Author Tutorials

OnAir posts can be authored by any Hub member. Hub editors designate Hub members as a co-author/curator of a post which gives the curator the ability to Add a Top News item; Make edits to a post; Record and convey member feedback; Moderate a post’s forum; and Conduct online interviews.

To curate a post, authors log into a Hub with their username and password and either select “Curate my posts” under the “Author” button or go to a specific post they are co-authoring and select the pencil icon located at the top of the post sidebar above the table of contents. See Terms of Service for curation guidelines.

US onAir Network

Democracy onAir, the Virginia chartered nonpartisan nonprofit sponsoring this pilot Virginia onAir Hub, has launched the US onAir network of 50 state Hubs focused on elections and governance. The Virginia onAir Hub has been our pilot that we used to design and implement the other 49 state Hubs. Below is a link to the central United States onAir Hub which is being managed and curated by DC area college students.

US onAir Network:  us.onair.cc

Any US resident can become a member of the US onAir Hub and any other state Hub by selecting the “Join” button at the upper right of each Hub. It’s free.  Hub membership will enable you to participate in forum discussions about your elected representatives and candidates running for office, ask them questions and make suggestions, and give endorsements.

We look forward to continue development of this Virginia onAir Hub. We would like to express our appreciation to all those students, politicians, and Virginia residents who supported the development of this pilot state Hub with a special shoutout to Virginia Delegate David Bulova and GMU professors Jennifer Victor, Lourdes Fernandez, and Dieter Pfoser.

Engage in Your Democracy- nonprofits

Virginia onAir is US onAir’s model of a curated state Hub. Over the past two years, George Mason University alumni, faculty, students, and staff through their GMU onAir chapter have led the development and testing of this Hub.

Major Projects:

Contact: Kerrie Thompson, Outreach Director

Active citizen participation is an integral part of a functioning representative democracy. Members of the General Assembly want and need citizen input when crafting laws. As a citizen of the Commonwealth of Virginia, it is your right to voice your opinion regarding pending legislation. There are many ways in which citizens can communicate with their legislator; phone calls, letters, email, or through visits to their legislative offices.

Major Projects:

The Democracy Squad is a virtual organizing space for George Mason University students, staff, faculty, and alumni, to promote positive civic engagement on campus. Organized by Professor Jennifer Victor, Democracy Squad participants commit to building a positive campus environment that promotes democracy. Democracy Squad is administered through Magnify, a social networking tool designed to help people solve collective action problems.

Jennifer Victor, Organizer
Email: jvictor@gmu.edu
Websitemagnifyyourvoice.com/organization/democracysquad

Major Projects:

We are a nonpartisan political organization that encourages informed and active participation of citizens in government. We work to increase understanding of major public policy issues, and we influence public policy through education and advocacy.

Anu Sahai & Nancy Roodberg, Co-Presidents
Email: Contact form
Websitelwv-fairfax.org/

Major Projects:

Become an onAir Member

All that is required to be a Democracy onAir member is your first and last name, an email address, and your zip code.

Your real name and any other profile information will NOT be displayed unless you choose to do so. Your personal information is NOT shared with any other website or organization.

Become an Intern

Democracy onAir welcomes any US citizen to apply for an internship. We require a minimum commitment of 6 hours per week.

We have a special interest in working with undergraduate students majoring in government, communications, media, or a related field with a passion to improve democracy in the US.  Students (and other US citizens) who want to intern with Democracy onAir this fall can submit their resume with an introductory email articulating why you are interested in being a Democracy onAir intern and include a link, if appropriate, to your relevant academic program (internship, capstone project, research project etc.) to: internships@onair.cc. 

Become a Donor

If you are interested in creating a more trusted source of political information and more civil political discussions, donate to Democracy onAir.

Donations can made by any individual or foundation that wishes to support the mission of Democracy onAir. Donors can choose to support the entire organization or state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. Donations, at the donor’s request, can be displayed on the appropriate Hub with links to social networks and/or websites.. Anonymous donations are accepted as long as they are verified as US residents or US-based foundations with no foreign affiliations.

Democracy onAir was chartered in Virginia in 2018 and has obtained 510(c)(3) status. Checks or wire transfers are made out to Democracy onAir. All donations are tax deductible.

Become a Sponsor

Sponsors can choose to support the entire organization or state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. We are particularly interested in sponsoring organizations that seek to support student civic engagement, democratic and civil discourse, and the intersection of technology and government. Foreign owned or affiliated organizations are not permitted to be sponsors of any US onAir Hub.

Hub sponsors will be displayed throughout an onAir Hub and its posts. Hub sponsors can have links to their websites, videos, or request a customized post in the Hub containing information and media of their choice.

For further information about sponsoring, contact scott.joy@onair.cc.

Become an Advocate

Advocates of various issues important to US residents will have an opportunity to contribute position papers, reviews, videos, and other types of content related to an issue. As premium members, they will be able to:

  • author new posts on issues
  • co-author existing posts on issues
  • contribute to curated overview posts on issues

Advocates can sign up through an existing organization or individually. Until our beta testing is completed, advocate memberships are currently only available upon request without charge.

Send requests to: Jessler Elvira at jessler.elvira@onair.cc

 

Terms of Use

All content in this site is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes

Hub members must be a US resident and/or US Citizen and be 13 years or older.

Privacy Policy

Simply visiting this Hub does not expose your identity publicly. When you submit to the your email addresses, phone numbers, and addresses for any purpose, that data will only be used by Democracy onAir, the non-profit organization that hosts the USA onAir Hubs. Democracy onAir will not sell your information.

You also can, at any time, request that your information be removed from the USA onAir system. Such requests will be honored within one business day.

Except where otherwise specified, all text added to the Hub is available for reuse under the Democracy onAir Terms of Use.  This privacy policy was significantly helped by consulting the Wikimedia Foundation Privacy Policy.

Creative Commons License

All content in this Hub is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes.

Curator TutorialsAuthor Tutorials

OnAir posts can be authored by any Hub member. Hub editors designate Hub members as a co-author/curator of a post which gives the curator the ability to Add a Top News item; Make edits to a post; Record and convey member feedback; Moderate a post’s forum; and Conduct online interviews.

To curate a post, authors log into a Hub with their username and password and either select “Curate my posts” under the “Author” button or go to a specific post they are co-authoring and select the pencil icon located at the top of the post sidebar above the table of contents. See Terms of Service for curation guidelines.

Summary

OnAir posts can be authored by any Hub member. Hub editors designate Hub members as a co-author/curator of a post which gives the curator the ability to Add a Top News item; Make edits to a post; Record and convey member feedback; Moderate a post’s forum; and Conduct online interviews.

To curate a post, authors log into a Hub with their username and password and either select “Curate my posts” under the “Author” button or go to a specific post they are co-authoring and select the pencil icon located at the top of the post sidebar above the table of contents. See Terms of Service for curation guidelines.

Adding Top News Items

1. To add a Top News item to a post, authors (after logging in), click on the “Top News” button in the left column.

2. To determine where to place the item, hover over the far right area of the post until you see the plus icon that says “Add item”.

Curator tutorials

 

 

 

3. After selecting “Add items”, a set of entry fields will appear

Curator tutorials 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Select the item type (e.g. video or article) you want to add from the drop down….

Curator tutorials 3

 

 

 

 

Curators can also add OnAir videos of recorded online events such as debates, town halls and forums. Your Hub editor will assist you and other US onAir members with the scheduling, promotion, production and editing of these events.

4. All item types require at minimum a “Title” and a “Source URL” (web link) to the item.

5. For videos that use a YouTube or Vimeo player, insert the link (source URL) at the top of the video. For other “shareable” videos, have the post’s editor add the video. When adding a video, it is recommended that curators add the source date and length of video.

6. When adding an article, in addition to the above actions, you must add some content e.g. a subtitle and two to three paragraphs from the article.

Possible sources for Top News items

  •  PBS News Hour … Local PBS station e.g. VPM
  • Google search … Google News
  • Twitter feeds
  • Government and campaign websites
  • Local online papers (no subscription required) … e.g. States Newrooms like Virginia Mercury and MD Watch

How to make post edits

To make minor edits to a post, select the heading with the content you want to edit. Editing is very similar to editing a word document. To add formatted text, select the “W’ icon and paste in your content.

If you have any questions or want to make edits not discussed above,  please contact your Hub editor.

How to respond to Hub feedback

Any Hub member can submit to the post curator a question (and suggest additions and edits to the post).  The curator, if he or she deems that the content of the feedback meets the onAir curation guidelines, can insert the question into a post as well as convey questions to the politician or subject matter expert referenced in a post.

For politician posts, Hub members can also, if appropriate, send the curator an “endorsement” to be placed in the post.

To add an endorsement, select the “Add Q&A” button in the lower right corner then fill in the fields.

Curator Tutorials 1

How to moderate a forum

All posts have  “Open Discussion” as the default forum topic. Curators can add additional topics by selecting “Forum” button in the left column and giving their new topic a title with optional description.

Curators can also add cross-site topics.

Curator Tutorials 2

How to conduct an online interview

Curators can conduct online video interviews of politicians and include the videos as Top News items as well as insert into other sections of a post. Politicians will have approx. one minute or less to answer questions.

US onAir Editors will assist curators with these interviews by:

  1. Supporting the scheduling and recording of an interview through our Google Meet enterprise account (no limit on time and ability to livestream to 100,000 viewers)
  2. Providing a list of standard general and issue focused questions that all candidates and representatives will be asked
  3. Editing interviews into one minute segments for insertion into their About and Issues sections of the post

Below are some standard questions we like to ask all interviewees in addition to issue-related questions

  1. Why did you get involved in politics?
  2. What is your most significant accomplishment?
  3. What is the most important new legislation you want to support?
  4. How can the public get more engaged in and impact our democracy?
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USA onAir NetworkUS onAir Network

Democracy onAir, the Virginia chartered nonpartisan nonprofit sponsoring this pilot Virginia onAir Hub, has launched the US onAir network of 50 state Hubs focused on elections and governance. The Virginia onAir Hub has been our pilot that we used to design and implement the other 49 state Hubs. Below is a link to the central United States onAir Hub which is being managed and curated by DC area college students.

US onAir Network:  us.onair.cc

Any US resident can become a member of the US onAir Hub and any other state Hub by selecting the “Join” button at the upper right of each Hub. It’s free.  Hub membership will enable you to participate in forum discussions about your elected representatives and candidates running for office, ask them questions and make suggestions, and give endorsements.

We look forward to continue development of this Virginia onAir Hub. We would like to express our appreciation to all those students, politicians, and Virginia residents who supported the development of this pilot state Hub with a special shoutout to Virginia Delegate David Bulova and GMU professors Jennifer Victor, Lourdes Fernandez, and Dieter Pfoser.

Summary

Democracy onAir, the Virginia chartered nonpartisan nonprofit sponsoring this pilot Virginia onAir Hub, has launched the US onAir network of 50 state Hubs focused on elections and governance. The Virginia onAir Hub has been our pilot that we used to design and implement the other 49 state Hubs. Below is a link to the central United States onAir Hub which is being managed and curated by DC area college students.

US onAir Network:  us.onair.cc

Any US resident can become a member of the US onAir Hub and any other state Hub by selecting the “Join” button at the upper right of each Hub. It’s free.  Hub membership will enable you to participate in forum discussions about your elected representatives and candidates running for office, ask them questions and make suggestions, and give endorsements.

We look forward to continue development of this Virginia onAir Hub. We would like to express our appreciation to all those students, politicians, and Virginia residents who supported the development of this pilot state Hub with a special shoutout to Virginia Delegate David Bulova and GMU professors Jennifer Victor, Lourdes Fernandez, and Dieter Pfoser.

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Engage in Your Democracy- nonprofitsEngage in Your Democracy- nonprofits

Virginia onAir is US onAir’s model of a curated state Hub. Over the past two years, George Mason University alumni, faculty, students, and staff through their GMU onAir chapter have led the development and testing of this Hub.

Major Projects:

Contact: Kerrie Thompson, Outreach Director

Active citizen participation is an integral part of a functioning representative democracy. Members of the General Assembly want and need citizen input when crafting laws. As a citizen of the Commonwealth of Virginia, it is your right to voice your opinion regarding pending legislation. There are many ways in which citizens can communicate with their legislator; phone calls, letters, email, or through visits to their legislative offices.

Major Projects:

The Democracy Squad is a virtual organizing space for George Mason University students, staff, faculty, and alumni, to promote positive civic engagement on campus. Organized by Professor Jennifer Victor, Democracy Squad participants commit to building a positive campus environment that promotes democracy. Democracy Squad is administered through Magnify, a social networking tool designed to help people solve collective action problems.

Jennifer Victor, Organizer
Email: jvictor@gmu.edu
Websitemagnifyyourvoice.com/organization/democracysquad

Major Projects:

We are a nonpartisan political organization that encourages informed and active participation of citizens in government. We work to increase understanding of major public policy issues, and we influence public policy through education and advocacy.

Anu Sahai & Nancy Roodberg, Co-Presidents
Email: Contact form
Websitelwv-fairfax.org/

Major Projects:

Top News

Virginia onAir is US onAir’s model of a curated state Hub. Over the past two years, George Mason University alumni, faculty, students, and staff through their GMU onAir chapter have led the development and testing of this Hub.

Major Projects:

Contact: Kerrie Thompson, Outreach Director

Active citizen participation is an integral part of a functioning representative democracy. Members of the General Assembly want and need citizen input when crafting laws. As a citizen of the Commonwealth of Virginia, it is your right to voice your opinion regarding pending legislation. There are many ways in which citizens can communicate with their legislator; phone calls, letters, email, or through visits to their legislative offices.

Major Projects:

The Democracy Squad is a virtual organizing space for George Mason University students, staff, faculty, and alumni, to promote positive civic engagement on campus. Organized by Professor Jennifer Victor, Democracy Squad participants commit to building a positive campus environment that promotes democracy. Democracy Squad is administered through Magnify, a social networking tool designed to help people solve collective action problems.

Jennifer Victor, Organizer
Email: jvictor@gmu.edu
Websitemagnifyyourvoice.com/organization/democracysquad

Major Projects:

We are a nonpartisan political organization that encourages informed and active participation of citizens in government. We work to increase understanding of major public policy issues, and we influence public policy through education and advocacy.

Anu Sahai & Nancy Roodberg, Co-Presidents
Email: Contact form
Websitelwv-fairfax.org/

Major Projects:

Virginia onAir

There are many ways to engage with Virginia onAir. All that is required for most projects is to become an onAir member with your first name and last name, email address, and zip code. It’s free to join!

OnAir members will be able to participate in discussions in both livestreamed, online Zoom meetings which we call aircasts as well as engage in projects as onAir Curators. Elected politicians, candidates, and nonpartisan organizations will also be able to host aircasts supported by onAir Producers and Curators as well as co-curate their Virginia onAir posts.

Some of the ways you can engage with Virginia onAir are listed below. For more information, see posts in the “Engage” drop down menu in this Hub’s header.

Read and Discuss

Read about who represents you and Discuss.

Make a suggestion. Ask a question. Add a forum comment. Give your endorsement.

You can find your representative by going to va.onair.cc and select the “VA Representatives” billboard and the “Who Represents Me” choice. Type in your street address, city and state.

To learn more your delegate, select the three dots next to the post’s title and navigate the tabs. To view all the content at one time, select the feature image or the post’s title.

To add to a discussion, login and select the speech balloon.

Moderate Discussions

Moderate the discussions in a committee post

Help insure that Virginia onAir comments on committee posts meet our moderation guidelines.

Moderators will become co-authors of a committee post and will have reserved seats to any aircast related to the post(s) they are moderating.

Moderators can also assist with curation of a post’s content collaborating with other their co-authors and interested viewers.

Watch an Aircast

Watch and Participate in Aircast Forums on issues

Learn about issues important to you & ask the politicians and experts questions.

Aircasts are Zoom meetings with featured guests and audience participation that are livestreamed to the public. Aircasts are recorded and archived in onAir Hubs and YouTube channels and shareable on social media and websites

To be part of an audience during an aircast, contact the aircast’s Host.

Curate an Aircast

Curate aircasts w/ your representatives.

As an onAir Curator, you coordinate and introduce aircasts on representatives you want to support. 

You will curate aircasts that feature   Virginia representatives. Slide presentations and short videos can be part of an aircast to introduce the representatives. The representatives will decide on who can participate in the aircast’s Zoom audience.

You may consider using slides or a short video to share information with attendees.

Aircasts are also conducted with the support of aircast producers who manage all the technical aspects of the aircast. Contact Shuaib.Ahmed@onair.cc to become an aircast producer.

Intern with VA onAir

Democracy onAir welcomes any US citizen to apply for an internship. We require a minimum commitment of 6 hours per week.

We have a special interest in working with undergraduate students majoring in government, communications, media, or a related field with a passion to improve democracy in the US.  Students (and other US citizens) who want to intern with Democracy onAir this fall can submit their resume with an introductory email articulating why you are interested in being a Democracy onAir intern and include a link, if appropriate, to your relevant academic program (internship, capstone project, research project etc.) to: internships@onair.cc. 

To learn more about interning, go to this post.

Become a VA onAir Donor

If you are interested in creating a more trusted source of political information and more civil political discussions, donate to Democracy onAir.

Donations can made by any individual or foundation that wishes to support the mission of Democracy onAir. Donors can choose to support the entire organization or state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. Donations, at the donor’s request, can be displayed on the appropriate Hub with links to social networks and/or websites.. Anonymous donations are accepted as long as they are verified as US residents or US-based foundations with no foreign affiliations.

Democracy onAir was chartered in Virginia in 2018 and has obtained 510(c)(3) status. Checks or wire transfers are made out to Democracy onAir. All donations are tax deductible.

Become a VA onAir Sponsor

Sponsors can choose to support the US onAir Network or as specific state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. We are particularly interested in sponsoring organizations that seek to support student civic engagement, democratic and civil discourse, and the intersection of technology and government. Foreign owned or affiliated organizations are not permitted to be sponsors of any US onAir Hub.

Hub sponsors will be displayed throughout an onAir Hub and its posts. Hub sponsors will have the option to create their own US onAir post or sponsors can have links to their websites or video.

For further information about sponsoring, contact scott.joy@onair.cc.

Fairfax League of Women Voters

We are a nonpartisan political organization that encourages informed and active participation of citizens in government. We work to increase understanding of major public policy issues, and we influence public policy through education and advocacy.

  • We discuss and study issues of local, national, state and regional concern. We inform ourselves, legislators, and the general public about the results of our research.

  • We monitor elections and government activities.

  • We sponsor candidate debates and community forums about vital issues.

  • We testify at legislative and administrative hearings to insure citizen input in policy making decisions.

  • We publish and distribute issue-oriented material.

  • We advocate, occasionally go to court to help clarify and enforce laws in the public interest.

  • We produce and distribute Voters’ Guides to help citizens to choose a candidate and to be prepared to vote on ballot questions.

  • We get INVOLVED!

We Never Support Nor Oppose Candidates For Office. We Never Support Political Parties. Any Use Of The League Of Women Voters Name In Campaign Advertising Or Literature Has Not Been Authorized By The League

Monthly calendar of events
Action Alerts

Anu Sahai & Nancy Roodberg, Co-Presidents
Email: Contact form
Websitelwv-fairfax.org/

Voting Registration Drives

Upcoming Voter Registration Drives

Drives During The Pandemic

Volunteers the Farmer’s Markets, Food Drives and more. Have an idea or question? Write to Bob Meredith.

We have completed our voter registration drives for the fall of 2020. See you in 2021!

Registering Voters Requires Official Training.

The Virginia Department of Elections requires online Voter Registration training to be renewed each year after July 1st. 

https://www.elections.virginia.gov/registration/registration-drives/voter-registration-training-video/

 1. Watch the online training video (Updated 7/1/20). Certification expires on June 30th each year. Online training must be retaken annually after July 1st.

2. Once you have watched the ELECT certified training video, submit the voter registration application request and affidavit.

Interested In Organizing A Voter Registration Drive Or Have Questions About Volunteering?

The League of Women Voters of the Fairfax Area seeks volunteers to register voters at various locations across the county.

For any voter registration question, contact Bob Meredith, our Voter Registration Chair.

Serve as an Election Officer

Election Officers Needed!

The Fairfax County Office of Elections is currently recruiting voters to serve as Election Officers a few days a year. To learn more, go to http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/elections/working.htm

In order to be an Election Officer, you must:

  • Be fluent in English

  • Be a registered voter in the Commonwealth of Virginia

  • Be able to fulfill the Federal I-9 employment eligibility requirements

  • Attend a 3-hour training class

  • Arrive at the polling place at 5:00 am and remain until all work has been completed after the polls close at 7pm

  • Have basic computer skills

The Election Officer’s main priority is to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the election process. A typical Election Day consists of:

  • arriving one hour before polls open to set up voting equipment

  • hanging up pertinent signage

  • preparing the polling room for voting

  • processing voters throughout the day

  • assisting with operating voting equipment

  • securing voting equipment and closing down the polling place at the end of the day

Election Officers are offered a stipend of $175 for serving a full day.

We especially encourage bilingual citizens to serve as we need language assistance in many precincts. Residency in Fairfax County is not required.

It is a wonderful opportunity for those interested in the election process or public service, and we need civic-minded individuals to help make Election Day a success!

To apply, call the office at (703) 324-4735. You can also email elect@fairfaxcounty.gov or visit the Fairfax County Office of Elections for more information.

Webpage

Condo and Community Center Elections

If you are interested in having the League come to facilitate your condo or community center elections, contact our co-presidents, Anu Sahai and Nancy Roodberg.

Condo and Community Center Elections are one of the League’s biggest fundraisers.  If you are interested in volunteering to help out, please see the election calendar below for individual elections.

Webpage

Join the League’s National Lobby Corps!

Join the League’s National Lobby Corps!

Do you love to learn about national public policy? Now’s your chance to serve our country and get a deep dive about what’s happening in Washington, D.C. Become a national League volunteer lobbyist! Learn more about the issues impacting our country and help the League bring bills to U.S. Senators and U.S. Representatives. You can bring education to the offices at the capital!

How can you join? Print and fill out the application. Then scan, mail, and/or take a picture of your application. Email scans and pictures of completed applications to the national chair of the Lobby Corps: Jackie Coolidge — jcoolidge@schoolbench.com.

Lobby Corps Application

Opportunities for High School students

We have many opportunities for high school students to volunteer and engage in voter registration activities.  Webpage

Student Volunteer

Interested in volunteering with us? Great! Please write to HSVolunteers@lwv-fairfax.org.

For the March 3rd Presidential Primary, you could create social media.

FCPS Interns

For more about the internship program, write to Beth Tudan, director@lwv-fairfax.org.

More Projects

Learn more about the Fairfax League of Women Voters and their activities at their website

Virginia General Assembly

Source: Website

Virginia onAir posts:    VA Senate   VA House of Delegates

Citizen Involvement

As a citizen of the Commonwealth of Virginia, one of your greatest responsibilities is to help elect the legislators who represent all Virginians. But your role in the democratic process of government does not end at the polls. By sharing your opinions and ideas with your elected officials, you help them resolve issues and evaluate pending legislation.

Below are five projects you can do to become more involved in your democracy.

Learn about Who Represents You

Know who your Senator or Delegate is and how to contact them. If you don’t know who represents you in the Senate and House or Congress, you can find out by using this “Who Represents Me” Virginia onAir tool. When you find your representatives, you can then select them to launch a widget with access to a deep post on your representative.

If you have any problems finding your representatives using our Who Represents Me tool, you can try the state’s  Who’s My Legislator tool.

Learn how Bills become Laws

The process of introducing legislation to be considered by the General Assembly and ultimately enacted into law is one of the most important responsibilities of a Senator or a Delegate. The Constitution of Virginia, the Rules of the Senate, and the Rules of the Virginia House of Delegates outline the process bills must go through become law. The following outline depicts the various steps required for an idea to be considered and passed by the General Assembly, and approved by the Governor:

  • Bills may originate in either the Senate or the House of Delegates.
  • A Senator or Delegate, as requested by constituents, prepares to introduce legislation. (For example: Permitting the governing bodies of localities to prohibit the sale and use of certain fireworks)
  • The Senator or Delegate then explains exactly the proposal he/she has in mind to a staff attorney in the Division of Legislative Services. A staff attorney checks existing law and the constitutionality of the proposed legislation.
  • The bill is then drafted by the Division of Legislative Services. Draft copies of the bill are made and delivered to the Senator or Delegate.
  • The member signs his/her name on the bill and introduces it by laying the original and duplicate copies on the desk of the Clerk (of the Senate or of the House of Delegates).
  • The bill is ordered printed and referred by the Senate Clerk or the House Speaker to the appropriate Standing Committee. (The Senate has11 Standing Committees and the House of Delegates has 14 Standing Committees.)
  • The members of the Committee -in public session- study, discuss, and vote on the bill.
  • The Committee then reports (“approves”) the bill, with or without amendments, to the originating body (Senate or House of Delegates).
  • The Constitution, within Article IV, Section 11, requires that every bill have three readings on three calendar days.
    • First Reading: The bill title is printed in the Calendar (the daily printed agenda of business) or is read by the Clerk.
    • Second Reading: The next day the bill title appears in its respective Calendar. Bills are considered in the order in which they appear in the Calendar. The Clerk of the Senate/House of Delegates reads the title of the bill.
      • A bill on second reading is amendable. Any amendments are taken up and agreed to or rejected. By voice vote, the bill is engrossed and passed to its third reading.
      • A bill that has passed the second reading with or without amendments is engrossed
      • If amendments are adopted, the bill is rewritten with amendments included and reprinted in its engrossed form for passage.
    • Third Reading: The next day, the engrossed bill title appears in the calendar on third reading. The bill is read by title by the Clerk. By a recorded vote, the bill is passed.
  • Communication: When passed, the bill is sent to the other house for its consideration.
  • In the other body’s chamber: The bill goes through substantially the same procedure as it did in the originating body.
  • The bill is read by title a first time, then the bill is referred to a Standing Committee, considered and reported by the Standing Committee, read a second time and a third time before passage by a constitutional majority.
  • If there are differences between the Senate and House versions of the bill, a Committee of Conference is created to resolve them.
  • After the bill has been passed by both houses of the General Assembly, it is printed as an enrolled bill, and examined and signed by the presiding officer of each house.
  • The bill is sent to the Governor for approval, where the Governor may 1) sign the bill into law; 2) amend the bill and return it to the General Assembly for approval; 3) veto the bill and return it to the General Assembly, where the House of Delegates and the Senate may override the veto by a two-thirds vote of both houses; or, 4) take no action and the bill becomes law without the Governor’s signature.
  • After being signed by the Governor, the bill is sent to the Clerk of the House of Delegates (Keeper of the Rolls of the Commonwealth) and is assigned a Chapter number. All Chapters of a Session are compiled and bound as the Acts of Assembly.
  • Bills enacted at a Regular Session (or the Reconvened Session which follows) are effective the 1st day of July following adjournment of the Regular Session, unless another date is specified.
  • Bills enacted at a Special Session (or Reconvened Session) are effective the 1st day of the fourth month following the adjournment of the Special Session, unless another date is specified.
  • The General Appropriations Act is usually effective July 1st and Emergency Acts become effective when signed by the Governor.

Learn how to Track Legislation

How to Track a Bill

By bill/resolution number.

By subject.

By legislator who introduced the legislation.

Past Legislation

If you want information on legislation from a past session (1994-present), select the session year from the “Other Session” drop down menu for which you are interested.

If you want to search subject matter from across sessions (1994-present)

For Questions or Additional Information about legislation prior to 1994, Contact:

Senate Legislative Information and Constituent Services (LINCS) Office (804)698-7410 or information@senate.virginia. gov

House of Delegates Information and Communications Services (HICS) Office (804)698-1500 or ics@house.virginia.gov

If you are interested in tracking and being notified of actions on legislation in a current session, you may use Lobbyist-in-a-Box.

Testify on a Bill

How to Testify on a Bill

During the legislative session the Senate committee meeting schedule and the House committee meeting schedule are set. However, due to the rapid pace of the legislative session, the meeting schedule and agendas frequently change. The most current daily committee and interim meeting schedule is found by clicking on the plus sign (+) next to “At a Glance” at the top of this webpage. For future meetings, reference the meeting schedule on the LIS website. An interactive, House of Delegates Meeting Schedule is also available.

Citizens can speak on pending legislation.

Citizens can speak on pending legislation.

Tips for Testifying

  • All legislative meetings are open to the public and citizens are welcome to attend even if you do not desire to speak. The chairman who is presiding over the meeting will determine what time limits, if any, are imposed on public testimony. Remarks should be brief and to the point.
  • Be prepared to speak from the podium. State your name. Please address the chairman and members of the committee. For example, “Mr. Chairman and members of the committee…”
  • Be aware that sometimes the patron of a bill may offer amendments to the bill. Amendments could possibly change your opinion of the bill and affect your remarks.
  • Be prepared to adapt your remarks to avoid making the same point made by previous speakers.
  • Be prepared to answer questions that the legislators might have. When responding to questions, remember to address the chairman and the members of the committee, not just the member that asks the question. For example, “Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I would answer by saying…”
  • It is recommended that you have written copies of your testimony to accompany your oral remarks. Please have at least 30 copies of your remarks available for distribution to the members of the committee and the staff. If the testimony is lengthy, it is recommended that you quickly summarize the material in order that other speakers might be heard. Remember, the committee will also accept written testimony in lieu of an oral presentation.
  • Outbursts and remarks from the audience are prohibited (Capitol and Pocahontas Building Guidelines). No audible devices are allowed in the committee rooms.
  • Please do not be offended if some legislators rise and leave the committee room. They have many commitments, including making presentations before other committees.
  • If you are unable to attend a committee meeting or public hearing you can express your opinion via email. Please send your correspondence to committee staff (Committeeoperations@senate.virginia.gov and/or CommitteeOps@house.virginia.gov). Please take care to ensure the information arrives before the hearing so the committee clerk can provide your correspondence to the committee members before they vote.
  • Requests for interpreters should be received seven days prior to the meeting. For interpreter services or further information please call or email the respective offices listed below:

Senate Committee Operations
Voice: (804) 698-7450
TDD: 1-866-786-2369
Committeeoperations@senate.virginia.gov

House Committee Operations
Voice: (804) 698-1540
TDD: 1-866-267-1474
CommitteeOps@house.virginia.gov

Meet with a Lobbyist

  • Lobbyists are individuals who receive compensation or are reimbursed for expenses for representing an organization, association or other group for the purpose of influencing or attempting to influence legislative (or executive) action by means of oral or written communication. Lobbyists play an important role in the legislative process, by providing information on many issues. Virginia law requires lobbyists, with a few exceptions, to register with the Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth and file annual reports of their activities. For more information about lobbyist registration, reporting requirements and a searchable database of registered lobbyists by name, principal or disclosure reports, please go to the Secretary of the Commonwealth’s website.

Lobbyist Registration Database

Reporting requirements

Democracy Squad at GMU

Source: Jennifer Victor page

Why Democracy Squad?

There are three reasons it is important to organize the campus community to engage in politics:

  1. Over the past several years, partisan polarization has contributed to the decline of democratic norms. Political science has shown that democratic institutions fail when citizens and leaders fail to adhere to democratic norms. We can shore up democracy, its institutions and norms, by taking positive actions to reinforce them.
  2. Politics and policy at the federal level are are damaged and gridlocked. We can reinforce democracy by taking actions in our community.
  3. Modern American politics are ugly. Conditions are ripe for misinformation, conspiracy, and sometimes violence. As a campus community, it is important to be a model of positive civic engagement. Democracy Squad highlights partisan-neutral, positive civic participation.

What does Democracy Squad do?

Volunteers in Professor Victor’s Democracy Squad connect through Magnify, a social media application designed to facilitate collective action. Democracy Squad includes a collection of projects, big and small, to help facilitate positive civic engagement on campus. Democracy Squad members can join one another’s projects or event, or post their own. Examples include: attend an open panel or talk on campus, attend a local city council meeting, create an info-graphic about misinformation and post it on social media, create a chalk campaign to thank first responders and essential workers, and more!

Can small, individual acts really reinforce democracy?

Yes. How do I know that small, individual acts can reinforce democracy? Because it’s the only thing that ever has. When combined, small acts of individuals add up to collective action. When people reinforce democratic values, the democracy is strengthened.

What type of small acts are most effective at reinforcing democracy?

To support democracy, take actions that directly impact the sources of polarization: inequalityweak parties, and lack of shared information. The books listed below each category help to explain how trouble in these three areas have contributed to polarization. Taking action to correct these, can counteract polarization. Examples of current Democracy Squad projects that speak to these challenging areas are listed below.

1. Inequality (economic, racial, health, education, environmental, etc.). Polarization rises with inequality. Read more about how inequality contributes to democratic decline in these books:

2. Strong political parties have a moderating effect on political candidates. Strengthen parties that support democratic values. People are attracted to extremism and anti-democratic movements when they feel unrepresented. Change election laws to promote multi-partyism and generate more representation.

3. Bifurcated information environment contributes to polarization.

What has Democracy Squad done?

During the peak of the 2020 election season, George Mason University’s Democracy Squad boasted about 120 members who took more than 100 actions in 48 different local projects. Our movement was noticed by the Mason community and spread to other campuses, including University of Texas, Austin..

GMU Democracy Squad participants showed a 40 percent engagement rate with DS projects.

How do I join Democracy Squad?

Join Democracy Squad by creating an account on Magnify and joining the Democracy Squad organization on Magnify. You can then join a project that is already posted, or create your own project in Democracy Squad. Proposed projects will require approval from Professor Victor. Student generated projects are encouraged and should be consistent with the goals of Democracy Squad: encourage Mason Nation to take positive actions that reinforce democracy, reduce partisan polarization, and support democratic norms and values through civic engagement.

Click Here to Join Democracy Squad

You can also join Democracy Squad using Magnify invite code: “squadgoals.” Democracy Squad is open to any George Mason University student, staff, alumni, or faculty.

Start a Democracy Squad at another university or in your neighborhood

Source: Webpage

Assignment

To complete this assignment:
1. Use Magnify to establish a Democracy Squad for your neighborhood or community. Seed the organization with a few projects and encourage others to join and post their own projects. Keep the group non-partisan and focused on helping people vote in 2020. Post a screenshot in comments of your new group.
-or-
2. Encourage a friend at another university to start a Democracy Squad on their campus. Post screenshots in comments that show the new commitment or group at another school.

Description

Using social network tools to connect with people about voting and to help people make a plan for voting is what will make this election work. Voting is a social activity and the pandemic presents many barriers for many people. Plus, voting laws are different depending on where you live. Small, local organizations to help citizens exercise their voting rights will make a difference in voter turnout in 2020 and beyond.

Attend a Meeting: City Council of Fairfax

Source: Webpage

Assignment

Choose a Fairfax City government meeting to participate in (virtually) from the list here: https://www.fairfaxva.gov/services/about-us/city-meetings

Write which meeting you’ll attend in the comments. Post a photo and any thoughts that you have about your experience afterwards!

Description

The City of Fairfax has a council/manager form of government. The mayor and six council members are elected every two years on an at-large, non-partisan basis. The current term expires 6/30/2022.

Participatory democracy requires participation. Sign up to listen to an upcoming city council meeting for the city of Fairfax, VA. Let us know which meeting you’ll be joining in the comments. Take a photo while you’re listening, and share your thoughts!

Propose your own project or event in GMU Democracy Squad!

Source: Webpage

Assignment

To complete this assignment, propose a new project in GMU Democracy Squad. It can be an event about voting that you want to help promote, or an original idea you have about how to help Mason nation get ready to vote in 2020. Projects must be non-partisan and promote positive campus civic engagement. Post about your new project in comments below so we can see the movement grow.

Description

The more projects there are for students to complete, the more activity, energy, and engagement democracy squad will create. As the projects and engagement grows, more and more of Mason nation will be ready to vote in 2020.

A Healthy Community: Workout Together

Source: Webpage

Assignment

Can you build a healthy community? Democracy starts by building social cohesion. If you are a Mason student, sign up for an exercise class and invite your family or friends to join you. It’s a free resource. A healthy community is one that collaborates, whether that’s with voting or fitness. Sharing events bring us together.

Let us know what you’re doing and send us a photo in the comments!

Description

Are you a Mason student? In case you haven’t already signed up for this free benefit, BurnAlong is a free health and wellness app you have unlimited access to thousands of on-demand and live video classes spanning 45+ health and wellness categories (from cardio to yoga to dance to mindfulness to sleep to nutrition to financial wellbeing to prenatal to kids classes to classes for chronic conditions).

You can take classes alone or you can also invite up to 3 friends and family to join you in a live class – see and hear each other while taking classes together. Again, the service is available free of charge to you and your family members (you can add up to four family members under your account).

Register to vote or verify your registration

Assignment

Use this link citizen portal to register to vote in Virginia, or verify your registration:
https://vote.elections.virginia.gov/VoterInformation

Description

It will take you less than five minutes to complete this project. Register to vote or verify that you are registered to vote. Done!

Join Faculty Network for Student Voting Rights

Source: Webpage

Assignment

Faculty, go to the website for the Faculty Network for Student Voting Rights and sign up! Join their efforts to promote voting on campus. https://facultyforvotingrights.org/

Description

Faculty, join a national organization for faculty to support student voting rights on their campus. Faculty commit to promoting campus polling stations, absentee voting, and generally supporting student voting rights on their campus. This project is for FACULTY to show their commitment to students.

Run for Student Government

Source: Webpage

Assignment

Sign up to lead. Email sg@gmu.edu to register to run for student government! Leadership starts with you.

Description

Each spring, Student Government hosts an election for Student Body President, Vice President, and 30 Student Senator positions. The Student Body President and Vice President run as a combined ticket and students running for Senate can choose to run alone or with a “coalition” or group of other students (please keep in mind that each member must still be elected). For more information please email sgedc@gmu.edu.

More Projects

Source: Webpage

Democracy Squad at GMU has more national and local projects. Check out the webpage above.

More Opportunities

Virginia Government

 Virginia onAir state Government Post 
State Government websitevirginia.gov

The statewide elected officials are governor, lieutenant governor, and attorney general.

The Virginia Governor’s Cabinet is a body of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch, responsible for advising the Governor. It is composed of the following offices,nominated by the Governor and then presented to the Virginia General Assembly for confirmation.

The judiciary of Virginia is defined under the Constitution and law of Virginia and is composed of the Supreme Court of Virginia and subordinate courts, including the Court of Appeals, the Circuit Courts, and the General District Courts. Its administration is headed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Judicial Council, the Committee on District Courts, the Judicial Conferences, and various other officers.

Calendar of Commonwealth Events

Congressional Representatives

US Senators: Mark Warner and Tim Kaine  US House members

Virginia’s current U.S Senators are Democrats Mark Warner (Serving Since 2009) and Tim Kaine (Serving Since 2013). Virginia is allotted 11 seats in the U.S House Of Representatives, currently 7 seats are held by Democrats and 4 seats are held by Republicans.

Virginia21

Source: Website

Virginia21 empowers college students and young Virginians to be engaged citizens and advocates for issues important to them and Virginia’s future. Founded and led by young people, VA21 envisions a well-educated, prosperous, and civically-engaged Virginia.

Virginia21’s premier student leadership development program attracts community-minded young people who are ready to begin the rewarding process of defining their identities as leaders. Virginia21 provides quality programming featuring elected officials, business leaders, citizen advocates, as well as access to one of Virginia’s largest nonpartisan political networks.

Virginia21 Action, Virginia21’s 501(c)4 affiliate, advocates on behalf of young people around the state to our lawmakers in Richmond. Virginia21 Action advocates for accessible and equitable higher education that leads to a good job, economic prosperity, and a full life here in the Commonwealth. Virginia21 Action also advocates for policies that increase civic engagement and participation, as well as good governance.

Our work ensures that the collective voice of our young people is heard in our local communities, campuses, the state capitol, and beyond. Click here to view our FY20-25 strategic plan.

VPAP – Virginia Public Access Project

Source: Webpage

The nonprofit Virginia Public Access Project elevates public understanding of politics and government by organizing and presenting information in ways that are easily accessible and free of partisan bias.
VPAP is fiercely nonpartisan. We do not lobby or take positions on issues. Our singular focus is to give Virginians information they need to make their own decisions.

We were founded in 1997 with one simple premise: If Virginia’s campaign finance system relies upon disclosure, citizens should have the right to know who is giving to whom. Since then, we have expanded our focus to include related topics such as election results, lobbying, the legislative process and redistricting.

Our approach is grounded in verifiable facts drawn directly from government databases. Our integrated methods provide unique and valuable insights into decisions that impact your family and community. Our data visualizations turn complex data into easily digestible information.

In addition, we operate a free news aggregation service. VaNews provides a convenient way to find articles about government and politics that meet high standards for original news reporting.

VPAP’s unique, nonpartisan approach is supported by Republicans and Democrats alike. Our work has won awards from numerous organizations, including the Virginia Coalition for Open Government, the Wilder School of Public Policy at VCU and the Society of Professional Journalists.

See VPAP post for more information

Virginia Mercury

Source: Website

Virginia Mercury is one of the fews news publishers in Virginia that provides its content freely available under a Create Commons for Non Profits license. Below is from the Virginia Mercury website.

The Virginia Mercury is an independent, nonprofit online news organization covering state government and policy. From the push to remove Confederate statues to big shifts in health care and energy policy, the Old Dominion is changing. The Mercury aims to bring a fresh perspective to coverage of the state’s biggest issues.

The news outlet, which also features original and guest commentary on a range of topics, is staffed full-time by five veteran Virginia newspaper journalists.

The Mercury is part of States Newsroom, a national 501(c)(3) nonprofit supported by grants and a coalition of donors and readers. We retain full editorial independence and are a proud member of the Virginia Press Association.

The Virginia Mercury generally features progressive commentary, though we are open to considering serious submissions on policy issues. We generally do not accept submissions, however, from declared candidates for public office or sitting elected officials. Contact Editor-in-Chief Robert Zullo at commentary@virginiamercury.com with submissions. Please include links and sourcing to expedite fact-checking.

 

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Become a Hub MemberBecome an onAir Member

All that is required to be a Democracy onAir member is your first and last name, an email address, and your zip code.

Your real name and any other profile information will NOT be displayed unless you choose to do so. Your personal information is NOT shared with any other website or organization.

Summary

All that is required to be a Democracy onAir member is your first and last name, an email address, and your zip code.

Your real name and any other profile information will NOT be displayed unless you choose to do so. Your personal information is NOT shared with any other website or organization.

Membership form

Register with us by filling out the form below.
Password must be at least 7 characters long.
Password must be at least 7 characters long.

Note: It looks like JavaScript is disabled in your browser. Some elements of this form may require JavaScript to work properly. If you have trouble submitting the form, try enabling JavaScript momentarily and resubmit. JavaScript settings are usually found in Browser Settings or Browser Developer menu.

More about onAir membership

OnAir membership will enable you to:

  • Give feedback to your representatives and their staffs, other politicians, and onAir Curators. You can ask questions, make suggestions, and give endorsements;
  • Host and coordinate onAir livestreamed Zoom events (aircasts) with Virginia onAir Producers:
  • Participate in aircasts as part of a Zoom audience;
  • Co-curate politician and issue posts;
  • Start and publicize your own VA onAir civic engagement projects

To learn more about this Hub’s features and the organizations supporting this Hub, go to this About US onAir Network post.

Your Hub activity is NOT tracked or shared. Simply visiting any US onAir network Hub also does not expose your identity publicly.

When you submit personal information to Virginia onAir for any purpose, your information will not be sold or shared with any third parties unless you give consent.

You also can, at any time, request that your information be deleted. Such requests will be honored within one business day.

Hub members must be a US resident and/or US Citizen and be 13 years or older.

Learn more about Democracy onAir’s “Privacy Policy”.

Privacy Policy

Your Hub activity is NOT tracked or shared. Simply visiting the Virginia onAir Hub also does not expose your identity publicly.

When you submit personal information to Virginia onAir for any purpose, your information will not be sold or shared with any third parties unless you give consent.

You also can, at any time, request that your information be deleted. Such requests will be honored within one business day.

To learn more about Virginia Elections Hub “Privacy Policy”, go to this post.

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Student Curation Opportunities 1Become an Intern

Democracy onAir welcomes any US citizen to apply for an internship. We require a minimum commitment of 6 hours per week.

We have a special interest in working with undergraduate students majoring in government, communications, media, or a related field with a passion to improve democracy in the US.  Students (and other US citizens) who want to intern with Democracy onAir this fall can submit their resume with an introductory email articulating why you are interested in being a Democracy onAir intern and include a link, if appropriate, to your relevant academic program (internship, capstone project, research project etc.) to: internships@onair.cc. 

Summary

Democracy onAir welcomes any US citizen to apply for an internship. We require a minimum commitment of 6 hours per week.

We have a special interest in working with undergraduate students majoring in government, communications, media, or a related field with a passion to improve democracy in the US.  Students (and other US citizens) who want to intern with Democracy onAir this fall can submit their resume with an introductory email articulating why you are interested in being a Democracy onAir intern and include a link, if appropriate, to your relevant academic program (internship, capstone project, research project etc.) to: internships@onair.cc. 

ABOUT US ONAIR

To reinvigorate our imperiled democracy, US onAir is developing 50 curated, media rich online state governance and election Hubs and a central US Hub. We are supporting the US public to become more informed about and engaged in federal, state, and local politics while facilitating more civil and positive collaboration.

US onAir is a growing coalition of individuals and organizations creating a new kind of digital democracy network. Participation in US onAir is open to all US citizens and qualifying organizations. Democracy onAir, a nonpartisan 501c3 nonprofit, is providing the technology, curation, and organizational support needed to establish a dynamic, evolving network.

To learn more about the US onAir network, go to this post with 2 minute introductory video.

WHY BECOME AN INTERN?

The primary internship benefits beyond helping to reinvigorate democracy are intended to be career-enhancing:

  • Visibility in your field; potential contact with thought leaders, organizations, and potential employers
  • Skill development in political communication, media, and other position-specific opportunities such as grant-writing, video editing, and team management
  • Interaction and networking with politicians and other nonprofit organizations
  • Career opportunities with Democracy onAir and US onAir coalition organizations
  • Potential for individualized projects and skill development

Internships are mostly self-directed with weekly online meetings. Since much of the internship work is done remotely, students are on an honor system as to the hours they report to us. Part-time interns do not receive any monetary compensation.

Opportunities

OnAir Content Curators

Key Responsibilities:

Content Curators are tasked with helping turn the Hub into a centralized source of information on local, state, and federal politics. Tasks could include one or more of the following:

  • Coordinating the curation of politician profiles, including their background, policy positions, and campaign finances
  • Moderate and contribute to online discussions regarding campaigns and politicians
  • Interview, video, and post interviews with candidates and politicians
  • Supporting the development of Democracy Squads in colleges and universities throughout Virginia

OnAir Media Producers & Moderators

Key Responsibilities:

Media interns are tasked with helping each Hub to become a rich source of video interviews, and livestreamed and recorded town halls, debates, and forums. Tasks could include one or more of the following:

  • Recording video interviews with politicians and other relevant events
  • Editing all video content and posting to our Vimeo channel and relevant posts on the hub.
  • Assist in creating and managing the OnAir streaming service
  • Assist in recruiting media interns
  • Make sure all team members have high quality featured images

Outreach Internship

None at the present time.

Business/Revenue Internship

None at the present time.

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Donate to Virginia onAir 1Become a Donor

If you are interested in creating a more trusted source of political information and more civil political discussions, donate to Democracy onAir.

Donations can made by any individual or foundation that wishes to support the mission of Democracy onAir. Donors can choose to support the entire organization or state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. Donations, at the donor’s request, can be displayed on the appropriate Hub with links to social networks and/or websites.. Anonymous donations are accepted as long as they are verified as US residents or US-based foundations with no foreign affiliations.

Democracy onAir was chartered in Virginia in 2018 and has obtained 510(c)(3) status. Checks or wire transfers are made out to Democracy onAir. All donations are tax deductible.

Summary

If you are interested in creating a more trusted source of political information and more civil political discussions, donate to Democracy onAir.

Donations can made by any individual or foundation that wishes to support the mission of Democracy onAir. Donors can choose to support the entire organization or state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. Donations, at the donor’s request, can be displayed on the appropriate Hub with links to social networks and/or websites.. Anonymous donations are accepted as long as they are verified as US residents or US-based foundations with no foreign affiliations.

Democracy onAir was chartered in Virginia in 2018 and has obtained 510(c)(3) status. Checks or wire transfers are made out to Democracy onAir. All donations are tax deductible.

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Become a Hub Sponsor 1Become a Sponsor

Sponsors can choose to support the entire organization or state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. We are particularly interested in sponsoring organizations that seek to support student civic engagement, democratic and civil discourse, and the intersection of technology and government. Foreign owned or affiliated organizations are not permitted to be sponsors of any US onAir Hub.

Hub sponsors will be displayed throughout an onAir Hub and its posts. Hub sponsors can have links to their websites, videos, or request a customized post in the Hub containing information and media of their choice.

For further information about sponsoring, contact scott.joy@onair.cc.

Summary

Sponsors can choose to support the entire organization or state Hub, as well as specific operations, such as a District and all the posts within it, an individual politician Post, or a specific Issue Post. We are particularly interested in sponsoring organizations that seek to support student civic engagement, democratic and civil discourse, and the intersection of technology and government. Foreign owned or affiliated organizations are not permitted to be sponsors of any US onAir Hub.

Hub sponsors will be displayed throughout an onAir Hub and its posts. Hub sponsors can have links to their websites, videos, or request a customized post in the Hub containing information and media of their choice.

For further information about sponsoring, contact scott.joy@onair.cc.

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Become an AdvocateBecome an Advocate

Advocates of various issues important to US residents will have an opportunity to contribute position papers, reviews, videos, and other types of content related to an issue. As premium members, they will be able to:

  • author new posts on issues
  • co-author existing posts on issues
  • contribute to curated overview posts on issues

Advocates can sign up through an existing organization or individually. Until our beta testing is completed, advocate memberships are currently only available upon request without charge.

Send requests to: Jessler Elvira at jessler.elvira@onair.cc

 

Summary

Advocates of various issues important to US residents will have an opportunity to contribute position papers, reviews, videos, and other types of content related to an issue. As premium members, they will be able to:

  • author new posts on issues
  • co-author existing posts on issues
  • contribute to curated overview posts on issues

Advocates can sign up through an existing organization or individually. Until our beta testing is completed, advocate memberships are currently only available upon request without charge.

Send requests to: Jessler Elvira at jessler.elvira@onair.cc

 

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Terms of Service +Terms of Use

All content in this site is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes

Hub members must be a US resident and/or US Citizen and be 13 years or older.

Summary

All content in this site is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes

Hub members must be a US resident and/or US Citizen and be 13 years or older.

Curation Guidelines

This post provides guidelines for how Virginia onAir determines the permissibility and impermissibility of speech and content on this Elections & Governance Hub. These principles are meant to encourage civil and honest discourse without allowing for harassment or threats to personal safety. In case of any questions or concerns, please contact our Executive Director Katlyn Weiser at katlyn.weiser@onair.cc .

  • Research-driven content: Our choice and priorities of content will be formed by research on current topics, interviews and polling on information relevant to our target audience, and internal discussion.
  • Full citation and credit: All included information will include source information and hyperlinks.
  • Respect and inclusivity. Our platform is meant to promote an open discourse about current politics that is open for all users with that common goal. Any user or content that infringes on that goal will be removed from the platform and disciplined.
  • Our takedown rules and guidelines will evolve as political discourse evolves. Our Curation Principles will undergo an annual review to ensure that they match the evolving nature of political discussion. All users will be fully notified of changes to the platform’s guidelines. Ad hoc reviews of rules and guidelines will also occur if needed, and Democracy onAir reserves the right to make case-by-case decisions if content does not fit cleanly into a category but nonetheless runs counter to our general principles.

 

Terms

1. Acceptance of Terms

By visiting the Virginia onAir Hub (referred to as “Hub”) website or mobile application, viewing, accessing or otherwise using any of the services or information created, collected, compiled or submitted to the Hub, you agree to be bound by the following Terms and Conditions of Service. If you do not want to be bound by our Terms your only option is not to visit, view or otherwise use the services of the Hub. You understand, agree and acknowledge that these Terms constitute a legally binding agreement.

2. Provision of Services

You agree and acknowledge that VEH is entitled to modify, improve or discontinue any of its services at its sole discretion and without notice to you even if it may result in you being prevented from accessing any information contained in it.

3. Proprietary Rights

Any of the trademarks, service marks, collective marks, design rights or similar rights that are mentioned, used or cited in the articles of the Hub are the property of their respective owners. Their use here does not imply that you may use them for any other purpose other than for the same or a similar informational use as contemplated by the original authors of these Hub articles under the Creative Commons-Non Commercial licensing scheme. The Hub cannot grant any rights to use any otherwise protected materials. Your use of any such or similar incorporeal property is at your own risk.

4. Disclaimer of Warranties

You understand and agree that your use of Hub is entirely at your own risk and that our services are provided “As Is” and “As Available”. The Hub does not make any express or implied warranties, endorsements or representations whatsoever as to the operation of the Hub website, information, content, materials, or products. This shall include, but not be limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement, and warranties that access to or use of the service will be uninterrupted or error-free or that defects in the service will be corrected.

5. Limitation of Liability

You understand and agree that the Hub and any of its subsidiaries or affiliates shall in no event be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, or exemplary damages. This shall include, but not be limited to damages for loss of profits, business interruption, business reputation or goodwill, loss of programs or information or other intangible loss arising out of the use of or the inability to use the service, or information, or any permanent or temporary cessation of such service or access to information, or the deletion or corruption of any content or information, or the failure to store any content or information. The above limitation shall apply whether or not referred to as “VEH” has been advised of or should have been aware of the possibility of such damages. In jurisdictions where the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages is not allowed the liability of referred to as “VEH” is limited to the greatest extent permitted by law.

6. External Content

The Hub may include hyperlinks to third-party content, advertising or websites. You acknowledge and agree that referred to as “Hub” is not responsible for and does not necessarily endorse any advertising, products or resource available from such resources or websites.

7. Jurisdiction

You expressly understand and agree to submit to the personal and exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the country, state, province or territory determined solely by referred to as “Hub” to resolve any legal matter arising from this agreement or related to your use of referred to as “Hub”. If the court of law having jurisdiction, rules that any provision of the agreement is invalid, then that provision will be removed from the Terms and the remaining Terms will continue to be valid.The referred to as “Hub” database is stored on a server in the United States of America, and is maintained in reference to the protections afforded under local and federal law. Laws in your country or jurisdiction may not protect or allow the same kinds of speech or distribution. referred to as “Hub” does not encourage the violation of any laws; and cannot be responsible for any violations of such laws, should you link to this domain or use, reproduce, or republish the information contained herein.

8. Legal Statements

There is absolutely no assurance that any statement contained in an article touching on legal matters is true, correct or precise. Law varies from place to place and it evolves over time — sometimes quickly. Even if a statement made about the law is accurate, it may only be accurate in the jurisdiction of the person posting the information; as well, the law may have changed, been modified or overturned by subsequent development since the entry was made on Ballotpedia.The legal information provided on referred to as “Hub” is, at best, of a general nature and cannot substitute for the advice of a licensed professional, i.e., by a competent authority with specialised knowledge who can apply it to the particular circumstances of your case. Please contact a local bar association, law society or similar association of jurists in your legal jurisdiction to obtain a referral to a competent legal professional if you do not have other means of contacting an attorney-at-law, lawyer, civil law notary, barrister or solicitor. Neither the individual contributors, system operators, developers, or sponsors of referred to as “Hub” nor anyone else connected to referred to as “Hub” can take any responsibility for the results or consequences of any attempt to use or adopt any of the information or disinformation presented on this web site.Nothing on referred to as “VEH”should be construed as an attempt to offer or render a legal opinion or otherwise engage in the practice of law.

9. Entire Agreement

You understand and agree that the above Terms constitute the entire general agreement between you and referred to as “Hub”. You may be subject to additional Terms and conditions when you use, purchase or access other services, affiliate services or third-party content or material.

10. Changes to the Terms

The “Hub” reserves the right to modify these Terms from time to time at our sole discretion and without any notice. Changes to our Terms become effective on the date they are posted and your continued use of referred to as “Hub” after any changes to Terms will signify your agreement to be bound by them.

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Privacy PolicyPrivacy Policy

Simply visiting this Hub does not expose your identity publicly. When you submit to the your email addresses, phone numbers, and addresses for any purpose, that data will only be used by Democracy onAir, the non-profit organization that hosts the USA onAir Hubs. Democracy onAir will not sell your information.

You also can, at any time, request that your information be removed from the USA onAir system. Such requests will be honored within one business day.

Except where otherwise specified, all text added to the Hub is available for reuse under the Democracy onAir Terms of Use.  This privacy policy was significantly helped by consulting the Wikimedia Foundation Privacy Policy.

Summary

Simply visiting this Hub does not expose your identity publicly. When you submit to the your email addresses, phone numbers, and addresses for any purpose, that data will only be used by Democracy onAir, the non-profit organization that hosts the USA onAir Hubs. Democracy onAir will not sell your information.

You also can, at any time, request that your information be removed from the USA onAir system. Such requests will be honored within one business day.

Except where otherwise specified, all text added to the Hub is available for reuse under the Democracy onAir Terms of Use.  This privacy policy was significantly helped by consulting the Wikimedia Foundation Privacy Policy.

FOR HUB MEMBERS

When you edit any page on VAO, you are publishing a document. This is a public act, and you are identified publicly with that edit as its author.

Security of information

There is no guarantee against unauthorized access to any information you provide. This information may be available to anyone with access to the servers.

Deletion of content

Removing text from the Hub does not permanently delete it. In normal articles, anyone can look at a previous version and see what was there. If an article is “deleted”, any user with “administrator” access can see what was deleted. Information can be permanently deleted by those people with access to the servers, but there is no guarantee this will happen except in response to legal action.

Reasons for deletion include but are not limited to violation of copyright, content that does not belong in an Hub, content not verifiable in a reliable source, and unreferenced negative content in biographies of living persons.

Deletion of a Hub post removes the current version and all previous versions from view. Unlike page blanking, which can be performed (or reverted) by any user, deletion can be performed only by administrators. Administrators can also view deleted pages and reverse (“undelete”) any deletion. All such actions are logged.

Reasons for deletion

Reasons for deletion include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Advertising or other spam.
  • Content that isn’t suitable.
  • Copyright infringement
  • The article is a duplicate of another
  • Images that are unused or obsolete.
  • Images that violate fair-use policy.
  • Inappropriate user pages
  • Inflammatory redirects
  • Self-promotion
  • Naked campaign advertising
  • Patent nonsense or gibberish
  • Vandalism that is not correctable

Cookies

The Virginia onAir Hub will set a temporary session cookie (PHPSESSID) whenever you visit the site. If you do not intend to ever log in, you may deny this cookie, but you cannot log in without it. It will be deleted when you close your browser session.

More cookies may be set when you log in, to avoid typing in your username (or optionally password) on your next visit. These last up to 30 days. You may clear these cookies after use if you are using a public machine and don’t wish to expose your username to future users of the machine. (If so, clear the browser cache as well.).

Passwords

Many aspects of this Hub depend on the reputation and respect that is built up through a history of valued contributions. User passwords are the only guarantee of the integrity of a user’s edit history. All users are encouraged to select strong passwords and to never share them. No one shall knowingly expose the password of another user to public release either directly or indirectly.

Private logging

Every time you visit a web page, you send a lot of information to the web server. Most web servers routinely maintain access logs with a portion of this information, which can be used to get an overall picture of what pages are popular, what other sites link to this one, and what web browsers people are using.

These logs are used to produce the site statistics pages; the raw log data is NOT made public, and is normally discarded after about two weeks.

Here’s a sample from Wikipedia–which uses the same logging system as the Hub–of a log for one such page view:

64.164.82.142 - - [21/Oct/2003:02:03:19 +0000]
"GET /wiki/draft_privacy_policy HTTP/1.1" 200 18084
"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_projects:Village_pump"
"Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; PPC Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/85.7 (KHTML, like Gecko) Safari/85.5"

Log data may be examined by developers in the course of solving technical problems and in tracking down badly-behaved web spiders that overwhelm the site. IP addresses of users, derived either from those logs or from records in the database are frequently used to correlate usernames and network addresses of edits in investigating abuse of the site, including the suspected use of malicious “sockpuppets” (duplicate accounts where one person logs into Ballotpedia under different names), vandalism, harassment of other users, or disruption of the site.

Policy on release of data derived from page logs

It is the policy of VAO that personally identifiable data collected in the server logs, or through records in the database via the CheckUser feature, may be released by the system administrators or users with CheckUser access, in the following situations:

  1. In response to a valid subpoena or other compulsory request from law enforcement
  2. With permission of the affected user
  3. To the chair of the owner of VEH, his/her legal counsel, or his/her designee, when necessary for investigation of complaints
  4. Where the information pertains to page views generated by a spider or bot and its dissemination is necessary to illustrate or resolve technical issues
  5. Where the user has been vandalising articles or persistently behaving in a disruptive way, data may be released to assist in the targeting of IP blocks, or to assist in the formulation of a complaint to relevant Internet Service Providers
  6. Where it is reasonably necessary to protect the rights, property or safety of  VAO, its users or the public

VEH policy does not permit public distribution of such information under any circumstances, except as described above.

 

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Creative Commons License 2Creative Commons License

All content in this Hub is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes.

Summary

All content in this Hub is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes.

About

Source: Wikipedia

Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share.The organization has released several copyright-licenses known as Creative Commons licenses free of charge to the public. These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators.

The Creative Commons license that Virginia onAir uses for all its content is Attribution- NonCommercial that permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes (see below for more details).

Creative Commons
Website
creativecommons.org
Email: info@creativecommons.org
Phone:  1-415-429-6753
Address: PO Box 1866 Mountain View, CA 94042

Key features

Attribution-NonCommercial ShareAdaptAttributionNonCommercialNotices:
(CC-BY-NC 4.0)
From Creative Commons website

You are free to:

  1. copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
  2. remix, transform, and build upon the material.

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms:

  • You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.
  • You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • You may not use the material for commercial purposes. No additional restrictions
  • You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
  • You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation. No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.

CC-BY-NC websites

Some of the websites below also contain copyrighted content that can not be embedded in your post.

Some of the websites below allow for re-use in commercial sites. Usually when a website provides a sharing button that enables embedding the content in a post, the content will be covered by the CC-BY_NC license.

Below are some well known sites that provide for CC-BY-NC licensing.  Most government related content will be covered by the CC-BY-NC license. The links below give you a more detail on how each of these popular sites approach copyrighted and Creative Commons content.

Wikipedia
Flickr
YouTube
Vimeo
TED 
MIT Open Courseware

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