US House District 3

VA House District # 3


District Description: serving the independent cities of Franklin, Newport News, andPortsmouth, parts of the independent cities of Chesapeake,Hampton, Norfolk, and Suffolk, and all of the county of Isle of Wight.

2018 Election Results:

Bobby Scott (D) 91.2% – 198,429
Write-in votes 8.8% – 19,098

Total votes: 217,527

Washington DC Office:
1201 Longworth House Office Bldg
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-8351

Newport News Office:
2600 Washington Ave. Suite 1010
Newport News, VA23607
Phone: (757) 380-1000

EmailContact Form  Email Updates  Meeting Request



Virginia’s 3rd Congressional District winds along the James River, stretching 90 miles from Richmond to Hampton Roads.

The District has had the same basic outline since 1992, when the General Assembly sought to comply with U.S. Department of Justice guidelines aimed at giving African-Americans a better opportunity to elect a congressman of their choice.

It worked. In 1992, Bobby Scott became Virginia’s first black congressman since Reconstruction.

But the 25-year effort to create and maintain a minority-majority district has run afoul of federal judges, who have ruled twice – in 1998 and 2014 – that Virginia unconstitutionally made race the predominant factor in drawing the lines.

The General Assembly did not meet a Sept. 1 deadline to redraw the district without making race the sole or even predominant factor. The task of drawing new maps now falls to the courts.

The modern 3rd Congressional District has its origins in the 1990 census, which found Virginia’s population had grown enough to warrant an 11thseat in the U.S. House of Representatives. At the same time, the U.S. Justice Department under President George Herbert Walker Bush provided guidance that, when possible, states should create minority-majority districts.

That guidance led several southern states to draw boundaries that separated white and black neighborhoods within communities, resulting in districts with jagged outlines. In Virginia, General Assembly created a district with a black voting-age population of 61.4%. The 3rdCongressional District cut a winding path from Richmond, north to the middle peninsula and then south and east to Norfolk.

District analysis

The 2018 Cook Partisan Voter Index for this district was D+16, meaning that in the previous two presidential elections, this district’s results were 16 percentage points more Democratic than the national average. This made Virginia’s 3rd Congressional District the 86th-most Democratic nationally.

FiveThirtyEight’s elasticity score for states and congressional districts measured “how sensitive it is to changes in the national political environment.” Heading into the election, this district’s elasticity score was 0.94. This means that for every 1 point the national political mood moved toward a party, the district was expected to move 0.94 points toward that party.

See also: The Cook Political Report’s Partisan Voter Index and  FiveThirtyEight’s elasticity scores

2018 Campaign Contributions

From financial reports submitted to the Federal Election Commission.

NamePartyReceipts*Disbursements**Cash on handDate
Vangie WilliamsDemocratic Party$353,858$264,599$89,259As of September 30, 2018
Rob WittmanRepublican Party$1,385,499$1,317,467$960,527As of September 30, 2018

Previous Elections

From Ballotpedia


Heading into the election, Ballotpedia rated this race as safely Democratic. Incumbent Bobby Scott (D) defeated Marty Williams (R) in the general election on November 8, 2016. Neither candidate faced an opponent at the party nominating conventions.[3]

U.S. House, Virginia District 3 General Election, 2016
PartyCandidateVote %Votes
DemocraticGreen check mark transparent.pngBobby Scott Incumbent66.7%208,337
RepublicanMarty Williams33.1%103,289
Total Votes312,340
Source: Virginia Department of Elections


See also: Virginia’s 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Incumbent Bobby Scott won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives on November 4, 2014. He did not face a primary challenger, and he ran unopposed in the general election.

U.S. House, Virginia District 3 General Election, 2014
PartyCandidateVote %Votes
DemocraticGreen check mark transparent.pngRobert C. Scott Incumbent94.4%139,197
Total Votes147,402
Source: Virginia Department of Elections

 District Issues

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