ban of 2018.Thoughts and prayers are not enough. Members of Congress must have the courage to address this problem and implement policies that will help keep our children and communities safe.

Social Security

Protecting Social Security and Medicare

For decades, working families have paid into the Social Security and Medicare programs with the understanding that they were paying for retirement security later in life. I oppose any attempts to privatize these systems or to cut benefits. I am committed to ensuring their viability, and I will work to protect Social Security and Medicare so we can meet our obligations to seniors, now and into the future.

Veterans

Unemployment, homelessness, and suicide rates among our nation’s veterans are unacceptably high, and I will work to ensure that we, as a country, make the process of transitioning from active duty to civilian life a positive one for our veterans. I will work to ensure veterans’ continued access to quality healthcare through our VA system, and I will work to strengthen existing efforts to improve our veterans’ transitions to the civilian workforce through credentialing, education, and job training programs.

Marijuana and Hemp Policy

State policies on marijuana have rapidly evolved to reflect both public opinion and scientific data, but the federal government has failed to keep pace. I support Congress removing marijuana from the Controlled Substances Act and allowing states to enact marijuana laws without federal interference. Additionally, I believe we should end the ban on industrial hemp by removing it from the definition of marijuana. This change would allow an agricultural industry that’s already started in the Commonwealth to flourish. Finally, I support allowing the marijuana industry to operate in a normal business environment – that means removing banking barriers to allow legitimate businesses to operate in states that have legalized marijuana for medical and adult-use.
 

Twitter

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David BratDavid Brat

David Alan Brat is the dean of the Liberty University School of Business. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the U.S. Representative for Virginia’s 7th congressional district from 2014 to 2019.

Brat came to national prominence when he defeated House Majority Leader Eric Cantor in the district’s 2014 Republican primary. Brat’s primary victory over Cantor made him the first primary challenger to oust a sitting House Majority Leader since the position’s creation in 1899. Brat lost his reelection bid in 2018 to Democrat Abigail Spanberger

Summary

David Alan Brat is the dean of the Liberty University School of Business. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the U.S. Representative for Virginia’s 7th congressional district from 2014 to 2019.

Brat came to national prominence when he defeated House Majority Leader Eric Cantor in the district’s 2014 Republican primary. Brat’s primary victory over Cantor made him the first primary challenger to oust a sitting House Majority Leader since the position’s creation in 1899. Brat lost his reelection bid in 2018 to Democrat Abigail Spanberger

About

Source: From Candidate site and Wikipedia

Economics and Ethics, Proven Results

Dave Brat promised that he would take his background in economics and ethics to Washington, D.C. and get to work on the big issues that matter most to you and your family.  He has kept that promise.  Now, at the start of his second term in Congress, Dave has put in bills to make D.C. more accountable, balance the budget, protect small business, and expand healthcare options for workers and families.  He has voted to repeal Obamacare in its entirety, defund the President’s illegal executive amnesty, and reduce the tax and regulatory burden so that our economy can grow again.

As the only Ph.D. economist in Congress, Dave Brat is uniquely qualified to tackle the current budget crisis we face in America.   Serving on the House Budget Committee, and as a member of the House Freedom Caucus, Dave has been leading the charge in Congress for a more fiscally responsible budget process.

When Congress is not in session, you are likely to find Congressman Brat on the road to a community event in the district or at a town hall, giving one of his famous Washington Updates.  He often speaks in public defending the Judeo-Christian tradition, the Constitutional rule of law and free markets as the best way to lift all people up from poverty.  Our founders were wise enough to choose the free market system and the result is what is arguably the greatest nation that has ever existed.

American Underdog

Dave Brat threw his hat in the political ring after seeing the corruption and back door deals that plague our system.  Almost everyone said it was impossible to unseat a sitting House Majority Leader.  It had never been done before.  But, Dave put his faith, as well as his trust, in the American people—and the voters responded by putting their faith and trust in Dave.  Dave’s stunning election victory not only shook Washington to its core, it stopped the “Gang of Eight” immigration bill that was only days from passing the House, and put a halt to amnesty legislation in general.

With help from the voters in the 7th Congressional District, Dave proved that character matters and that standing firmly rooted in your principles does pay off, even when you’re the underdog.

Dave’s Background

Growing up in the rural Midwest, Dave learned the value of faith, family, and a strong work ethic at a young age.  After graduating from Hope College in Michigan, Dave worked at the accounting firm Arthur Andersen and then the World Bank before attending Princeton Theological Seminary, where he obtained a Masters of Divinity degree.   Following that, he earned his Ph.D. in economics from American University, while doing some work in graduate school as an economist for the U.S. Army.

In 1996, Dave and his wife, Laura, moved to Henrico County, VA when Dave began teaching economics at Randolph-Macon College.  Not long after, Dave became Chairman of the Economics and Business Department at the college.

Before joining Congress, Dr. Brat served both Republican and Democratic governors on the Joint Advisory Board of Economists, providing critical economic forecasts to help manage the Commonwealth.  His peers elected him as president of the Virginia Association of Economists.  Dave also served on the Virginia Board of Accountancy, the Richmond Metropolitan Authority, The Great Aspirations Scholarship Program, and the investment board overseeing retirement assets for the Virginia Association of Counties.

From Wikipedia

David Alan Brat (/ˈbræt/; born July 27, 1964) is an American economist and member of the United States House of Representatives, serving Virginia’s 7th congressional districtsince 2014. Prior to his election to Congress, Brat was a professor at Randolph–Macon College.

Brat defeated House Majority Leader Eric Cantor in the district’s 2014 Republican primary on June 10, 2014.[1] Brat’s primary victory over Cantor made him the first primary challenger to oust a sitting House Majority Leader since the position’s creation in 1899, and is considered one of the biggest upsets in congressional history.[2] He defeated Democratic nominee Jack Trammell on November 4, 2014.

Early life and education

Brat was born in Detroit, Michigan on July 27, 1964. Brat’s father, Paul, was a Doctor of Internal Medicine; his mother, Nancy, was employed as a social worker in Alma, Michigan, where he was raised.  His family moved from Alma to Minnesota when David, the oldest of three boys, was in junior high. Brat graduated from Park Center Senior High School in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota.

Brat attended Hope College in Michigan and received a B.A. in Business Administration in 1986; he also graduated with a Master’s Degree in Divinity from Princeton Theological Seminary in 1990 and earned a Ph.D. in economics from American University in 1995.

Academic career

After working for Arthur Andersen and as a consultant for the World Bank, Brat joined the faculty of Randolph–Macon College in 1996, where he served as chair of the department of economics, and taught courses including “Britain in the International Economy”, “International Economic Development”, and “Business Ethics”.

From 2010 to 2012 Brat headed Randolph-Macon’s BB&T Moral Foundations of Capitalism program, one of sixty similar programs and chairs in the philosophy and economics departments at United States universities devoted to the study of capitalism and morality, endowed by the BB&T Corporation.

In 2006 Brat was appointed by Virginia governor Tim Kaine to the Governor’s Advisory Board of Economists, a position he continues to hold. He has also served on the board of directors of the Richmond Metropolitan Authority, and on the advisory board of the Virginia Public Access Project.

Web

Wikipedia

Videos

Rep. David Brat: The Tax Bill Might Not Pay For Itself But The Economy Will | CNBC
CNBC
Published on December 19, 2017
By: CNBC

Rep. David Brat (R-Va.) discusses why Americans are skeptical about the tax reform bill.

Political positions

Source: Wikipedia

Conservative Review graded Brat’s voting record an A with a Liberty Score of 100%. Brat was one of two Republican representatives to receive this highest possible grade out of 247 Republicans in the House of Representatives, along with Jim Jordan of Ohio.[73]

Economy

Brat promised to vote against raising the debt ceiling for the first five years while he was in Congress, and attacked Cantor during the primary campaign for voting to end the federal government shutdown of 2013. Brat advocated an end to tax credits, deductions and loopholes, and called for a flatter and more efficient tax code.He opposed TARP, the Troubled Asset Relief Program of 2008, and said that, if elected, he would “vote against bills that benefit big business over small business”. “I’m not against business. I’m against big business in bed with big government”, he said.

Brat supported President Trump’s trade policies, arguing that Americans benefitted from re-negotiating NAFTA and that while tariffs on China would cause short-term harms, they would ultimately lead to “zero tariffs.”

Education

Brat opposed federally driven education policies such as the Common Core curriculum and No Child Left Behind.

Ethics reform

Brat’s decision to enter the Republican primary was driven largely by Cantor’s role in weakening congressional ethics reform. “If you want to find out the smoking gun in this campaign, just go Google and type the STOCK Act and CNN and Eric Cantor”, Brat said.

Healthcare

Brat opposed the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare). In March 2017 he said he opposed the initial version of the American Health Care Act, which was the GOP’s replacement for Obamacare, and that he intended to vote against it in the House Budget Committee. On May 4, 2017, Brat voted to repeal Obamacare and pass the revised version of the American Health Care Act. He said the bill contained protections for preexisting conditions and would lead to lower prices; The Washington Post noted that the bill would have allowed insurers to charge higher premiums for individuals with preexisting conditions, and that an analysis by the Congressional Budget Office estimated that average health care premiums would increase as a result of the bill (more so for older Americans).

During his 2018 reelection campaign Brat falsely claimed that The Washington Post fact-checker had given “four Pinocchios” to his opponent Abigail Spanberger for claims she made about Brat’s position on health care. The Washington Post fact-checker asked Brat to comment on his misrepresentation but did not receive a response.

Foreign policy and defense

Brat called for the National Security Agency to end bulk collection of phone records and stated his support for statutory protections for e-mail privacy. He argued that domestic intelligence activities have “spun out of control”[84] and that “the NSA’s indiscriminate collection of data on all Americans is a disturbing violation of our Fourth Amendment right to privacy.”[85] In an April 21, 2015, interview with radio talk show host Rusty Humphries, Brat claimed that the terrorist group ISIS had set up a base in Texas. “In our country it looks like we have an ISIS center in Texas now…You can’t make up what a terrible problem this is.” After the Texas Department of Public Safety responded that there was no substantiation for the claim, Brat’s office said that he had really meant Mexico, not Texas, citing the conservative group Judicial Watch, which declined to provide any substantiation for its report.[86]

Immigration[

Brat supported President Trump’s 2017 executive order to temporarily curtail immigration from the Muslim-majority nations of Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen until better screening methods are devised. Brat said that “the temporary halt on migration from seven countries will last only a few months until we have solid vetting procedures in place” and that “these seven countries with a temporary travel ban have been identified by both the Obama administration and our intelligence agencies as being the greatest threat to our national security because they have a history of training, harboring, and exporting terrorism.”

In September 2017 Brat said that Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), which provided temporary stay for unauthorized immigrants brought to the United as minors, allowed minors to “bring in their entire extended family once they reach a certain status” and could bring in up to 4 million additional immigrants. PolitiFact disputed Brat’s figure.

Social issues

In 2011 Brat criticized the political right for simultaneously advancing the pursuit of individual liberty while pushing laws restricting abortion, gay rights and gambling, and the political left for simultaneously supporting progressive liberal individualism while coercing others to “fund every social program under the sun”. Brat’s website said he supported “the life of every child, both born and unborn.”

Social Security and Medicare

Brat criticized both major parties’ approach to Medicare and Social Security, stating, “neither side of the aisle will talk about the most important issues because that is going to involve pain.” He advocated “market-based reforms” to these programs,arguing individuals ought not to receive more from programs than they have paid into them.Brat has suggested age- and means-based reform to the eligibility of claimants for mandatory entitlements as a way to avoid insolvency.

Term limits

Brat was a proponent of term limits for members of Congress. He pledged to serve a maximum of 12 years (six terms) in Congress.

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Joseph WaltonJoseph Walton

2018 Libertarian Candidate for the US House – Virginia 7th District

Summary

2018 Libertarian Candidate for the US House – Virginia 7th District

About

Source: Candidate Site

Joe was born and raised in central Virginia and lives in Powhatan, Virginia with his two daughters.

He has been a leader in technology and business administration for over twenty years serving in entrepreneurial, large enterprise, and policy roles.  He also has been active in public and non-profit service in central Virginia for many years, and in various capacities.

Joe previously served in elective office for a term on the County of Powhatan Board of Supervisors from  2008-2011.  He was elected Vice-chair and Chair of the Board during his tenure and was a leader in community and regional initiatives.  His accomplishments for that service can be found HERE and HERE.

Highlights from his prior elected office service on the County of Powhatan Board of Supervisors are:

1.  Creating the Huguenot Trail Advisory Committee Report
2.  Planning and securing funding for the widening of Huguenot Trail east of Route 288
3.  Planning for the well-designed Wal-mart development on Route 60

Joe earned his B. S. in Science, with a minor in Physics from Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU).  He also holds a Master of Public Administration (MPA) graduate degree from the L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at VCU.  He is currently a dissertation-phase doctoral student in the Public Policy and Administration Ph.D. program at the Wilder School.  His doctoral research focuses on cryptocurrency, socio-economic value, social and technical change, and public policy.

He is a Senior Internal Auditor of IT at a large Virginia university.  He enjoys golf, yoga, and Virginia wine.

Web

Campaign Site, Twitter

Policy Positions

Source: Campaign site

My political philosophy is limiting government’s size and scope while maximizing personal freedoms.  It is my approach to public policy as well.

It is difficult to balance these two ideals because government is a necessary part of civic life in many areas in order to preserve personal freedoms, rights, and permit economic and social mobility.

Furthermore, with new societal and economic realities, there are clear areas where public policy is the only recourse for long-term civic prosperity.

An American government which ‘governs best, governs least’ and is responsive to all Americans.  Concurrently, an American government which is responsive to all Americans ‘governs best, governs least.’

Here are my positions on major public policy issues, many with links to ideal policy prescriptions for them.

  • Constituent Services
    • For many citizens, the only and most significant person they deal with in the federal government is the representative from their district.
    • I will maintain a professional office, professional staff, and respond to constituent issues timely and thoroughly.
    • I will hold regular constituent meetings throughout the district.
  • Defense and Security
    • America should have strong national defenses which judiciously protect our interests and allies around the world and which support an America as a welcoming force for good at home and abroad.
    • “Prudence and Restraint”
  • Foreign Relations
    • America should have strong national defenses which judiciously protect our interests and allies around the world and which support an America as a welcoming force for good at home and abroad.
    • “Prudence and Restraint”
  • The Economy
    • Markets and capitalism are cornerstones of a successful economy and there are many ways to define capitalism.
    • America’s economy is a large and important part of society and it works in conjunction with its citizens to create a country worth defending and worth welcoming to others.
    • America should be a leader in developing and demonstrating new economic, fiscal, and monetary policies which support a growing and diverse federal system of government.
    • I will advocate and work to create economic policies which support entrepreneurial and economic mobility for all Americans amidst rapid changes in society and technology.
    • CORE Economics
  • Taxes
    • Current events:
      • I did not support the 2017 tax plan which makes the debt and deficit even worse than they were.  There is no responsible projection which indicates the 2017 plan will pay for itself nor be an economic net gain.
      • I do not support the recent tariffs proposed by President Trump; leading on free trade and globalization are essential for America to stay relevant, economically influential, and safe in the world.
    • Taxes should be low, fair, and equitable.
    • The debt and deficit are unsustainable.
      • With regard to the deficit, a ten-year balanced budget is imperative to maintain a thriving economy through decades of business cycles.
      • The debt (particularly because much is foreign held) should be paid down; its utility as a foreign policy tool has abated.
    • The federal government must reduce spending and shift tax revenue streams to match a modern economy, the only way to do that is with a Valued Added Tax (VAT) structure.
    • Corporate welfare and fiscal and monetary policy which favor the financial sector over the rest of the economy is not a sustainable long-term economic strategy for America.
    • The U.S. financial services sector is approaching 20% of GDP.  That is too much ‘administrative overhead’ for our economy and an economic drag on expansion and employment for more sustainable economic sectors.
    • To encourage and grow a modern economy, the federal government should shift to more usage and consumption-based tax systems.  The federal government should rely less on antiquated payroll and income taxes.  The only way to do these things is with a Valued Added Tax structure.
    • The growing impact of technology and economic mobility will require taxes to be applied more intelligently than via the payroll process.
    • It is inconceivable that in the future the payroll process is how the federal government is funded.
    • America should invest in new economic, fiscal, and monetary models befitting a technologically advanced, global economic leader.
    • Did I mention a Valued Added Tax structure already?  We need one!
  • Education
    • Universal Broadband is critical for education
      • I support aggressive public-private partnership for getting backbone and last mile broadband across the district, state, and country.
      • I support Net Neutrality.
    • Primary and Secondary
      • 21st Century understandings about education and human growth and diversity require federal educational standards to be flexible for a large federal system of states to effectively educate their children.
      • The federal government should expect states to take seriously their responsibility to effectively educate their children.
      • The U.S. Department of Defense has recognized the educational outcomes of the current systems throughout the country as a growing national defense security crisis.
      • States should be able to experiment with educational techniques and modalities to educate the next generation of citizens and leaders.
      • Joe supports early childhood education and specifically would seek legislation to fund universal Pre-K by allowing families to opt-in to a vocational 12th grade and use the per-pupil future funding of that year to be applied to Pre-K
    • Post-Secondary
      • Higher education is important and so too is technical education.  Federal and state educational policies should encourage multiple post-secondary educational paths for the benefit of the students, our communities, and economy.
      • Student loan debt is a growing national problem which should be dealt with by the federal government in innovative ways.  This could include community and public sector roles after graduation which earn loan debt reduction.
      • The cost of higher education is outstripping even healthcare in annual increases.  This is unsustainable.  Without intervention, graduates, particularly advanced degree holders, will never be able to earn enough to pay the loans.  This is a burden on the college degree-seeker and a significant drag on the economy.
  • Environmental Justice
    • Atlantic Coast Pipeline & Mountain Valley Pipeline: I support a *rigorous* legal and scientific permitting process to hold these construction projects accountable for their current and long-term impacts to Virginia. We cannot ‘revoke’ for political reasons a regulatory action but we can and should make sure the process and permitting is given and adheres to due process.
    • I support a narrowly and judiciously applied Eminent Domain process – invoking all environmental stakeholder – for direct, truly public benefit projects (i.e., roads, not a parking deck for a mall).
    • I do not support oil drilling off the cost of Virginia.
    • I’d offer qualified support for wind energy generation off the cost of Virginia with a rigorous environmental stakeholder review.
    • I believe solar is the long-term solution to our energy needs and American science and public policy need to lead the way for the world.
    • We need to economize and recycle all pollutants including trash and refuse!  We need to Cap and Trade our way to a cleaner society and environment.
  • Transportation and Interior
    • I will advocate and work to create responsible domestic policies which serve to create a country that effectively and sustainably uses its resources to maintain public services and infrastructure equitably for Virginia and for all Americans.
    • With regard for natural resources, I support the Theodore ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt public lands paradigm.
    • Roads and bridges are crumbling and have declining funding streams.  New public-private collaborative planning for repair and replacement is needed which takes into consideration current and future transportation needs.  Theses need are radically different than decades ago and will undergo new changes with modern technology and economic behaviors.
    •  Agriculture
  • Healthcare
    • America has a responsibility as a country to create an economy in which health care and health insurance is affordable and available regardless of employer.
    • Health care and/or insurance linked to employment is a disservice to Americans and an economic inefficiency.  Healthy citizens create a better society and are better, more competitive workers.
    • Workers able to excel at their chosen line of work (not just a job of convenience merely for health insurance) rather than worry about getting or losing health care and health insurance would be an economic boon to the public and private sector.
    • American health care should be among the best outcome/least expensive systems in the world.  America is currently among the worst outcome and most expensive in the world.
    • Improve the Affordable Care Act
      • Alexander/Murray Bipartisan Health Care Stabilization Act 2017
      • Virginia should accept the finality of the Affordable Care Act on behalf of the people of the Commonwealth and the health care and insurance providers
      • Stop wasting resources on resisting Medicaid expansion (which has occurred as of May, 2018) and move on to improving its administration and effectiveness
      • Other improvements towards a more efficient and effective health care and insurance marketplace as they may be identified by outcome-improvement-focused experts
    • Vaccinations – I support the science of epidemiology and medical and health professionals’ indications about what constitutes necessary vaccination regimes. For the vast majority of the population, vaccines are a safe and effective public health need. For some individuals with extenuating medical needs, mandatory vaccines would be harmful and for such cases medical waivers should be available.
  • Criminal Justice
    • Criminal Justice Reform
    • War on Drugs
    • Marijuana Decriminalization and Legalization
      • Multitudes of U.S. states and countries are models for this
    • Hemp
      • Hemp should be fully legalized.  It is absurd that hemp was ever outlawed.
    • Opioid Epidemic
      • Marijuana decriminalization and legalization have started to show positive results for reducing opioid abuse issues.
      • The flow of opioids should be stemmed – doctors and manufacturers.
      • The needs of opioid abusers should be met with improved social services and wrap-around care from the communities in which they reside.
      • Multitudes of U.S. states have bipartisan models for this; notably, this epidemic is particularly bad only in the United States.
    • Police Militarization
  • Societal Issues
    • Societal policies which fully support socio-economic realities and are equitably administered for all Americans
      • Advocating, defending, protecting, and, if needed, legislating for:
        • I absolutely support anti-discrimination measures to protect free-thinking people of good conscience in general. Gender issues are like race issues and there should be no equivocating on the part of the government to protect people.
        • Marriage and/or civil unions at the discretion of two consenting adults
        • Non-discrimination with regard to race, creed, color, national origin, religious beliefs, non-religious beliefs, sex, gender, and sexual orientation
        • Gender spectrum identification, gender equality, and gender neutrality
        • “Bathroom Bills” – The way these bathroom bills get written and targeted – and the situations to which they apply – are all different and nuanced but whatever position is anti-discriminatory for LGBTQQIA+ and transgender is what I support and for what I would advocate – including support for ways to preclude discrimination, like individual bathrooms, etc.
        • In general, matters of good conscience which do not infringe on others’ matters of good conscience is what I support and for what I advocate.
      • I am pro-choice on abortion.
      • Congressional sexual harassment and gender violence training and reporting structures which reflect enlightened understandings of the phenomena
    • Medicare and Social Security
      • These are obligations but heading to insolvency.  They are headed to a catastrophic crash if nothing is done.
      • They should be protected for more mature participants – it is unacceptable to do anything other than fully honor the obligation of these programs for older participants.
      • Medicare and Social Security should be phase-adjusted for younger participants.  Younger generations’ health, wealth and welfare are fundamentally better than decades ago when the programs were started.
      • Modern actuarial tables, health, population, and birthrate projections are essential to improving the solvency of the programs.
      • The Social Security earnings cap should be evaluated for restoring solvency.
    • 2nd Amendment
      • Respect the 2nd Amendment and ensure responsible gun ownership
        • Responsible gun owners are not a problem for society
        • Irresponsible people should not be gun owners
        • A strong background check system is the only way to make a difference
      • I do not support arming teachers; I support school resource officers, improved school security, and improved social services and wrap-around care from communities.
      • I do not support ‘bump stocks,’ they are tantamount to machine guns but less accurate.
      • There is wide jurisprudence for regulating the time, place, and manner of Constitutional Rights and other behavior.
        • Americans are subject to limits on free speech.
        • Americans are subjected to extensive checks for over-the-counter medicines, prescription drugs, boarding a plane, driving a car, buying certain chemicals – all under the auspices of saving lives.
        • Protecting fellow Americans – and especially young children in school – with an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure; the ounce of prevention saves lives, the pound of cure costs lives before it takes effect.
      • Redistricting Reform
      • Immigration
      • Technology Freedom
        • Net Neutrality – I fully support net neutrality, corporations should not be able to selectively provide – for more or less cost – the internet to users.
        • Universal Broadband – I support aggressive public-private partnership for getting backbone and last mile broadband across the district, state, and country.  The federal government has a responsibility to foster community and private sector deployment of broadband access for backbone and last mile.
        • Cato Institute
      • Work towards more than two hegemonic political parties in Virginia and the United States
        • Many ways to define democracy
        • Ballot access
        • Proportional representation
        • Instant run-off
        • Campaign contributions could be taxed (this would be within the limits of the Buckley Divide)
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