Current Position: US Senator since 2013
Affiliation: Democrat
Former Positions: Governor from 2006 – 2010; Lt. Governor from 2002 – 2006; Mayor from 1998 – 2001

Other Positions:
Chair, Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support – Committee on Armed Services Budget Committee, Foreign Relations Committee, Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee

“Tim has made boosting job opportunities for everyone a top priority. Tim is focused on crafting smart defense strategy and reducing the risk of unnecessary war. Tim believes that health care is a right … and has consistently pushed for reforms to expand access to quality care.”

Sen. Tim Kaine: On election night Virginia showed its ‘values’

OnAir Post: Tim Kaine – VA



Following speculation about his political future, Sen. Tim Kaine, D-Va., announced at a Richmond press conference that he will run for a third term in 2024.


Tim Kaine 6Tim Kaine has helped people throughout his life as a missionary, civil rights lawyer, teacher and elected official. He is one of 30 people in American history to have served as a Mayor, Governor and United States Senator.

Early Commitment to Public Service

Tim grew up working in his father’s ironworking shop in Kansas City. His parents taught him the value of hard work and showed him how small businesses and technical skills strengthen this country every day. After graduating from the University of Missouri, Tim started his public service career by running a technical school founded by Jesuit missionaries in Honduras. He trained teenagers to become carpenters and welders, equipping them with skills to lift up themselves and their communities. As Tim says, his work in Honduras was “a North Star” that led to his commitment to advance job opportunities for everyone. His time there reinforced three core values that are still a central part of his life today: “Fe, familia, y trabajo” – “Faith, family, and work.”

Family Life

Tim met Virginian Anne Holton at Harvard Law School and they married in 1984 in the same church in Richmond they attend to this day. They have three adult children. Anne, a former legal aid lawyer and juvenile court judge, served as Virginia Secretary of Education from 2014 until 2016. Before that, Anne ran Great Expectations, a program that offers tutoring, career coaching, and other services to help young adults aging out of foster care and attending Virginia community colleges transition to successful, independent adulthood. She now teaches education policy and government at George Mason University – Tim calls her the best public servant he knows. Anne’s father Linwood Holton, a former Republican Governor of Virginia, was critical to integrating Virginia’s public schools, putting the Commonwealth on the path to progress we see today.

Early Career

After law school, Tim practiced law in Richmond for 17 years, specializing in the representation of people who had been denied housing due to their race, disability, or family status. In 1998, Tim helped win one of the largest civil rights jury verdicts ever in a case involving discrimination against minority neighborhoods by an insurance company. He also began teaching law part-time at the University of Richmond in 1987.

Elected Office

Tim was first elected to office in 1994, serving as a city council member and four years later, Mayor of Richmond. When he was first elected to City Council in Richmond, the city had one of the highest homicide rates in America, and he worked with law enforcement and the community to find solutions that brought down the rate of violent crime. He became Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 2002 and was inaugurated as Virginia’s 70th Governor in 2006. While serving as Governor, Tim improved the education and health care systems, and by the end of his term, leading publications ranked Virginia the best state to raise a child and the best state for business. He visited a school in every county and city in the Commonwealth and helped Virginia make it through the worst recession since the Great Depression. He also responded to the tragic shooting at Virginia Tech by strengthening Virginia’s background check system and pushing his legislature to do more to make communities safer.

In the Senate

Tim was elected to the Senate in 2012 as a can-do optimist skilled in bringing people together across old lines of party, race, or region. Tim has spent his time in the Senate focused on improving the lives of Virginians. He has made boosting job opportunities for everyone a top priority. As co-chair of the bipartisan Career and Technical Education (CTE) Caucus, Tim focuses on expanding access to job-training programs to ensure that students of all ages are prepared with the skills they need for the jobs of the modern economy. Tim has helped lead efforts in the Senate to reduce unemployment for military families and veterans. As a member of the Armed Services Committee, a Senator from one of the states most closely connected to the military, and the father of a Marine, Tim is focused on crafting smart defense strategy and reducing the risk of unnecessary war. He works to ensure that the military has the resources it needs to keep the country safe and that service members and veterans receive the benefits and care they have earned. He has also been the leading voice against Presidents starting wars without a vote by Congress. Tim believes that health care is a right, not something reserved just for those who can afford it, and has consistently pushed for reforms to expand access to quality care. This includes legislation to give Americans more options for affordable health insurance and to combat the opioid abuse epidemic. Tim serves on Senate Committees where he is able to work on those priorities every day for Virginians: the Armed Services; Budget; Foreign Relations; and Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committees. He is Ranking Member of the Armed Services Readiness Subcommittee and the Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia, and Counterterrorism.

Wife: Anne

Children: Nat, Woody, Annella

University of Missouri
Harvard Law School 1983

Sworn In: January 3, 2013



Full Name:  Timothy ‘Tim’ Michael Kaine

Gender:  Male

Family:  Wife: Anne; 3 Children: Nat, Woody, Annella

Birth Date:  02/26/1958

Birth Place:  Saint Paul, MN

Home City: Richmond, VA

Religion:  Catholic


JD, Harvard University School of Law, 1983

BA, Economics, University of Missouri, 1979


Washington, D.C. Office
231 Russell Senate Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20510
Phone: (202) 224-4024
Fax: (202) 228-6363

Manassas, Virginia office
9408 Grant Avenue, Suite 202
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone: (703) 361-3192
Fax: (703) 361-3198 G

Virginia Beach, Virginia office
222 Central Park Avenue Suite 120
Virginia Beach, VA 23462
Phone: (757) 518-1674
Fax: (757) 518-1679



Email: Government, Share your opinion

Web Links


Source: none

Election Results

2001 lieutenant gubernatorial election
Virginia Lieutenant gubernatorial Democratic primary, 2001[291]
DemocraticTim Kaine64,00839.66
DemocraticAlan Diamonstein50,75331.45
DemocraticJ. C. Jones46,64028.90
Total votes161,401
Virginia Lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2001[292][293]
DemocraticTim Kaine925,97450.35+5.30%
RepublicanJay K. Katzen883,88648.06-2.10%
LibertarianG. A. Reams28,7831.57N/A
Total votes1,839,133
Swing to Democratic from RepublicanSwing5.30
2005 gubernatorial election
Virginia gubernatorial election, 2005[294]
DemocraticTim Kaine1,025,94251.72%-0.44%
RepublicanJerry Kilgore912,32745.99%-1.04%
IndependentRuss Potts43,9532.22%
Democratic holdSwing
2012 U.S. Senate election
United States Senate election in Virginia, 2012[295]
DemocraticTim Kaine2,010,06752.83%+3.24%
RepublicanGeorge Allen1,785,54246.92%-2.28%
Total votes3,805,019′100.0%’N/A
Democratic hold
2016 vice presidential election
2016 United States vice presidential election
RepublicanMike Pence62,984,828 (popular votes)
305 electors
(30 states + ME−02)
46.1% (popular vote)
56.7% (electoral vote)
DemocraticTim Kaine65,853,514 (popular votes)
227 electors
(20 states + DC)
48.2% (popular vote)
42.2% (electoral vote)
2018 U.S. Senate election
2018 United States Senate election in Virginia[296]
DemocraticTim Kaine (incumbent)1,910,37057.00%+4.17%
RepublicanCorey Stewart1,374,31341.01%-5.91%
LibertarianMatt Waters61,5651.84%+1.84%
Total votes3,351,373′100%’N/A
Democratic hold


Source: Open Secrets


Tim’s Armed Services work focuses on crafting smart defense strategy in a changing world and has given him a platform to focus on the reduction of unemployment among veterans, especially Iraq- and Afghanistan-era veterans. His first enacted bill in the Senate established new standards to help active duty servicemembers attain civilian credentials for military skills to help them find jobs upon leaving the service. He has also introduced legislation to support military families and bring down the high unemployment rate among military spouses. In his Committee role, Tim has also worked to secure key Virginia priorities in defense bills, including the refueling and complex overhaul of the Norfolk-based U.S.S. George Washington. Tim has worked to secure funding for military construction projects in Virginia and continually advocated for the block buy of aircraft carriers to ensure our flexible fleet is ready to defend the nation. He has also pushed both the Obama and Trump Administrations to put forward a true cyber doctrine on how to defend our nation from future cyber attacks.

On the Budget Committee, Tim has used his experience making tough budget decisions in local and state office in Virginia to help advocate for Virginia’s priorities. A harsh critic of spending cuts that were painful for Hampton Roads and the entire Commonwealth, Tim helped broker a two-year budget deal to return some stability to the budget process and avoid crisis-to-crisis budgeting. Kaine has fought back against President Trump’s threats to cut or eliminate key Virginia priorities such as Chesapeake Bay restoration, the Appalachian Regional Commission, transportation grants, health care, and more.

On the Foreign Relations Committee, Tim works to enhance American diplomatic leadership. He believes that for far too long, Congress has abdicated its Constitutional responsibility and let Presidents declare war without legal authorization. For this reason, he has introduced several pieces of bipartisan legislation to review war powers and reassert Congress’ responsibility. In addition, Tim coauthored the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act, establishing the process for Congressional review of the diplomatic effort to block any Iranian nuclear weapons program. He is one of the Senate’s few members fluent in Spanish and previously served as honorary chairman of the US-Spain Council.

Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee

After a twenty-year career as a city council member, mayor, and governor, Tim is thrilled to be on the committee that focuses on education, health care, and jobs. As a member of the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee, Tim has pushed for bipartisan solutions to stabilize the health care marketplace and has worked to serve as an emergency brake on any attempts to repeal the Affordable Care Act and sabotage access to quality health care. He is working with the Committee on the upcoming rewrite of the Higher Education Act, where he will prioritize building a higher education system that values community college and technical education as much as four-year degrees. Building on his support for job training, Tim successfully got many of his provisions to strengthen Career and Technical Education (CTE) in the most recent K-12 education authorization act; these provisions include amendments to expand career counseling, modernize high schools with work-based learning opportunities, and designate CTE as a part of a well-rounded education along with traditional subjects including English, math, and science.

New Legislation

Source: Congress. Gov


Source: Government page

Economy & Jobs

Tim is focused on creating economic opportunity for all Virginians. He believes that by supporting small businesses, raising wages, improving education and workforce training, and investing in new industries, the United States will continue to be a global economic leader.

Tim supports raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour because he believes no family working full time should live in poverty. He believes all Americans should have access to good jobs that put them on the path to economic success, and he supports strengthening workforce training programs to help make that goal a reality. Drawing from his experience in Virginia, Honduras, and his dad’s ironworking shop, Tim has been a leader in the Senate on efforts to support skills-training programs that prepare workers for good-paying, in-demand jobs. Tim co-founded the bipartisan Career and Technical Education (CTE) Caucus and has championed legislation — including bills that have become law — to expand students’ access to high-quality CTE programs and help prepare American workers for jobs in the modern economy, including in the cybersecurity industry.

Tim sees small businesses as the drivers of job creation and economic growth in Virginia and across the nation. He supports policies to help them grow and thrive by increasing their access to capital and lowering barriers to entry for minority entrepreneurs. Tim has been an advocate for women- and minority-owned businesses as well as companies that provide opportunities for veterans, military families, and people with disabilities. He is a strong supporter of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and is concerned about the largest banks getting bigger while the number of small community banks continues to decline. Tim has supported a bill to prevent this consolidation and expand consumer protections for servicemembers, veterans, those with impaired credit, seniors, and people hurt by data breaches. This legislation will help Virginians in rural and underserved communities secure loans to buy a home, send their kids to college, and start small businesses.

Tim has long supported smart tax reforms that provide relief to middle-class families and make the tax code fairer and simpler.

Virginia has served as a model for the nation by prioritizing investments in education and workforce training, as well as embracing global fair trade, which led to the international expansion of Virginia businesses. Tim believes that we can strengthen America’s economic recovery and create jobs by embracing the growth strategies that have worked in the Commonwealth. Tim served as Governor of Virginia during the worst recession since the Great Depression. Throughout his term, Virginia maintained one of the lowest unemployment rates in the nation, and Tim helped recruit several major employers to move to the Commonwealth. During his tenure as Governor, Virginia was named the best state for business in America.


Tim is a strong advocate for Virginia’s farmers. Agriculture and forestry comprise the largest industry in the Commonwealth, contributing $91 billion to the economy and supporting more than 334,000 jobs. He supports a robust farm safety net, protecting our natural resources, and defending federal nutrition assistance that helps the neediest among us.
Tim was a major proponent of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, which included a Warner-Kaine sponsored measure to legalize industrial hemp production and clearly define hemp as an agricultural commodity. The legislation also included provisions to strengthen crop insurance, maintain the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance (SNAP) program and other nutrition aid, advance partnerships with farmers to reduce runoff in impaired watersheds like the Chesapeake Bay, expand agricultural export markets, and bolster local food networks to allow more businesses and consumers to buy from local farmers. Tim has stood up for Virginia’s farmers throughout his time in the Senate, working on efforts to lift the unfair Chinese ban on Virginia poultrythat has persisted on and offand supporting reauthorization of the Export-Import Bank, which helps small and mid-sized Virginia farmers and agricultural exporters sell their goods abroad. Tim has also worked to secure federal funding for agricultural research, so that top institutions like Virginia Tech and Virginia State University can continue to develop new, effective methods of farming.
From his time as Governor, Tim has worked to defend the Chesapeake Bay, a cornerstone of Virginia’s economy that supports the tourism, recreation, and seafood aquaculture industries.


Tim believes that we must improve access to quality education if we want to prepare students and workers for success in the modern economy. He supports smart investments in education — from early childhood education to college and workforce training — and has learned through years of experience in Virginia that no one path is right for everyone. Drawing from his years working in his dad’s ironworking shop and his experience teaching in Honduras, a key focus of Tim’s work in public service has been strengthening career and technical education (CTE) programs that teach students skills to succeed in high-demand, good-paying jobs.

Tim believes a well-educated population is the key to having the most talented nation on earth. Under Tim’s leadership as Governor, Virginia’s innovative investments in education turned the Commonwealth into a magnet for talent. Through decades of experience, Tim learned that a huge part of remaining an attractive location for emerging industries and expanding businesses is having a skilled workforce.

To return America to the top country in the world for education, Tim supports reforms like making Pre-K universal for all three and four year olds, strengthening our K-12 public schools, supporting high-quality teachers and school leaders, renewing our focus on career and technical education, and dramatically reducing the cost of college. As Governor, he expanded the number of children enrolled in Pre-K by nearly 40 percent and helped expand the number of college and university facilities in Virginia to attract top students and faculty. In 2007, under Tim’s leadership, Education Week ranked Virginia the state where a child was most likely to succeed.
In the Senate, Tim has made improving America’s education system a central focus of his work, playing an instrumental role in the bipartisan Senate education reform bill, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). This legislation decreased the emphasis on standardized testing and gave states more flexibility. It also included provisions Tim wrote to help prevent sexual assault and improve access to K-12 career and technical education programs. Tim is a founder and co-chair of the Senate CTE Caucus, which promotes improving access to career and technical education programs to ensure students of all ages are prepared with the skills they need for the jobs of the 21st century. Tim knows that not everyone’s path to a successful career will or should go through a four-year college, and he is working to expand the critical role CTE and workforce training programs play in growing our economy. In addition to his provisions enacted into law, Tim has sponsored several pieces of legislation to raise the quality of CTE programs at schools in Virginia and across the country.

Tim is concerned about the overwhelming burden of student loan debt on millions of Americans, and he’s supported policies to expand access to affordable higher education, improve financial aid, offer loan forgiveness for public service workers, and help students understand their debt obligations upfront. An estimated 56% of Virginia college students graduate with student debt. Key parts of Tim’s legislation to give public servants like service members and teachers the debt relief they earned passed into law in 2018. And at Tim’s request, the Biden Administration implemented further reforms in 2021 to ensure that public servants are able to get the loan forgiveness they were promised and earned and he will continue pushing for solutions so Americans are not held back by mountains of debt.

Energy & Environment

Tim believes that America’s energy production should always be trending in the direction of a cleaner tomorrow than today.

From the Chesapeake Bay to the Cumberland Gap, Virginia’s great outdoors are a priceless treasure that Tim is determined to safeguard for future generations to enjoy. Tim has long been an outspoken leader in support of clean energy and policies to combat climate change. As Governor, Tim put in place the Commonwealth’s first comprehensive clean energy plan. Tim believes the country that won World War II and the race to put a man on the moon should be able to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. He supports investing in renewable energy, including offshore wind and solar, which would create new jobs and make Virginia a leader in clean energy development. Tim believes that by advancing an energy strategy that moves us from carbon-heavy to low-carbon, we can reduce pollution, bolster our national security, and create American jobs that cannot be outsourced.

After hearing concerns from local communities and the Department of Defense, Tim announced his opposition to opening Virginia’s coast to offshore oil and gas drilling. Tim has spoken out against offshore drilling, as it could threaten military assets in Hampton Roads as well as the environment and tourism industry.

Virginia faces a unique set of challenges because of its coastal exposure to sea level rise caused by climate change, and Tim is committed to reducing this risk. In the Senate, Tim has been a leader on efforts to combat sea level rise and flooding in Hampton Roads, which threaten readiness at local military installations and homes in the surrounding communities. Tim introduced the BUILD Resilience Act, which would spur investments in resilient infrastructure to reduce the risk of climate effects like flooding and extreme storms to communities like Hampton Roads. He has also introduced the EMBRACE Act to authorize the Department of Defense (DOD) to carry out stormwater management projects at military installations to improve resilience at the facilities while protecting waterways and stormwater impacted ecosystems, such as those that feed into the Chesapeake Bay. He has also been an advocate for protecting the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia’s National Parks like Shenandoah, its National Wildlife Refuges like Chincoteague, and its truly unique places like Tangier Island.

Tim respects the role coal production has historically played in traditional coal communities in Southwest Virginia, and as Governor, he supported the construction of the state-of-the-art Virginia City Hybrid Energy Center in Wise County, one of the most advanced clean coal plants in the United States. He recognizes the sacrifice coal miners have made over a lifetime of dangerous work, and he is fighting on behalf of them in the Senate so they receive their hard-earned pensions and health benefits. Tim has supported clean coal research funding that could help revitalize Southwest Virginia’s economy, and he has co-sponsored legislation to stimulate large-scale federal and private sector investment to reduce carbon pollution through advanced clean coal technologies.

Tim has also pushed for robust funding for heating assistance programs. He has continually joined colleagues of both parties to urge the President and Senate appropriators to boost funding for the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP), two programs that play an important role in providing vulnerable populations and low-income households with affordable home energy.

Transportation & Infrastructure

Tim supports major improvements to our nation’s infrastructure that would create jobs and improve daily life for families across Virginia. In the Senate, he has successfully pushed to pass the Bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which makes a significant federal investment to improve roads, bridges, rail (including Metro), water, and broadband. The package also includes Tim’s legislation to expand skills training to ensure we have a workforce ready to fill the jobs to complete this infrastructure plan.

Tim has pushed for federal funding for transportation projects across the Commonwealth and has helped secure grants for major projects like the I-95 Atlantic Gateway multimodal project, a new interstate connector at Norfolk International Terminal, the long overdue replacement of the traffic-clogged Chesapeake Deep Creek Bridge, and rehabilitation of the I-64 Delta Frame Bridges.

Tim recognizes how vital Metro is to Northern Virginia and has pushed for reforms to improve Metro safety and service while making sure the federal government lives up to its funding commitments. Tim has worked to strengthen federal safety oversight authority over Metro, leading bipartisan legislation to enact the Metro Safety Commission, a tough new safety oversight body with the legal authority to mandate long overdue safety and operational changes to the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). In 2017, Tim played a key role in securing $227 million to fix the aging Arlington Memorial Bridge, a critical investment for Northern Virginia commuters and visitors to Virginia and Washington, D.C. that saved the bridge from closing.

Many states would consider themselves fortunate to have either a major international airport or a major international seaport, but Virginia is blessed with both. Making the Port of Virginia and Dulles International Airport all that they can be has been a top priority of Tim’s. He has worked to advance transformative projects at the Port like the Craney Island Eastward Expansion, which will nearly double its cargo capacity, and dredging of Norfolk Harbor to depths that will attract the largest post-Panamax container ships. He has also worked to secure federal funds through HUD and the Army Corps of Engineers for flood-resilient infrastructure to protect the Port, Naval Station Norfolk, and Hampton Roads from sea level rise and recurrent flooding. At Dulles, he has teamed up with the Virginia delegation to secure funds for more Customs and Border Protection officers that will reduce long lines at customs and security, and he has pushed back against changes to the Reagan National slot and perimeter rule policies that would negatively impact Dulles and could increase airplane noise in the neighborhoods surrounding National.

As Governor of Virginia, Tim made infrastructure investment a top priority. He played a key role in making Metro’s Silver Line to Dulles a reality and advanced critical projects like the Norfolk Tide light-rail system and Amtrak service to Lynchburg, which in 2017 was extended to Roanoke. Tim understands that these are the kinds of smart investments that help our economy grow and thrive. He will continue being a strong advocate for fixing our roads, bridges, and rail systems to create jobs, improve the daily lives of commuters, and fuel economic growth in the Commonwealth.


Tim believes that health care is a right. He remains committed to protecting the Affordable Care Act and improving the health care system to give all Americans access to quality, affordable health care. As a member of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee, he’s introduced legislation to give Americans more options for affordable health insurance, lower the cost of prescription drugs, and combat the opioid epidemic.

Tim supports giving Americans more options for affordable health insurance, and he has co-authored a proposal to do just that: Medicare-X. Medicare-X would create a low-cost public option for health care, available in every ZIP code, allowing Americans to choose between the existing private insurance plans or a public one. Medicare-X would build on the Medicare framework of doctors to establish a public insurance plan offered on the individual and small business health exchanges. The Medicare-X plan initially would be available in areas where there is a shortage of insurers or higher health care costs due to less competition—including rural communities—then expand to every ZIP code in the country.

Tim believes we must do more to lower health care costs while improving the quality of care through promoting preventive care and effectively using technology, like telehealth.
Tim is a strong supporter of Medicare and Medicaid — critical programs that provide health care and economic security to seniors, people with disabilities, and the most vulnerable Americans. He has been a vocal supporter of Medicaid expansion in Virginia, which provided hundreds of thousands of people with access to care.

He has also introduced bipartisan legislation to help combat Alzheimer’s disease and support caregivers who sacrifice so much to help their loved ones.

Tim has championed bipartisan legislation to fund pediatric cancer research, named in honor of Gabriella Miller of Loudoun County, a powerful advocate for pediatric research who passed away from a brain tumor at the age of 10. The bill became law in 2014 and has already provided $50 million for the Pediatric Research Initiative Fund.

Tim has led the fight to protect young people from harmful tobacco products and successfully passed legislation raising the federal tobacco purchase age from 18 to 21.

He has also introduced and successfully pushed for Senate passage of the Dr. Lorna Breen Health Care Provider Protection Act, legislation to prevent burnout, suicide, and mental and behavioral health issues among health care workers. The bill was named after a Charlottesville-born physician who died by suicide in April 2020 while working on the frontlines of the pandemic in New York. It was signed into law by President Biden on March 18, 2022.

Tim is also closely focused on the drug and opioid epidemic affecting communities across Virginia and the nation. From the coalfields in Southwest Virginia to the suburbs in Fairfax County, he has heard from families who have lost children to drug overdoses, law enforcement officers who are facing increases in drug-related crimes, and businesses who struggle to find workers who can pass a drug test. He has worked to pass legislation to help reduce opioid overdose deaths through improved access to the life-saving drug naloxone, and to incorporate job training into drug addiction recovery programs.

Global Affairs

National Security & Foreign Policy

As a member of the Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees, Tim has been a leader on foreign policy and military issues in the Senate. He is committed to providing the best quality resources to our servicemembers and their families, protecting Americans from national security threats, and strengthening relationships with international partners.

Tim believes in striving for diplomatic solutions to conflicts and maintaining a commitment to our values of freedom, democracy, and human rights. He is committed to strengthening America’s national security through a balance of our military, economic, and diplomatic tools. In his role on the Armed Services Committee and as the father of a Marine, Tim believes there is no decision more serious than to send our troops into harm’s way, and his goal is to minimize the risk of unnecessary war and maximize the chance that the United States will decisively win any war we must fight.

Tim has been the leading voice in Congress raising concerns over Presidents’ efforts to expand the use of military force without congressional authorization. He has worked across the aisle to improve the way the President and Congress consult on matters of war and the initiation of U.S. military action. In February 2020, the Senate passed his bipartisan war powers resolution to prevent further escalation of hostilities with Iran without congressional authorization by a vote of 55-45. Tim has also introduced bipartisan legislation to revise the War Powers Resolution of 1973, repeal the 2002 Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) that authorized the Iraq War, and replace the open-ended 2001 AUMF with a narrower authorization.

Through his role on the Armed Services Committee, Tim has discussed with senior military officials the need for a coherent U.S. cyber strategy in order to deter foreign adversaries from conducting cyber-attacks on the U.S. Tim has recognized that part of this strategy includes ensuring that we have a robust cyber workforce in place to defend the nation in both the private and public sectors. Virginia is a center for the nation’s cyber workforce, with the second highest concentration of tech workers in the U.S., the largest concentration of data centers in the world, and is home to key federal agencies. To help strengthen this critical workforce, Tim has introduced and passed into law several pieces of legislation—including the DoD Cyber Scholarship Program Act and the Cyber Scholarship Opportunities Act—to make more scholarships available for students, particularly at community colleges, in exchange for a service requirement in the cyber field for the government.

Virginia is one of the most militarily connected states in the country, and Tim knows that the Commonwealth plays a huge role in helping the nation meet our national security challenges. Tim is proud that Virginia is home to every service branch, including the largest naval station in the world, premier Army, Marine Corps and Air Force installations, and a robust Coast Guard presence. He has been instrumental in ensuring that our military installations have the resources they need to keep the country safe. Tim is committed to providing the best quality resources to servicemembers, military families, and veterans and has championed legislation to help remove barriers to employment for veterans and military spouses.


Voting Rights

Tim believes that voting is a fundamental right in our democracy that must be protected. He has long fought to protect voting rights and expand access to the ballot box.

He was extremely disappointed by the Supreme Court’s decisions in Shelby County v. Holder and Brnovich v. DNC to gut key provisions of the Voting Rights Act. For decades, the Voting Rights Act was responsible for dramatically increasing minority voting, and, in turn, minority representation. He has voiced concern that since the weakening of the law, many states have limited access to the ballot box by limiting weekend voting, closing voting locations, and stripping voter rolls.

In response, Tim led efforts to pass voting rights legislation in the Senate. He was a key negotiator of the Freedom to Vote Act, legislation he introduced to improve access to the ballot for Americans, advance commonsense election reforms, and protect our democracy from attacks. He is also an original cosponsor of the John Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act, which would restore safeguards against potential restrictive changes to voting rules.

Tim is also concerned about the use of partisan gerrymandering to disenfranchise minority voters and will continue be a strong advocate for nonpartisan redistricting.


Tim supports a smart and balanced approach to budgeting that funds our national defense, children’s health care, education, substance abuse prevention, and other key programs. He has become a leader in helping Congress come to bipartisan, multi-year spending agreements that fund these critical domestic priorities and the military.
Tim is a supporter of two-year budgeting, a process he used as Governor of Virginia, to help businesses and agencies plan ahead and save money. Since taking office, Tim has raised concerns about the negative effects crisis-to-crisis budgeting has on the nation’s economy. Senator Kaine has introduced legislation to end the threat of future government shutdowns and the senseless pain they inflict on federal employees. In 2019, Senator Kaine secured passage of legislation to guarantee back pay as soon as possible for federal workers who go without a paycheck during government shutdowns. Tim believes fiscal policy should not be determined by political brinksmanship, and he opposes across-the-board cuts that hurt key priorities like education and health care, hampering our economic growth. Tim will continue to fight back against any efforts to slash funding for Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security — programs that offer a critical lifeline for seniors, people with disabilities, and the most vulnerable Americans. Tim is committed to finding common ground on budget reforms that strengthen the economy and improve our nation’s fiscal outlook over the long run. Tim supports reforms to the tax code that put middle-class families and small businesses first. He is pushing for legislation to close loopholes that allow large corporations and millionaires and billionaires to pay lower tax rates than working families.

Human Rights

Civil Rights

As a former civil rights attorney, Tim has spent his career fighting for the rights of all Americans. He and his wife Anne have dedicated their careers to making Virginia a place that provides equal opportunity for everyone, and he’ll keep fighting in Congress until the federal government ensures equal voting rights, equal pay, and protection against discrimination no matter one’s race, sex, nation of origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, or age.

As Senator, Tim has pushed to ensure the protection of fundamental freedoms for all Americans. He has worked to protect minority groups from discrimination in housing, the workplace, and education. He is committed to ensuring equal treatment for all Americans under the law. Concerned by the lack of recognition of African American history, Tim led efforts to propose a commission commemorating 400 years of African American history in the United States. Tim partnered with the NAACP, Congressman Bobby Scott, and a bipartisan group of Senators to announce legislation to create this commission, which passed into law in 2017.

As Governor, he promoted equal protection by banning discrimination against state employees on the basis of race, sex, color, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, age, political affiliation, veteran status or disability.

Women’s Rights

Tim has been a strong voice for women’s equality. He believes we must permanently end a culture where a woman who speaks out faces doubt or retribution about experiences with sexism, harassment, and assault. Tim has pledged his support for women everywhere who fear coming forward. He has called on the Senate to hold hearings on sexual harassment and assault in the workplace and successfully called for the public release of data on the Senate’s sexual harassment claims and settlements.

Tim believes our nation is not doing nearly enough to address the fact that women still do not have an equal role in many areas of our society. Tim co-sponsored the Paycheck Fairness Act because he strongly believes men and women must be paid equally for the same work. The current inequity amounts to hundreds of thousands of dollars lost over a woman’s lifetime. As every dollar counts for families trying to make ends meet, gender-based discrimination harms the well-being of families and households — which depend on the wages of working mothers as well as working fathers — across the country.

He also co-sponsored the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), which was signed into law in 2013 and remains a consistent supporter of reauthorization efforts. As Lieutenant Governor and Governor, he made it a priority to update laws on sexual violence and improve the treatment of survivors.

Tim supports the constitutional right of women to make their own reproductive choices. He opposes efforts to weaken Roe v. Wade and defund Planned Parenthood, an organization that 30,000 Virginians rely on for health care. He is a cosponsor of the Women’s Health Protection Act to protect and strengthen women’s access to abortion services and codify Roe v. Wade’s protections. He is also an original cosponsor of legislation to restore the contraceptive coverage requirement guaranteed by the Affordable Care Act.

Public Safety

Criminal Justice Reform

Tim has worked hard to improve the criminal justice system and strengthen police relationships with local communities. He is concerned about persisting racial inequalities in the criminal justice system and believes Congress must do more to address them. In the Senate, Tim has supported the Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act, a bipartisan compromise bill to reduce over-incarceration and improve community safety by reforming “three-strike” laws and expanding access to rehabilitation and reentry programs. Tim believes our nation must improve the way it treats mental illness and addiction so those who need treatment do not end up in local jails that lack the resources necessary to deliver care.

Tim believes that by investing in education and skills-training opportunities for those in the federal, state, and local prison systems, society can help reduce repeat offenses and give formerly incarcerated individuals a chance at a successful life. He is an advocate for drug courts and programs that emphasize treatment over incarceration for non-violent drug offenders. He has also worked to strengthen financial protections for men and women seeking to reenter society after leaving prison, urging the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) to protect inmates from predatory practices.

Preventing Gun Violence

Tim is a strong supporter of commonsense steps to reduce gun violence. In the Senate, he has been a leading voice calling on his colleagues to listen to the overwhelming majority of Americans and finally pass legislation that will make communities safer.

Tim and Senator Warner introduced the Virginia Plan to Reduce Gun Violence Act, a comprehensive package that would enact the commonsense gun safety provisions passed by the Virginia General Assembly in 2020 at the federal level. Tim voted to pass the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act, landmark legislation to reduce gun violence, which was signed into law in June 2022. The bill included similar provisions from his Virginia Plan, such as improving background checks, strengthening safeguards for victims of domestic violence, and incentivizing states to implement laws to temporarily remove firearms from individuals who pose a high risk of harming themselves or others.

Tim has also cosponsored legislation to hold gun manufacturers accountable and close loopholes that allow domestic abusers to legally obtain weapons. Tim supported changes that were passed into law to strengthen the background record check system and allow the CDC to conduct research on gun violence, but he believes Congress must take further action.

As Governor, Tim helped strengthen the background record check system following the tragic shooting at Virginia Tech. As Mayor of Richmond, he helped bring down the city’s rate of gun violence and homicide. Tim has met with students, parents, and teachers across Virginia to listen to their concerns about gun violence, and he will continue calling for legislation that addresses this epidemic.

Veterans & Military Families

Tim has made it a top priority in the Senate to support veterans, servicemembers, and their families. He’s been a leader on efforts to reduce unemployment for veterans and military spouses and ensure those who serve our nation receive the health care and benefits they were promised.

There is no state more closely connected to the military than Virginia. The map of the Commonwealth is rich with military history: Yorktown, Appomattox, the Pentagon, and more than 20 military installations. With over 700,000 veterans residing in the Commonwealth, Virginia has one of the highest state populations of veterans in America. Tim has fought to ensure veterans receive timely access to good health care and benefits. He has introduced legislation to improve veterans’ access to care, help Vietnam veterans harmed by Agent Orange, and address serious problems facing the Department of Veterans Affairs. He has also introduced a bill to address opioid overmedication that affects veterans struggling with pain medication so that they can receive safer, more effective pain management services through the VA.

The first piece of legislation Tim introduced in the Senate – the Troop Talent Act of 2013 – was a bill to ease the transition for servicemembers into the civilian workforce. After hearing from veterans across Virginia who could not get hired despite expertise they had gained through military training, Tim wrote this bipartisan bill to help address the challenge. The Troop Talent Act helped align the skills servicemembers acquired in the military with certifications or licenses to make it easier for them to be hired in the civilian workforce. Key provisions of the Troop Talent Act have been signed into law. Tim has also introduced legislation to improve the quality of educational programs for servicemembers and veterans to help them compete and succeed in the workforce after their service.

Tim believes Congress has a duty to support military families, who sacrifice so much for the nation. After meeting with military families across Virginia, Tim learned that one of the biggest concerns facing military spouses is the toll frequent moves and unexpected transfers have on a spouse’s ability to find work and maintain a career. Tim recognizes that this causes financial insecurity for families, hurting our troops’ ability to do their jobs. To help tackle the problem, Tim has introduced several bills—including the Military Spouse Employment Act and the Jobs and Childcare for Military Families Act—to reduce military spouse unemployment and support military families. Key provisions of these bills have been passed and signed into law. Tim believes that by expanding hiring and career opportunities, improving access to continuing education programs, ensuring military families can find affordable child care, and providing better transition and employment resources for military spouses, Congress can better ensure the military is ready to accomplish its mission.


Tim is proud that the United States is a nation of immigrants. Since the nation’s founding, those who have come to this country from around the world have been integral to our society. Virginia is home to over one million immigrants, making up 13% of the Commonwealth’s population. Immigrants also constitute 17% of Virginia’s workforce. Their skills and hard work are critical in ensuring that the United States and our Commonwealth continue to grow and prosper.

Tim knows that for far too long, our outdated and broken immigration system has kept millions of people who contribute to the United States living in the shadows of our society.

In 2013, Tim supported the Senate’s comprehensive immigration reform bill, bipartisan legislation that would have created a better legal immigration system to meet America’s labor and family needs, enhance border security, and create a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants. Tim delivered the Senate’s first ever floor speech in Spanish making the case for this comprehensive bill.

Tim has also been a leading voice in Congress on the importance of protecting Temporary Protected Status (TPS) recipients who are living in the U.S. after being displaced by dangerous conditions in their home countries. Over 22,000 TPS holders live in Virginia as of March 2021. Tim has cosponsored legislation to give TPS recipients the opportunity to become permanent residents of the United States.

Tim is committed to ensuring that Dreamers can keep contributing to the nation that they grew up in and love. He has called on the Biden Administration to take meaningful action to address the processing delays and backlog for DACA program applicants. Tim is also a strong supporter of the Dream Act, which would protect Dreamers from deportation and create a path to citizenship.

More Information


Source: Government page












Staff Directory

Source: Government page


Timothy Michael Kaine (/kn/ KAYN; born February 26, 1958) is an American lawyer and politician serving as the junior United States senator from Virginia since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 70th governor of Virginia from 2006 to 2010, and as the 38th lieutenant governor of Virginia from 2002 to 2006. Kaine was the Democratic nominee for vice president of the United States in the 2016 election as Hillary Clinton‘s running mate.

Born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Kaine grew up in Overland Park, Kansas, graduated from the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, and earned a Juris Doctor degree from Harvard Law School before entering private practice and becoming a lecturer at the University of Richmond School of Law. He was first elected to public office in 1994, when he won a seat on the Richmond City Council. He was elected mayor of Richmond in 1998 and held that position until being elected lieutenant governor of Virginia in 2001. Kaine was elected governor of Virginia in 2005 and held that office from 2006 to 2010. He chaired the Democratic National Committee from 2009 to 2011.

On July 22, 2016, Hillary Clinton introduced Kaine as her vice-presidential running mate. The 2016 Democratic National Convention nominated him on July 27. Despite winning a plurality of the national popular vote, the Clinton–Kaine ticket lost the Electoral College, and therefore the election, to the Republican ticket of Donald Trump and Mike Pence on November 8, 2016. Kaine was reelected to a second Senate term in 2018, defeating Republican Corey Stewart.

Early life and education

Apartment building where the Kaine family lived when he was born

Kaine was born at Saint Joseph’s Hospital in St. Paul, Minnesota. He is the eldest of three sons[1][2] born to Mary Kathleen (née Burns), a home economics teacher, and Albert Alexander Kaine Jr., a welder and the owner of a small iron-working shop.[2][3][4] He was raised Catholic.[2] One of Kaine’s great-grandparents was Scottish and the other seven were Irish.[3][5][6] Kaine’s family moved to Overland Park, Kansas, when Kaine was two years old, and he grew up in the Kansas City area.[7] In 1976, he graduated from Rockhurst High School, a Jesuit all-boys preparatory school in Kansas City, Missouri.[1][8] At Rockhurst, Kaine joined the debate team and was elected student body president.[2]

Kaine received his Bachelor of Arts in economics from the University of Missouri in 1979, completing his degree in three years and graduating Omicron Delta Kappa and summa cum laude.[1][2] He was a Coro Foundation fellow in Kansas City in 1978.[9] He entered Harvard Law School in 1979, interrupting his law studies after his first year to work in Honduras[10][11][a] for nine months from 1980 to 1981, helping Jesuit missionaries who ran a Catholic school in El Progreso.[7][14] While running a vocational center that taught carpentry and welding, he also helped increase the school’s enrollment by recruiting local villagers.[2] Kaine is fluent in Spanish as a result of his time in Honduras.[14]

After returning from Honduras, Kaine met his future wife, first-year Harvard Law student Anne Holton.[2] He graduated from Harvard Law School with a J.D. degree in 1983.[15] Kaine and Holton moved to Holton’s hometown of Richmond, Virginia, after graduation,[2] and Kaine was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1984.[8]

Legal career and Richmond City Council

After graduating from law school, Kaine was a law clerk for Judge R. Lanier Anderson III of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, in Macon, Georgia.[8] He then joined the Richmond law firm of Little, Parsley & Cluverius, P.C.[8] In 1987, Kaine became a director of the law firm of Mezzullo & McCandlish, P.C.[8] He practiced law in Richmond for 17 years, specializing in fair housing law and representing clients discriminated against on the basis of race or disability.[16] He was a board member of the Virginia chapter of Housing Opportunities Made Equal, which he represented in a landmark redlining discrimination lawsuit against Nationwide Mutual Insurance Co. arising from the company’s practices in Richmond.[17][18] Kaine won a $100.5 million verdict in the case; the judgment was overturned on appeal, and Kaine and his colleagues negotiated a $17.5 million settlement.[18]

Kaine did regular pro bono work.[17] In 1988, he started teaching legal ethics as an adjunct professor at the University of Richmond School of Law.[8][16] Kaine taught at the University of Richmond for six years; his students included future Virginia attorney general Mark Herring.[16][19] He was a founding member of the Virginia Coalition to End Homelessness.[17]

Kaine had a largely apolitical childhood, but he became interested in politics in part due to the influence of his wife’s family and his experience attending Richmond city council meetings.[7] In 1994, he was elected the 2nd district member of the city council of the independent city of Richmond, defeating incumbent city councilor Benjamin P.A. Warthen by 97 votes.[20][21] He took his seat on July 1 and retained the position until September 10, 2001, when he resigned; William J. Pantele was appointed to succeed him.[22][23][24] Kaine spent four terms on the city council, the latter two as mayor of Richmond.[16][25]

Mayor of Richmond (1998–2001)

On July 1, 1998, Kaine was elected mayor of Richmond, succeeding Larry Chavis.[26][27] He was chosen by an 8 to 1 vote[21] on the majority-black Richmond City Council,[b] becoming the city’s first white mayor in more than ten years,[23][25] which was viewed as a surprise.[26] Rudy McCollum, an African American city councilor also interested in the mayoralty, decided to back Kaine after a private meeting between the two, clearing the way for Kaine to win the election.[21] Previous mayors had treated the role as primarily ceremonial,[28] with the city manager effectively operating the city; Kaine treated it as a full-time job, taking a more hands-on role.[26]

As mayor, Kaine used a sale-leaseback arrangement to obtain funds to renovate the historic Maggie L. Walker High School and reopen it in 2000 as a magnet governor’s school, the Maggie L. Walker Governor’s School for Government and International Studies, which “now serves the top students in Central Virginia”.[29] Three elementary schools and one middle school were also built in Richmond under Kaine.[30] Along with Commonwealth’s attorney David Hicks, U.S. attorney James Comey, and police chief Jerry Oliver, Kaine was a supporter of Project Exile, an initiative that shifted gun crimes to federal court, where defendants faced harsher sentences.[26] Though controversial, the effort was effective and achieved widespread support; the city’s homicide rate fell by 55% during Kaine’s mayoralty.[26][31] Kaine touted Project Exile during his 2001 campaign for lieutenant governor.[30][31]

On several occasions, Kaine voted against tax increases, and supported a tax abatement program for renovated buildings, which was credited for a housing renovation boom in the city.[26] Forbes magazine named Richmond one of “the 10 best cities in America to do business” during Kaine’s term.[32]

According to John Moeser, a professor emeritus of urban studies and planning at Virginia Commonwealth University and later a visiting fellow at the University of Richmond‘s Center for Civic Engagement, Mayor Kaine “was energetic, charismatic and, most important, spoke openly about his commitment to racial reconciliation in Richmond.”[26] The New York Times wrote that Kaine “was by all accounts instrumental in bridging the city’s racial divide.”[18] In the early part of his term, Kaine issued an apology for the city’s role in slavery;[30][33] the apology was generally well received as “a genuine, heartfelt expression”.[30] In the latter part of his term, a contentious debate took place over the inclusion of a portrait of Confederate general Robert E. Lee in a set of historic murals to be placed on city floodwalls.[21][27] Many African Americans were outraged that Lee would appear on city walls, while Southern heritage groups demanded that the picture remain.[21] Kaine proposed a compromise in which Lee would appear as part of a series of murals that also included figures like Abraham Lincoln and Powhatan Beaty.[21] His stance drew criticism from the NAACP; Kaine argued that placing Lee on the floodwall made sense in context, and that “Much of our history is not pleasant; you can’t whitewash it.”[18][27] Kaine’s proposal passed the council on a 6–3 vote.[21]

During his mayoralty, Kaine drew criticism for spending $6,000 in public funds on buses to the Million Mom March, an anti-gun-violence rally in Washington, D.C.; after a backlash, he raised the money privately and reimbursed the city.[34]

Lieutenant governor of Virginia (2002–2006)

Kaine in an F-14 Tomcat while touring a naval base in 2003

Kaine ran for lieutenant governor of Virginia in 2001. He joined the race after state senator Emily Couric dropped out due to pancreatic cancer and endorsed Kaine as her replacement.[35] In the Democratic primary election, Kaine ran against state delegate Alan A. Diamonstein of Newport News, and state delegate Jerrauld C. Jones of Norfolk.[36] Kaine won the nomination, with 39.7% of the vote to Diamonstein’s 31.4% and Jones’s 28.9%.[37]

In the general election, Kaine won with 925,974 votes (50.35%), edging out his Republican opponent, state delegate Jay Katzen, who received 883,886 (48.06%).[38] Libertarian Gary Reams received 28,783 votes (1.57%).[38]

Kaine was inaugurated on January 12, 2002, and was sworn in by his wife Anne Holton, a state judge.[39]

Governor of Virginia (2006–2010)


Kaine at the Covington
Labor Day Parade in Virginia, September 4, 2006

In 2005, Kaine ran for governor of Virginia against Republican candidate Jerry W. Kilgore, a former state attorney general. Kaine was considered an underdog for most of the race,[40] trailing in polls for most of the campaign.[41] Two September polls showed Kaine trailing Kilgore—by four percentage points in a Washington Post poll and by one point in a Mason-Dixon/Roanoke Times poll.[42][43] The final polls of the race before the election showed Kaine slightly edging ahead of Kilgore.[41][44]

Kaine ultimately prevailed, winning 1,025,942 votes (51.7%) to Kilgore’s 912,327 (46.0%).[45] A third candidate, independent state Senator H. Russell Potts Jr., ran as an “independent Republican[46][47] and received 43,953 votes (2.2%).[45]

Kaine emphasized fiscal responsibility and a centrist message.[43][46] He expressed support for controlling sprawl and tackling longstanding traffic issues, an issue that resonated in the northern Virginia exurbs.[48] He benefited from his association with the popular outgoing Democratic governor, Mark Warner, who had performed well in traditionally Republican areas of the state.[42] On the campaign trail, Kaine referred to the “Warner-Kaine administration” in speeches and received Warner’s strong backing.[46][49] Kilgore later attributed his defeat to Warner’s high popularity and President George W. Bush‘s sharply declining popularity; Bush held a rally with Kilgore on the campaign’s final day.[44]

The campaign turned sharply negative in its final weeks, with Kilgore running television attack ads that falsely claimed that Kaine believed that “Hitler doesn’t qualify for the death penalty.”[50] The ads also attacked Kaine for his service ten years earlier as a court-appointed attorney for a death-row inmate.[51] The editorial boards of The Washington Post and a number of Virginia newspapers denounced the ads as a “smear” and “dishonest.”[50][51][52] Kaine responded with an ad “in which he told voters that he opposes capital punishment but would take an oath and enforce the death penalty. In later polls, voters said they believed Kaine’s response and were angered by Kilgore’s negative ads.”[53]

In the election, Kaine won by large margins in the Democratic strongholds such as Richmond and northern Virginia’s inner suburbs (such as Alexandria and Arlington), as well as in the Democratic-trending Fairfax County.[54][55] Kaine also won Republican-leaning areas in Northern Virginia’s outer suburbs, including Prince William County and Loudoun County, where George W. Bush had beat John Kerry in the previous year’s presidential election,[54] and performed “surprisingly well in Republican strongholds like Virginia Beach and Chesapeake.”[55] Kaine also defeated Kilgore in the burgeoning Richmond suburbs.[54] Kilgore led in southwest Virginia and in the Shenandoah Valley.[54]


Kaine was sworn in as governor at the colonial Capitol at Williamsburg, on January 14, 2006, the first governor since Thomas Jefferson to be inaugurated there.[16]

Kaine was chairman of the Southern Governors’ Association from 2008 to 2009.[56]

Democratic response to State of the Union address

On January 31, 2006, Kaine gave the Democratic response to President George W. Bush‘s 2006 State of the Union address. In it, he criticized the Bush administration’s No Child Left Behind Act for “wreaking havoc on local school districts”; criticized congressional Republicans for cutting student loan programs; and condemned as “reckless” Bush’s spending increases and tax cuts.[57] Kaine praised bipartisan initiatives in Virginia “to make record investments in education” and to improve veterans’ access to veterans’ benefits.[57] He criticized the Bush administration’s conduct of the Iraq War and treatment of U.S. soldiers, saying that “the American people were given inaccurate information about reasons for invading Iraq”; “our troops in Iraq were not given the best body armor or the best intelligence”; and “the administration wants to further reduce military and veterans’ benefits.”[57]

Energy, the environment, and conservation

As governor, Kaine protected 400,000 acres (1,600 km2) of Virginia land from development, fulfilling a promise he made in 2005.[58][59] His conservation efforts focused on conservation easements (voluntary easements that preserve the private ownership of a piece of land while also permanently protecting it from development); a substantial Virginia land preservation tax credit encouraged easements.[60] From 2004 to 2009, the Virginia Outdoors Foundation (a quasi-governmental entity set up in 1966 to preserve open land in the state) protected more land than it had in the previous 40 years, a fact Kaine touted as his term drew to a close.[60]

As governor, Kaine established the Climate Change Commission, a bipartisan panel to study climate change issues.[61] The panel was shuttered under Kaine’s Republican successor, Governor Robert F. McDonnell, but revived (as the Governor’s Climate Change and Resiliency Update Commission) under McDonnell’s successor, Democratic Governor Terry McAuliffe.[61][62]

In 2008, Kaine supported a coal-fired power plant project in Wise County, clashing with environmentalists who opposed the project.[63][64]

In 2009, Kaine expressed support for tighter restrictions on mountaintop removal coal mining imposed by the Obama administration.[65]

Healthcare and public health

In October 2006, Kaine signed an executive order banning smoking in all government buildings and state-owned cars as of January 1, 2007.[66] He signed legislation banning smoking in restaurants and bars, with some exceptions, in March 2009, making Virginia the first Southern state to do so.[dubiousdiscuss][67]

In 2007, the Republican-controlled Virginia General Assembly passed legislation, with “overwhelming bipartisan support”, to require girls to receive the HPV vaccine (which immunizes recipients against a virus that causes cervical cancer) before entering high school.[68][69] Kaine expressed “some qualms” about the legislation and pushed for a strong opt-out provision,[68] ultimately signing a bill that included a provision allowing parents to opt out of the requirement without citing a reason.[69]

In 2007, Kaine secured increases in state funding for nursing in the Virginia General Assembly and announced a 10% salary increase for nursing faculty above the normal salary increase for state employees, plus additional funds for scholarships for nursing master’s programs. The initiatives were aimed at addressing a shortage of practicing nurses.[70]

Virginia Tech shooting

After the 2007 Virginia Tech shooting, in which Seung-Hui Cho killed 32 people, Kaine appointed an eight-member Virginia Tech Review Panel,[71] chaired by retired Virginia State Police superintendent W. Gerald Massengill, to probe the event.[72][73] The commission members included specialists in psychology, law, forensics and higher education as well as former Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge.[72] The commission first met in May 2007,[72] and issued its findings and recommendations in August 2007.[71] Among other recommendations, the panel proposed many mental health reforms. Based on the panel’s recommendations, Kaine proposed $42 million of investment in mental health programs and reforms, included “boosting access to outpatient and emergency mental health services, increasing the number of case managers and improving monitoring of community-based providers.”[74] In April 2007, Kaine signed an executive order instructing state agencies to step up efforts to block gun sales to people involuntarily committed to inpatient and outpatient mental health treatment centers.[75] Kaine, who had been in Japan on a trade mission at the time of the shootings, received widespread praise for his quick return to the state and his handling of the issue.[76]

Budget and economy

Among Kaine’s greatest challenges as governor came during the 2008–09 economic crisis; The Washington Post wrote that “perhaps his greatest success was keeping the state running despite [the crisis].”[76] Amid the Great Recession, unemployment in Virginia remained lower than the national average.[77] During Kaine’s tenure as governor, the unemployment rate in Virginia rose from 3.2% to 7.4%, a smaller increase than the national rate, which rose from 4.7% to 9.9% during the same period.[77]

As governor, Kaine approved about $3.31 billion in general fund spending cuts, and after his term in office, the Virginia General Assembly adopted about $1.33 billion in additional budget cuts that Kaine had recommended, for a total of $4.64 billion in cuts.[78] The Washington Post wrote, “Unable to raise taxes and required by law to balance the budget, he was forced to make unpopular cuts that led to such things as shuttered highway rest stops and higher public university tuition.”[76] Virginia was one of three states to earn the highest grade in terms of management in a report by the nonpartisan Pew Center on the States.[79] Virginia took first place each year from 2006 to 2009 in Forbes magazine’s “Best States For Business” rankings.[79]

Infrastructure and transportation

Governor Kaine with U.S. senators
John Warner and George Allen

In July 2007, during the debate on the Silver Line of the Washington Metro through Tysons Corner, Kaine supported an elevated track solution rather than a tunnel, citing costs and potential delays that would put federal funding at risk.[80]

In 2006, Kaine pressed the general assembly to support a legislative package to ease severe traffic congestion by spending about $1 billion annually for highway construction, repairs to aging roads, mass transit, and other transportation projects. The money would be raised through increases in taxes and fees that would have raised an estimated $4 billion in revenue over four years.[81][82][83] The Democratic-controlled Senate supported the plan, but the Republican-controlled House was unwilling to approve the taxes necessary to carry out the project, and the effort failed even after a special session of the legislature was called over the stalemate.[84][85][86]

In 2007, Republicans in the General Assembly passed their own transportation-funding bill. Rather than a statewide tax increase to finance the transportation improvements, as Kaine and most legislative Democrats favored, the Republican bill called for transportation funding “to come from borrowing $2.5 billion and paying the debt costs out of the general fund”; authorized local tax increase in Northern Virginia; increased fees and taxes on rental cars, commercial real estate, and hotels; and increased traffic infraction fines and driver’s licenses fees.[87][88]

Kaine and most legislative Democrats opposed the Republican legislation, calling it inadequate to address traffic congestion and arguing that the withdrawal of funds from the general fund would affect core services such as health care, law enforcement, and education.[88][89] Kaine ultimately signed a bill with amendments reflecting “concerns by local government officials and a bipartisan group of lawmakers who were concerned that the plan took too much money from the state’s general fund.”[90]


Under Kaine, participation in Virginia in early childhood education increased by 40.2% due to his expansion of the Virginia Preschool Initiative, which makes pre-kindergarten more accessible to four-year-olds from households close to the poverty line.[91] Kaine sought increases to the budget for preschool programs every year during his term as governor.[91] Virginia was rated as the best state to raise a child in a 2007 report by Education Week and the Pew Center on the States.[79]

Cabinet and appointments

Kaine made the following appointments to his Virginia Governor’s Cabinet:[92]

As governor, Kaine made a number of appointments to the Virginia state courts. He made two appointments[c] to the Supreme Court of Virginia,[94] naming Chesapeake circuit judge S. Bernard Goodwyn to the Court in 2007[96] and Virginia Court of Appeals Judge LeRoy F. Millette Jr. in 2008.[93][d]

On September 27, 2007, just weeks after appointing Esam Omeish to the 20-member Virginia Commission on Immigration, Kaine learned that Omeish had made videos accusing Israel of genocide and calling for President Bush’s impeachment.[97] He immediately requested and received Omeish’s resignation and said that background checks would be more thorough in the future.[98]

Democratic National Committee chair (2009–2011)

In January 2009, Kaine became chair of the Democratic National Committee.[99][e] He had turned down the position the first time it was offered to him, expressing misgivings about accepting a partisan position,[25] but took the job at Obama’s request.[100] He took on the position as chair part-time as he continued his term as governor of Virginia.[101] Kaine’s main goals as DNC chair “were protecting the party’s seats in Congress during the 2010 midterms and integrating the president’s campaign apparatus, Organizing for America, and its technological acumen into the party machinery.”[102] In the 2010 midterms, the DNC under Kaine’s leadership outraised the Republican National Committee (RNC) by $30 million,[102] but Democrats lost control of the House and lost seats in the Senate amidst a Tea Party backlash. Kaine was not generally blamed for the losses.[102]

Kaine kept a low profile in the position in comparison to his counterpart, RNC chairman Michael Steele.[101][103] He focused more on fundraising and maintaining party unity than on attacking political opponents.[103]

In February 2011, after Kaine spoke to union leaders in Madison, Organizing for America got involved in Wisconsin’s budget battle and opposed Republican-sponsored anti-union legislation. It made phone calls, sent emails, and distributed messages via Facebook and Twitter to build crowds for rallies.[104]

After completing his term as governor in January 2010, Kaine taught part-time at the University of Richmond, teaching a course in spring 2010 at the Jepson School of Leadership Studies and another in fall 2010 at the University of Richmond School of Law.[105][106] He explained that he had chosen to teach at a private university rather than a public university “because it would not have been right for a sitting governor to be seeking employment at an institution when he writes the budget and appoints the board of the institution.”[107]

U.S. Senate



Tim Kaine and supporters, October 20, 2012

After Senator Jim Webb‘s decision not to seek reelection, Kaine announced on April 5, 2011, that he would run for Webb’s seat. He was initially reluctant to return to public office, but Webb, Senator Mark Warner, and other Virginia Democrats saw Kaine as the strongest potential Democratic candidate and convinced him to run.[35] Kaine named Lawrence Roberts as his campaign chairman.[108] Mike Henry was chosen as his campaign manager.[109] Kaine filmed announcement videos in English and Spanish[110][111] and was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.[112] He defeated former senator and governor George Allen in the general election.[113][114]


After the 2016 election, Kaine said he would run for reelection to the Senate in 2018. He expressed his desire to emulate John Warner, who represented Virginia in the Senate for 30 years.[115] He added that he would not run for president or vice president in the future.[115]

In his 2018 Senate campaign against Republican nominee and Trump ally Corey Stewart, Kaine had the endorsement of The Richmond Times-Dispatch, marking the first time in decades the paper had endorsed a Democrat.[116]

After taking an early lead in his race against Stewart, Kaine worked to support other Democrats who, in seven districts, were challenging incumbent Republicans for House seats.[117] Kaine defeated Stewart by more than 15 points.[118]


On January 20, 2023, Kaine announced his candidacy for reelection in 2024 at a press conference in Richmond. Members of the Democratic Party were relieved by the news, as they believed his retirement would have made the race much more competitive.[119][120] Kaine will face Republican Hung Cao in the general election.[121]


Kaine was sworn in on January 3, 2013, reuniting him with Mark Warner, the senior senator. Kaine was lieutenant governor when Warner was governor of Virginia.

On June 11, 2013, Kaine delivered a speech on the Senate floor in support of the bipartisan “Gang of Eight” immigration bill. The speech was entirely in Spanish, marking the first time a senator had ever made a speech on the Senate floor in a language other than English.[122]

Kaine speaking in 2016

As a member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Kaine pushed for a new congressional authorization of military force for the American operations against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).[123] Kaine supported the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran, though he also helped Republican senator Bob Corker hold a vote on a resolution of disapproval of the deal.[123] Kaine has taken several trips throughout the Middle East, meeting with the leaders of states such as Turkey and Israel.[123]

While in the Senate, Kaine has continued to teach part-time at the University of Richmond, receiving a salary of $16,000 per year.[124]

Kaine has voted with his party more than 90% of the time.[125][126] According to The Washington Post, Kaine has “crafted a largely progressive record as a senator.”[127] He reportedly has good relations with both Democratic and Republican senators.[128][129][130]

During the 2016 vice-presidential campaign, Kaine frequently criticized Donald Trump, saying that Trump “as commander-in-chief scares me to death” and had a “bizarre fascination with strongmen and authoritarian leaders”.[131] In 2017, after Trump took office, Kaine continued to criticize his “authoritarian tendencies”, citing his attacks on media, judges, and peaceful protesters.[131] At an event at George Mason University, Kaine said that with Trump in office, Americans “are in a ‘living experiment’ to see whether or not the Constitution still works to check executive power.”[132]

In February 2017, Kaine met with Pope Francis at a general audience at the Vatican. Kaine also met with the Jesuit Refugee Service to discuss refugees and met with Vatican officials to discuss Latin American issues.[133][134] The same month, Kaine delivered an address, “The Truman Doctrine at 70″, at London’s Chatham House.[134][135]

Committee assignments


In January 2014, Kaine and Senator Rob Portman established the bipartisan Senate Career and Technical Education Caucus (CTE Caucus), which focuses on vocational education and technical education.[136] Kaine and Portman co-chair the caucus.[137][138] In 2014, Kaine and Portman introduced the CTE Excellence and Equity Act to the Senate; the legislation would provide $500 million in federal funding, distributed by competitive grants, to high schools to further CTE programs.[139] The legislation, introduced as an amendment to the omnibus Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, would promote apprenticeships and similar initiatives.[139] Kaine and Portman introduced similar legislation, the Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Act, in 2017.[140]

Vice presidential candidacy

2008 speculation

Kaine announced his support for Barack Obama’s presidential bid in February 2007. It was maintained that Kaine’s endorsement was the first from a statewide elected official outside of Illinois.[141] Because Kaine was a relatively popular governor of a Southern state, there was media speculation that he was a potential nominee for vice president.[142] Obama had supported Kaine in his campaign for governor, saying, “Tim Kaine has a message of fiscal responsibility and generosity of spirit. That kind of message can sell anywhere.”[143] On July 28, 2008, Politico reported that Kaine was “very, very high” on Obama’s shortlist for vice president,[144] a list that also included Senator Hillary Clinton of New York, Governor Kathleen Sebelius of Kansas, Senator Evan Bayh of Indiana, and Senator Joe Biden of Delaware.[145] Obama ultimately selected Biden.[146] It was later reported that Obama told Kaine, in breaking the news to him, “You are the pick of my heart, but Joe [Biden] is the pick of my head”.[147] Obama later wrote that he had ultimately narrowed down the choice for his running mate to Kaine and Biden. He said, “At the time, I was much closer to Tim”,[148] but Obama and his advisers David Axelrod and David Plouffe wondered whether voters would accept a ticket of “two relatively young, inexperienced, and liberal civil rights attorneys” and Obama felt the contrast between him and Biden was a strength, and that Biden’s age and experience would reassure voters concerned that Obama was too young to be president.[149]

2016 campaign

Clinton/Kaine logo
Kaine at a rally in Manchester, New Hampshire, August 2016.
Kaine speaking at a campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona in November 2016.

Kaine endorsed Hillary Clinton for president in 2016 and campaigned actively for her in seven states during the primaries. He had been the subject of considerable speculation as a possible running mate for her, with several news reports indicating that he was at or near the top of Clinton’s list of people under consideration, alongside figures such as Elizabeth Warren and Julian Castro.[150][151]

The New York Times reported that Clinton’s husband, former president Bill Clinton, supported Kaine as his wife’s vice-presidential selection, noting his domestic and national security résumé.[152] On July 22, 2016, she announced Kaine would be her running mate in the election.[153] Clinton introduced Kaine as her choice in a joint appearance at a rally at Florida International University in Miami the next day.[154] The 2016 Democratic National Convention nominated him for vice president on July 27, 2016.[155]

Kaine was the first Virginian since Woodrow Wilson to be on a major-party ticket,[156] and the first Virginian to run for vice president on a major-party ticket since John Tyler in 1840; he was also the first senator or former senator from Virginia to be on a major-party ticket since Tyler.[157]

In accordance with longstanding political custom in the U.S., upon being nominated for vice president, Kaine publicly released his full tax returns for the previous ten years.[158][159] He also publicly released medical records; his physician, Brian P. Monahan, the Attending Physician of the United States Congress, wrote that Kaine was “in overall excellent health.”[160][161] In September Kaine published a campaign book co-authored with Clinton, Stronger Together.[162]

In Kaine’s preparations for the vice-presidential debate in October 2016, lawyer Robert Barnett played the role of Republican nominee Mike Pence.[163] (During Pence’s own debate preparations, Wisconsin governor Scott Walker played Kaine.)[164] Pence was criticized after the debate for not defending Trump’s comments,[165] while Kaine was criticized for being too aggressive and interrupting.[166] According to ABC News, Kaine interrupted 70 times during the debate, while Pence interrupted 40 times.[167]

Despite winning a plurality of the national popular vote, the Clinton-Kaine ticket lost the Electoral College, and thus the election, to the Trump-Pence ticket on November 8, 2016.[168] This is the only election Kaine has ever lost. Clinton-Kaine narrowly won Virginia, the only Southern state to vote for the Democratic ticket, a victory attributed in part to Kaine.[169]

Political positions

In terms of political ideology, FiveThirtyEight gives Kaine an average score of −37 (−100 is the most liberal, and 100 is the most conservative).[170] FiveThirtyEight characterizes him as a “mainstream Democrat” and notes that his ideology score is very similar to that of Joe Biden.[170] Three conservative groups—the American Conservative Union, the Club for Growth, and Heritage Action—gave Kaine 0% ratings in the few years before 2016,[171] while the liberal group Americans for Democratic Action gave Kaine a 90% rating in 2014.[172] The New York Times wrote that “in hyperpartisan Washington, he is often seen as a centrist” while also describing him as an “old-fashioned liberal…driven by Jesuit ideals.”[18]

Abortion, birth control, and sex education

Kaine, a Roman Catholic, personally opposes abortion,[173][174] but is “largely inclined to keep the law out of women’s reproductive decisions.”[173] He has said, “I’m a strong supporter of Roe v. Wade and women being able to make these decisions. In government, we have enough things to worry about. We don’t need to make people’s reproductive decisions for them.”[175] Kaine supports some legal restrictions on abortion, such as requiring parental consent for minors (with a judicial bypass procedure) and banning late-term abortions in cases where the woman’s life is not at risk.[176]

In 2009, Kaine signed a bill to create a “Choose Life” license plate, among the more than 200 Virginia specialty plates already offered, the proceeds of which would partly go to Heartbeat International, a Christian organization that operates anti-abortion crisis pregnancy centers.[177] Planned Parenthood and NARAL Pro-Choice America expressed disappointment in Kaine’s decision.[177] Kaine considered such license plate messages a matter of free speech and added that the move was “in keeping with the commonwealth’s longtime practice of approving specialty plates with all manner of political and social messages.”[177]

Kaine previously criticized the Obama administration for “not providing a ‘broad enough religious employer exemption” in the contraceptive mandate of the Affordable Care Act, but praised a 2012 amendment to the regulations that required insurers to provide birth control to employees when an employer was an objecting religious organization.[178]

In 2005, when running for governor, Kaine said he favored reducing abortions by “Enforcing the current Virginia restrictions on abortion and passing an enforceable ban on partial birth abortion that protects the life and health of the mother”; “Fighting teen pregnancy through abstinence-focused education”; “Ensuring women’s access to health care (including legal contraception) and economic opportunity”; and “Promoting adoption as an alternative for women facing unwanted pregnancies.”[179]

In 2007, as governor, Kaine cut off state funding for abstinence-only sex education programs, citing studies that showed such programs were ineffective, while comprehensive sex education programs were more effective.[180] Kaine believes that both abstinence and contraceptives must be taught, and that education should be evidence-based.[180]

As a senator, Kaine has received perfect scores from Planned Parenthood and the abortion-rights advocacy group NARAL.[125][181] He has received a score of zero from the anti-abortion National Right to Life Committee.[181]

Campaign finance

Kaine “strongly disagrees” with Citizens United v. FEC (2010).[182] In 2015, Kaine joined a group of Senate Democrats in a letter to Securities and Exchange Commission Chairwoman Mary Jo White that said the ruling “reversed long-standing precedent and has moved our country in a different and disturbing direction when it comes to corporate influence in politics.” They urged the SEC to require publicly traded companies to disclose political spending to their shareholders to “increase transparency in the U.S. political process”.[182]

Capital punishment

Kaine personally opposes capital punishment, but presided over 11 executions while governor.[183] He said, “I really struggled with [capital punishment] as governor. I have a moral position against the death penalty. But I took an oath of office to uphold it. Following an oath of office is also a moral obligation.”[35] During his time in office he commuted one death sentence in June 2008, that of Percy Levar Walton, to life imprisonment without parole on grounds of mental incompetence, writing that “one cannot reasonably conclude that Walton is fully aware of the punishment he is about to suffer and why he is to suffer it” and thus that executing him would be unconstitutional.[184] Kaine vetoed a number of bills to expand the death sentence to more crimes, saying: “I do not believe that further expansion of the death penalty is necessary to protect human life or provide for public safety needs.”[185][186] Some of the vetoes were overridden.[187][f]

On July 31, 2019, after Attorney General William Barr announced that the United States federal government would resume the use of the death penalty for the first time in over 20 years, Kaine co-sponsored a bill banning the death penalty.[188]

Environment, energy, and climate change

Kaine acknowledges the scientific consensus on climate change, and in a 2014 Senate speech criticized climate change deniers, as well as those who “may not deny the climate science, but … deny that the U.S. can or should be a leader in taking any steps” to address the issue.[189]

Kaine has expressed concern about sea level rise (a major consequence of climate change),[138] and in particular its effect on coastal Virginia.[189] In 2014, he partnered with two Virginia Republicans—U.S. Representatives Rob Wittman and Scott Rigell—to hold a conference on sea-level rise and “local adaptation efforts to protect military installations in the Hampton Roads area.”[138]

Kaine endorses making coal energy production cleaner, saying that it is imperative “to convert coal to electricity with less pollution than we do today.”[189] He has criticized those who “frame the debate as a conflict between an economy and the environment”, saying that “protecting the environment is good for the economy.”[189] Kaine co-sponsored the Advanced Clean Coal Technology Investment in Our Nation (ACCTION) Act, legislation to increase investment in clean coal technologies.[190] He voted against legislation to approve the Keystone XL pipeline.[191] Kaine supports the use of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) to harvest natural gas from shale formations. He believes this will reduce carbon pollution.[190] Kaine voted against an amendment introduced by Senator Kirsten Gillibrand that would have repealed a provision in the Energy Policy Act of 2005 that exempts fracking from the underground injection control provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act. As a result, regulation of fracking remains in the hands of state agencies; the EPA cannot regulate it or require a federal permit.[192][193] Kaine supports exporting liquefied natural gas (LNG) to other countries.[194]

Like his fellow senator from Virginia, Mark Warner, Kaine applauded the U.S. Forest Service‘s plan to close most, but not all, of the George Washington National Forest to fracking and other horizontal drilling activities.[195]

In 2013, Kaine supported oil and gas exploration off the coast of Virginia, saying, “I have long believed that the moratorium on offshore drilling, based on a cost-benefit calculation performed decades ago, should be reexamined.”[196][197] In April 2015, Kaine reiterated his opposition to the moratorium on offshore drilling.[198] In March 2016, Kaine signaled that his position was softening, saying he was “particularly struck by the material objections of the Department of Defense to the incompatibility of drilling with naval operations off Virginia’s coast… I have participated in this debate for over a decade as a governor and member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. The DOD has been relatively quiet during this public debate and has never shared their objections with me before.”[198] By August 2016, Kaine stated his support for a ban on offshore drilling, bringing his position in line with Hillary Clinton’s and the Obama administration’s.[198]

Kaine supports the development of solar energy and offshore wind turbines.[190] Based on his votes on environmental issues in the Senate, the League of Conservation Voters has given Kaine a 95% score for 2018, and a 94% lifetime score.[193] (At the time of his vice-presidential campaign, Kaine had an 88% score for 2015, and a 91% lifetime score.)[138]

In March 2019, Kaine was one of 11 senators to sponsor the Climate Security Act of 2019, legislation forming a new group within the State Department that would be responsible for developing strategies to integrate climate science and data into operations of national security as well as restoring the post of special envoy for the Arctic, which Trump had dismantled in 2017. The proposed envoy would advise the president and the administration on the potential effects of climate on national security and be responsible for facilitating all interagency communication between federal science and security agencies.[199]

In April 2019, Kaine was one of 12 senators to sign a bipartisan letter to top senators on the Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development advocating that the Energy Department be granted maximum funding for carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), arguing that American job growth could be stimulated by investment in viable options to capture carbon emissions released into the atmosphere and expressing disagreement with the Trump’s 2020 budget request to combine the two federal programs that include carbon capture research.[200]

Financial regulation

Kaine strongly supports financial regulation and the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.[171] In July 2016, he signed a bipartisan letter that “urged the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to ‘carefully tailor its rulemaking’ [under Dodd-Frank] regarding community banks and credit unions so as not to ‘unduly burden’ these institutions with regulations aimed at commercial banks.”[171] The letter prompted criticism from progressives who viewed it as anti-regulation.[171][201] Democracy for America executive director Charles Chamberlain called the letter “a lobbyist-driven effort to help banks dodge consumer protection standards and regulations designed to prevent banks from destroying our economy.” Kaine responded, “it’s important you don’t treat every financial institution the same. It wasn’t credit unions that tanked the economy, it wasn’t local community banks that tanked the economy, generally wasn’t regional banks that did things that tanked the economy.”[171] He also signed a letter urging that a requirement that regional banks report liquidity levels on a daily basis be loosened.[202]

Foreign and defense policy

In the Senate, Kaine has supported the normalization of U.S.–Cuban relations and the international nuclear agreement with Iran.[203]

Kaine expressed support for Israel‘s right to defend itself during the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict.[204] In September 2016, in advance of a UN Security Council resolution 2334 condemning Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories, he signed an AIPAC-sponsored letter urging Obama to veto “one-sided” resolutions against Israel.[205]

In 2015, Kaine expressed support for the Saudi-led coalition’s airstrikes in Yemen against Houthi forces fighting the government of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi,[206] but in 2018, he was one of seven senators to sign a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo saying that they found it “difficult to reconcile known facts with at least two” of the Trump administration’s certifications that Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were attempting to protect Yemeni civilians and were in compliance with U.S. laws on arms sales, citing an inconsistency with a memo from Pompeo to Congress expressly stating that on some occasions the Saudi and Emirates governments had failed to adopt measures to reduce civilian casualties.[207] Kaine also condemned the Trump administration for its “eagerness to give the Saudis anything they want” after the administration approved the transfer of nuclear technology to Saudi Arabia after the murder of Saudi dissident Jamal Khashoggi.[208][209]

In July 2017, Kaine voted for the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act that placed sanctions on Iran, Russia, and North Korea.[210][211]

In 2019, Kaine was one of 34 Senate Democrats to sign a letter to Trump urging him to reconsider cuts to U.S. foreign aid to the Northern Triangle countries of Central America in the Fiscal Year 2018 national security appropriations bill. The letter said that Trump had “consistently expressed a flawed understanding of U.S. foreign assistance”, viewing it as a gift or charity to foreign governments rather than a tool to promote American interests and collective security. The senators wrote that U.S. foreign assistance to Central American countries, by improving stability and alleviating poverty in the region, reduced Central American migration flows to the U.S.[212]

Kaine with Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Nancy Pelosi on June 10, 2022

In 2019, Kaine co-sponsored the South China Sea and East China Sea Sanctions Act, a bipartisan bill reintroduced by Marco Rubio and Ben Cardin that was intended to disrupt China’s consolidation or expansion of its claims of jurisdiction over both the sea and airspace in disputed zones in the South China Sea.[213]

In 2023, Kaine added a provision to the annual National Defense Authorization Act that a U.S. president cannot withdraw the U.S. from NATO without Congress’s approval.[214]

On December 30, 2023, Kaine criticized Biden’s emergency sale of weapons to Israel during the Israel–Hamas war, stating, “Why should the Admin bypass Congress on arms sales to any nation? Bypassing Congress = keeping the American public in the dark.”[215] Some of Biden’s closest allies in the Senate, including Kaine, were reportedly pressuring Biden to change his tactics in Gaza.[216]

Grand strategy and democracy promotion

After the 2016 presidential campaign, Kaine wrote an extensive essay in Foreign Affairs outlining his underlying foreign policy philosophy.[217] According to Kaine, American foreign policy has suffered a lack of direction since the 1990s because the end of the Cold War rendered irrelevant America’s previous grand strategy, which he identifies as the Truman Doctrine. This lack of grand strategy makes American actions seem random, complicating the policy-making process and hindering American leaders’ efforts to convince the public that American foreign policy is worthwhile. To remedy this, Kaine proposed a new grand strategy based mainly on democracy promotion. His grand strategy is informed by a tri-polar balance of international power, with one pole being democratic states including the U.S. and its allies, the second autocratic powers led by Russia and China, and the third nonstate actors (multinational corporations, NGOs, gangs, etc.).

First, Kaine believes that the United States should work to support democracy in already democratic countries, as democracy globally has been declining for many years.[218] To maintain democracy in democratic countries, Kaine proposes the creation of an intergovernmental organization consisting of all the world’s democracies in which states can cooperate on solutions to problems such as corruption and voter inclusion. He compares this hypothetical group to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, in which advanced industrialized countries collaborate on economic policy. Kaine believes that this new organization will help democracies remain democratic, as well as promote democracy in other countries by giving them viable democratic examples to emulate. In this way, Kaine says that the U.S. should no longer see itself as the indispensable nation, but rather the “exemplary democracy”.

Second, Kaine proposes that democracies should coordinate to best interact with authoritarian states. Depending on the circumstances, democracies should either “confront”, “compete”, or “cooperate” with autocracies. For example, Kaine observes that the U.S. competes with its authoritarian adversaries by strengthening military and commercial alliances, and confronts them by decrying their human rights records.[217]

Finally, Kaine believes that democracies and autocracies should cooperate when they have the same interests, such as combating climate change.

In July 2017, Kaine expanded on the grand strategy proposed in this essay in an interview at the Brookings Institution with international relations scholar Robert Kagan.[219]


Kaine’s website states, “The main mission in Afghanistan—destroying Al Qaeda—is nearly complete and we should bring our troops home as quickly as we can, consistent with the need to make sure that Afghanistan poses no danger in the broader region.”[220]

Latin America

Kaine believes that American foreign policy has neglected relations with Latin America and argues for an increased focus on the Americas, saying, “We have seldom paid enough attention to the Americas, in particular, and when we have—whether through the Monroe Doctrine or by battling communist movements during the Cold War—we have focused more on blocking outsiders from building influence in the Western Hemisphere than we have on the nations already there.”[217]

War powers

Kaine is known for “expertise on the constitutional powers of the presidency”[169] and has said that “war powers questions” are a “personal obsession” of his.[221][222] He has stressed that under the Constitution, “Congress has the power to declare war—and only Congress.”[223] Kaine called the 2018 U.S. missile strikes Trump ordered against the Syrian government illegal because they were undertaken without congressional approval.[223]

Kaine and Senator John McCain introduced the War Powers Consultation Act of 2014,[224] which would replace the War Powers Act of 1973, bringing Congress back into decisions on the deployment of U.S. military forces.[224] The bill would establish a Congressional Consultation Committee, with which the president would be required to consult regularly regarding significant foreign policy matters before ordering the deployment of the armed forces into a significant armed conflict and at least every two months for the duration of any significant armed conflict.[224][225] Kaine argued for the bill by citing his “frustration” over the sloppiness of “process and communication over decisions of war”, noting that “presidents tend to overreach and Congress sometimes willingly ducks tough votes and decisions. We all have to do better.”[224]

In February 2018, Kaine was one of 18 senators to sign a letter to Trump arguing that striking North Korea with “a preventative or preemptive U.S. military strike would lack either a constitutional basis or legal authority” without congressional approval.[226]

In January 2020, Kaine introduced a new war powers resolution that would prohibit the U.S. from entering hostilities against Iran within 30 days unless it was responding to an imminent threat.[227] The next month, the Iran War Powers Resolution passed the Senate 55–45, securing the votes of eight Republicans along with the Democrats.[228] Trump vetoed the measure,[229] and the Senate failed to override the veto.[230]

Syria, Iraq, and ISIL

In 2014, Kaine argued that the U.S. military intervention against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) undertaken by Obama was unconstitutional without a new congressional authorization for the use of military force against ISIL.[231] In November 2014, at the Halifax International Security Forum, Kaine and McCain emphasized the necessity of such a congressional authorization, saying: “You just can’t have a war without Congress. You can’t ask people to risk their lives, risk getting killed, seeing other folks getting killed or injured if Congress isn’t willing to do the job to put their thumbprint on this and say, this is a national mission and worth it.”[232] After the April 2017 Shayrat missile strike in Syria, ordered by Trump, Kaine said, “There is no legal justification for this. He should not have done this without coming to Congress.”[233] On Meet the Press, Kaine said, “I’m a strong supporter that the U.S. should take action to protect humanitarian causes, like the ban on chemical weapons. Where I differ from this administration, and I took the same position with respect to President Obama, we are a nation that’s not supposed to take military action, start war, without a plan that’s presented to and approved by Congress.”[234]

On December 11, 2014, after a five-month campaign by Kaine, the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved by 10–8 (along party lines) a measure authorizing military force against ISIL but barring the use of ground troops.[235][236] In October 2015, Kaine criticized Obama’s approach to the Syrian Civil War, saying that the establishment of humanitarian no-fly zones would have alleviated the humanitarian crisis in Syria.[237][238]

In April 2018, Kaine criticized Trump for authorizing the launch of a precision military strike on Syria without consulting Congress, calling the strike an “illegal military act”.[239] In February 2021, Kaine demanded answers from President Biden after he ordered airstrikes on Syria against Iran-backed militias without giving “legal justification” to members of Congress beforehand.[240]


Kaine is a firearm owner.[203] He has supported expanded background checks for weapons purchases as well as “restrictions on the sale of combat-style weapons and high-capacity magazines.”[203][241] As governor, Kaine oversaw the closing of loopholes in Virginia law that allowed some who had failed background checks to purchase guns.[203] In the Senate, he has supported legislation that would require background checks for weapons sold via gun shows and via the internet.[203] He also supports legislation to bar weapons sales to suspected terrorists on the No Fly List.[203]

In November 2017, Kaine was a cosponsor of the Military Domestic Violence Reporting Enhancement Act, a bill that would form a charge of domestic violence under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) and stipulate that convictions be reported to federal databases with the authority to keep abusers from purchasing firearms within three days in an attempt to close a loophole in the UCMJ through which convicted abusers retained the ability to purchase firearms.[242]

In March 2018, Kaine was one of ten senators to sign a letter to Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander and ranking Democrat Patty Murray requesting they schedule a hearing on the causes and remedies of mass shootings in the wake of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting.[243]

In June 2019, Kaine was one of four senators to cosponsor the Help Empower Americans to Respond (HEAR) Act, legislation that would ban suppressors being imported, sold, made, sent elsewhere or possessed and grant a silencer buyback program as well as include certain exceptions for current and former law enforcement personnel and others. The bill was intended to respond to the Virginia Beach shooting, in which the perpetrator used a .45-caliber handgun with multiple extended magazines and a suppressor.[244]

Kaine has a 100% rating from the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence[245] and an “F” rating from the NRA Political Victory Fund.[246][247]

Health care

Kaine supports the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2009 (Obamacare), saying in 2012, “I was a supporter and remain a supporter of the Affordable Care Act. I felt like it was a statement that we were going to put some things in the rearview mirror.”[248] In 2013, he said that he agreed that changes to the ACA should be debated, but criticized Republicans for “wrapping them up with the threat” of a federal government shutdown.[249]

In 2018, Kaine and Senator Michael Bennet proposed the creation of “Medicare X”—a public health insurance option modeled after Medicare that would be available on ACA health insurance marketplaces along with private options. The proposal is a more incrementalist alternative to Bernie Sanders‘s push for “Medicare for All” (single-payer health care).[250]

In December 2018, Kaine was one of 42 senators to sign a letter to Trump administration officials Alex Azar, Seema Verma, and Steve Mnuchin arguing that the administration was improperly using Section 1332 of the ACA to authorize states to “increase health care costs for millions of consumers while weakening protections for individuals with pre-existing conditions.” The senators requested the administration withdraw the policy and “re-engage with stakeholders, states, and Congress.”[251]

In January 2019, Kaine was one of six Democratic senators to introduce the American Miners Act of 2019, a bill that would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to swap funds in excess of the amounts needed to meet existing obligations under the Abandoned Mine Land fund to the 1974 Pension Plan as part of an effort to prevent its insolvency as a result of coal company bankruptcies and the 2008 financial crisis. It also increased the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund tax and ensured that miners affected by the 2018 coal company bankruptcies would not lose their health care.[252]

In December 2016, Kaine was one of 17 senators to sign a letter to Trump asking him to fulfill a campaign pledge to bring down the cost of prescription drugs.[253] In February 2017, he and 30 other senators signed a letter to Kaléo Pharmaceuticals in response to the opioid-overdose-reversing device Evzio rising in price from $690 in 2014 to $4,500 and requested the company provide the detailed price structure for Evzio, the number of devices Kaléo Pharmaceuticals set aside for donation, and the totality of federal reimbursements Evzio received in the previous year.[254] In February 2019, Kaine was one of 11 senators to sign a letter to insulin manufacturers Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk, and Sanofi about increased insulin prices and charging that the price increases caused patients to lack “access to the life-saving medications they need.”[255]

In August 2019, Kaine was one of 19 Democratic senators to sign a letter to Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin and Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar requesting data from the Trump administration on the consequences for healthcare if Texas prevailed in its lawsuit seeking to gut the Affordable Care Act. The senators wrote, “Upending the current health care system will create an enormous hole in the pocketbooks of the people we serve as well as wreck state budgets; therefore, we ask for data to help states and Congress better understand the potential consequences of the position the Administration is taking in court.”[256]

In September 2019, amid discussions to prevent a government shutdown, Kaine was one of six Democratic senators to sign a letter to congressional leadership advocating legislation that would permanently fund health care and pension benefits for retired coal miners as “families in Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming, Alabama, Colorado, North Dakota and New Mexico” would start to receive notifications of health care termination by the end of the following month.[257]


Kaine supports the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA) programs,[258] which allow up to five million undocumented immigrants to gain deferral of deportation and authorization to legally work in the United States.[203] Alongside Senator Mark Warner and many other members of Congress, he signed on to an amicus brief in support of the program in the Supreme Court case United States v. Texas.[259][260]

Kaine also supports comprehensive immigration reform, which would allow persons illegally present in the U.S. to earn legal status by paying a fine and taxes.[203]

In July 2019, following reports that the Trump administration intended to end protections of spouses, parents and children of active-duty service members from deportation, Kaine was one of 22 senators to sign a letter led by Tammy Duckworth arguing that the program allowed service members the ability “to fight for the United States overseas and not worry that their spouse, children, or parents will be deported while they are away” and that its termination would cause personal hardship for service members in combat.[261]

In July 2019, Kaine and 15 other Senate Democrats introduced the Protecting Sensitive Locations Act, a bill to mandate that ICE agents get approval from a supervisor before undertaking an immigration raid or other enforcement actions at “sensitive locations” (schools, hospitals, places of worship, and courthouses) except in special circumstances. The bill would also require agents to receive annual training and require ICE to submit an annual report on enforcement actions in those locations.[262]

LGBT rights

In 2006, Kaine campaigned against an amendment to the Virginia State Constitution to ban same-sex marriage,[263] and in March 2013, he announced his support of same-sex marriage.[264][265]

In the Senate, Kaine co-sponsored the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which would bar employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.[266]

In 2005, Kaine said, “No couples in Virginia can adopt other than a married couple. That’s the right policy.”[267] In 2011, he shifted his position.[268] In 2012, he said, “there should be a license that would entitle a committed couple to the same rights as a married couple.”[269]

During the 2016 presidential campaign, Kaine noted that his position on same-sex marriage was “at odds with the current doctrine of the church that I still attend.” He predicted that the Roman Catholic Church would someday adopt his view.[270] In response, two bishops heading the doctrine and marriage committees of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops said that the church’s position “cannot change” and reaffirmed their opposition to same-sex marriage.[271]

In October 2018, Kaine was one of 20 senators to sign a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urging him to reverse the State Department’s policy of denying visas to same-sex partners of LGBTQ diplomats who had unions that were not recognized by their home countries, writing that the Trump administration’s refusal to allow LGBTQ diplomats to bring their partners to the U.S. was tantamount to upholding the “discriminatory policies of many countries around the world.”[272] In June 2019, Kaine was one of 18 senators to sign a letter to Pompeo requesting an explanation of the State Department’s decision not to issue an official statement that year commemorating Pride Month or issue the annual cable outlining activities for embassies commemorating Pride Month. The signatories to the letter also asked why the LGBTI special envoy position had remained vacant. The authors said that the State Department’s moves had sent “signals to the international community that the United States is abandoning the advancement of LGBTI rights as a foreign policy priority.”[273]


Kaine supports allowing the Bush tax cuts to expire for those with incomes above $500,000.[274]

In 2012, Kaine supported raising the cap on income subject for the FICA (Social Security) payroll tax “so that it covers a similar percentage of income as it did in the 1980s under President Reagan, which would greatly extend the solvency of the (Social Security) program.”[275]

In the Senate, Kaine has supported the Marketplace Fairness Act, which would allow states to require online retailers to collect sales taxes in the same manner as traditional brick-and-mortar retailers.[276][277][278]


Kaine supported granting Obama Trade Promotion Authority (TPA or “fast track”) to allow him to negotiate free trade agreements.[279] He said the goal should be to “negotiate deals that protect workers’ rights, environmental standards and intellectual property, while knocking down tariffs and other barriers that some countries erect to keep American products out.”[279]

In July 2016, Kaine said the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement was “an improvement of the status quo” and an “upgrade of labor standards… environmental standards… intellectual property protections”, but maintained that he had not yet decided how to vote on final approval of the agreement, citing “significant concerns” over TPP’s dispute resolution mechanism.[280] Later that July, Kaine said that he could not support the TPP in its current form.[281]

Kaine has been a proponent of NAFTA.[282]

Transportation, growth, and housing

Kaine supports some smart growth-style policies (which he calls “a balanced approach to growth”) to control sprawl and improve transportation.[283] He favors a transportation policy that includes public transit, bicycles, and pedestrians.[284] As governor, Kaine pushed through a $100 million open-space acquisition initiative.[284] Under Kaine, Amtrak service in Virginia was expanded.[285][286][287] He also participated in a White House round-table discussion on high-speed rail in 2009.[285]

In April 2019, Kaine was one of 41 senators to sign a bipartisan letter in support of U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Section 4 Capacity Building program, a program authorizing HUD to partner with nonprofit community development groups to provide support to community development corporations. The letter said that the longstanding program had successfully promoted economic and community development, opposed the proposed elimination of the plan in Trump’s budget proposal for Fiscal Year 2020, and urged the Senate to support continued funding for Section 4 in Fiscal Year 2020.[288]

Workers’ rights and gender equality

Kaine is “generally pro-union” and has received a 96% lifetime Senate voting rating from the AFL–CIO,[138] which praised his selection as Clinton’s running mate.[289] But Kaine supports Virginia’s longstanding “right-to-work” law, which “frees union nonmembers from any legal obligation to pay fees to a union that bargains collectively on their behalf”.[138]

Kaine supports the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which expands the cases in which worker can sue against gender pay discrimination.[290] After Clinton selected him as her running mate in 2016, Kaine was praised by the National Organization for Women.[289][291]

Kaine favors an increase in the minimum wage.[138]

Personal life

Kaine with his wife Anne at the 2012 Democratic National Convention

In November 1984, Kaine married Anne Bright Holton, the daughter of A. Linwood Holton Jr., the 61st governor of Virginia.[4][292] The couple met while they were students at Harvard Law School.[15] Holton has been a judge for the Virginia Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court in Richmond.[293] After serving as first lady of Virginia during her husband’s term, she was appointed by Governor Terry McAuliffe in 2014 to be Virginia’s secretary of education,[293][294] and held that position until July 2016, when she stepped down after her husband was nominated for vice president.[295] The couple has three children, one of whom is a U.S. Marine.[16][8][296] As of 2016, Kaine and his wife had been congregants of the St. Elizabeth Catholic Church in Richmond, a mostly black congregation, for 30 years.[296][297]

Kaine plays the harmonica[298][299] and often travels with several.[18]

Kaine is fluent in Spanish as a result of his nine months in Honduras.[14] During the 2016 campaign, he became the first member of a presidential ticket to deliver a speech in Spanish.[169]

On May 28, 2020, Kaine announced that he and his wife had tested positive for COVID-19 antibodies.[300] In March 2022, it was reported that he has long covid symptoms.[301][302][303]

Personality and leadership style

About 145,000 emails from Kaine and his staff during his term as governor are publicly accessible at the Library of Virginia. Politico conducted an analysis of the correspondence and wrote that the messages show Kaine to be a “media-savvy” and detail-oriented “micro-manager” who is also a policy “wonk“.[304]

According to The New York Times, Kaine “is widely described by people in his political orbit as a likable if less than charismatic figure…guided by moral convictions that flow from his deep Christian faith.”[18] On Meet the Press, Kaine called himself “boring.”[18][305]

Awards and honors

Kaine has received the Humanitarian Award from the Virginia Center for Inclusive Communities, then the Virginia Region of the National Conference for Community and Justice (2000),[306] the Virginia Council of Churches’ Faith in Action Award (2009),[307] the University of Richmond School of Law‘s William Green Award for Professional Excellence (2012),[308] the Award for Public Service in the Americas from the Inter-American Dialogue (2014),[309] the Appalachian Trail Conservancy‘s Congressional Award (2015),[310] and the Center for the National Interest‘s Distinguished Service Award (2016).[311] He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic in 2017.[312]

Electoral history

2001 lieutenant gubernatorial election
Virginia Lieutenant gubernatorial Democratic primary, 2001[313]
DemocraticTim Kaine 64,008 39.66
DemocraticAlan Diamonstein50,75331.45
DemocraticJ. C. Jones46,64028.90
Total votes161,401
Virginia Lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2001[314][315]
DemocraticTim Kaine 925,974 50.35 +5.30%
RepublicanJay K. Katzen883,88648.06-2.10%
LibertarianG. A. Reams28,7831.57N/A
Total votes1,839,133
Swing to Democratic from RepublicanSwing5.30
2005 gubernatorial election
Virginia gubernatorial election, 2005[316]
DemocraticTim Kaine 1,025,942 51.72% -0.44%
RepublicanJerry Kilgore912,32745.99%-1.04%
IndependentRuss Potts43,9532.22%
Democratic holdSwing
2012 U.S. Senate election
United States Senate election in Virginia, 2012[317]
DemocraticTim Kaine 2,010,067 52.83% +3.24%
RepublicanGeorge Allen1,785,54246.92%-2.28%
Total votes3,805,019′ 100.0%’ N/A
Democratic hold
2016 vice presidential election
2016 United States vice presidential election
RepublicanMike Pence62,984,828 (popular votes)
305 electors
(30 states + ME−02)
46.1% (popular vote)
56.7% (electoral vote)
DemocraticTim Kaine65,853,514 (popular votes)
227 electors
(20 states + DC)
48.2% (popular vote)
42.2% (electoral vote)
2018 U.S. Senate election
2018 United States Senate election in Virginia[318]
DemocraticTim Kaine (incumbent) 1,910,370 57.00% +4.17%
RepublicanCorey Stewart1,374,31341.01%-5.91%
LibertarianMatt Waters61,5651.84%+1.84%
Total votes3,351,373′ 100%’ N/A
Democratic hold


  1. ^ Many news reports say that Kaine worked in Honduras as part of the Jesuit Volunteer Corps,[10][12] a U.S.-based organization that did not sponsor overseas programs until 1984.[13] By his own account, while a high school student in 1974 Kaine visited a Jesuit mission in Honduras that had ties to his Jesuit high school. In 1980, after completing his first year of law school and without the support of any organization, he contacted that mission and arranged to work at its vocational training school as a volunteer teacher.[11]
  2. ^ Until 2004, the mayor of Richmond was chosen by the city council from among its membership; under the present system, the mayor is chosen by popular vote.[23]
  3. ^ The Virginia Constitution gives the Virginia General Assembly the power to appoint state judges, but gives the governor of Virginia to power to make judicial appointments when the General Assembly is out of session.[93][94] Once the General Assembly convenes, it has thirty days to confirm the appointments; if it does not, the seats become vacant.[95] The General Assembly typically confirms the governor’s choices, as it did with both of Kaine’s appointments.[93][94]
  4. ^ Millette was formerly a Prince William County Circuit Judge whom Kaine had previously elevated to the Court of Appeals of Virginia via an interim appointment. Nine months later, Kaine elevated Millette to the Supreme Court via an interim appointment.[93][94]
  5. ^ Introducing Kaine, President Obama refers repeatedly to the “chairman” (not “chair”), of the Democratic National Committee.
  6. ^ Virginia remains second only to Texas in the number of executions since capital punishment was reinstated in 1976.[35]


  1. ^ a b c Danielle Burton (April 18, 2008). “10 things you didn’t know about Tim Kaine”. U.S. News & World Report.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Nuckols, Christina (October 16, 2005). “Profile: Who is Timothy M. Kaine?”. The Virginian-Pilot. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  3. ^ a b O’Dowd, Niall (April 8, 2016). “Five Irish Americans who could be Hillary Clinton’s running mate”. IrishCentral. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  4. ^ a b “From the RTD archives: Wedding announcement of Tim Kaine and Anne Holton”. Richmond Times-Dispatch. July 21, 2016; reprinting of announcement originally published on November 25, 1984.
  5. ^ Deignan, Tom (August 10, 2016). “Kaine’s Strong Irish Roots”. Irish America (August September 2016). Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  6. ^ Roche, Barry (August 18, 2016). “Genealogist finds Tim Kaine also has Irish roots in Cork”. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c Dwyer, Timothy (November 3, 2005). “For Kaine, a Faith in Service”. The Washington Post.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g “Timeline: Sen. Tim Kaine’s life and career”. Richmond Times-Dispatch. July 22, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  9. ^ “Notable Coro Alumni”. Coro Foundation. Archived from the original on July 18, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  10. ^ a b Winters, Michael Sean (April 5, 2011). “Tim Kaine Running for Senate”. National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  11. ^ a b Kaine, Tim (June 7, 2016). “Life and Career of Senator Tim Kaine”. American Profile series (Interview). Interviewed by Steve Scully. C-SPAN. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  12. ^ Lovegrove, Jamie (July 22, 2016). “15 things you need to know about Clinton’s running mate, Tim Kaine”. The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  13. ^ Langlois, Ed (June 30, 2006). “Jesuit Volunteer Corps – 50 years of nitty-gritty service”. Catholic Sentinel. Archived from the original on September 20, 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c Peralta, Eyder (June 12, 2013). “With a Speech in Spanish, Tim Kaine Makes Senate History”. NPR.
  15. ^ a b Danielle Burton, 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Tim Kaine, U.S. News & World Report (July 18, 2008).
  16. ^ a b c d e f Virginia: Past Governors’ Bios: Tim Kaine, National Governors Association (accessed July 21, 2016).
  17. ^ a b c Emily Cadei (July 15, 2016). “Tim Kaine, the “boring” Hillary Clinton VP possibility, isn’t actually that boring”. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Sheryl Gay Stolberg, Tim Kaine: A Self-Effacing Senator in a Sharp-Elbows Era, The New York Times (July 22, 2016).
  19. ^ Trevor Baratko, For a professor and his pupil, politics align, Loudoun Times-Mirror (October 19, 2012).
  20. ^ “Timeline: Sen. Tim Kaine’s life and career”. Richmond Times-Dispatch. July 22, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Mahler, Jonathan (July 31, 2016). “Tim Kaine Recalled for Commitment to Richmond’s African-Americans”. The New York Times. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
  22. ^ “Praising Kaine”. Richmond Times-Dispatch. June 1, 1994. p. A-10.
  23. ^ a b c Amy Biegelsen, What’s a Nice Guy Like Tim Kaine Doing in a Job Like This? Archived October 10, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, (Richmond, Va.) Style Weekly (February 25, 2009).
  24. ^ “HISTORY OF THE CITY OF RICHMOND, VIRGINIA” (PDF). The Office of the City Clerk of Richmond, Virginia. February 10, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  25. ^ a b c Paul Schwartzman, What’s a nice guy like Sen. Tim Kaine doing in a campaign like this?, The Washington Post (July 14, 2016).
  26. ^ a b c d e f g Melissa Scott Sinclair, Is Kaine Able? Archived October 10, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, (Richmond, Va.) Style Weekly.
  27. ^ a b c Hickey, Gordon; Johnson, Carrie (July 27, 1999). “Council Supports Mural of Lee: El-Amin’s Proposal Rejected on 8–1 Vote After Heated Hearing”. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Archived from the original on March 22, 2015. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  28. ^ “Mayor Kaine”. Richmond Times-Dispatch. July 3, 1998. p. A-16 – via
  29. ^ Allen, George; Goldman, Paul (October 12, 2009). “Little Restored Schoolhouse”. The New York Times.
  30. ^ a b c d Hugh Lessig (June 3, 2001). “Kaine says his ability to unify is important”. Newport News, Va. Daily Press. Archived from the original on April 3, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
  31. ^ a b Peter Whoriskey, Kaine Edges Out Katzen For State’s No. 2 Office, The Washington Post (November 7, 2001).
  32. ^ “Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine to Address University Of Virginia’s Class of 2006 at Final Exercises on Sunday, May 21”. UVA Today. May 16, 2006.
  33. ^ Gibson, Bob (January 16, 2007). “Slavery apology measure ignites legislative debate”. The Daily Progress.
  34. ^ Halloran, Liz (May 17, 2012). “Tale of the Tape: Ex-Governors Duke It Out In Va”. NPR.
  35. ^ a b c d Hendrix, Steve (October 18, 2012). “Tim Kaine’s moral convictions and political ambitions”. The Washington Post.
  36. ^ Hank Shaw, Difference Few among Democrats, Free Lance-Star (May 21, 2001).
  37. ^ Elections Database: 2001 Lieutenant Governor Democratic Primary, Virginia Department of Elections.
  38. ^ a b Elections Database: 2001 Lieutenant Governor General Election, Virginia Department of Elections.
  39. ^ Tim Kaine and Anne Holton Archived June 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine (Associated Press photo by Steve Helber) (January 12, 2002).
  40. ^ Haddock, Vicki (November 5, 2006). “Democrats Get Religion: Left-leaning politicians have a come-to-Jesus moment, bringing their faith out of the closet to challenge conservatives’ claimed moral hegemony”. San Francisco Chronicle. One of the few marquee Democratic victors in 2005 was Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine, an underdog….
  41. ^ a b 2005 Virginia Gubernatorial Election: November 8, 2005, RealClearPolitics.
  42. ^ a b Sluss, Michael (September 17, 2005). “Kaine, Kilgore in a dead heat”. Roanoke Times.
  43. ^ a b Shear, Michael D.; Deane, Claudia (September 11, 2005). “Poll Shows Kilgore Ahead of Kaine in Va”. The Washington Post.
  44. ^ a b Warren Fiske, Life after the campaign for Jerry Kilgore Archived August 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Virginian-Pilot (April 30, 2006).
  45. ^ a b Elections Database: 2005 Governor General Election, Virginia Department of Elections.
  46. ^ a b c Chris L Jenkins, Kaine Launches Va. Campaign on a Centrist Path: Democrat Pitches Fiscal Responsibility in Gubernatorial Bid, The Washington Post (March 17, 2005), B01.
  47. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S.; Jenkins, Chris L. (February 26, 2005). “Independent Republican’ Potts Joins Race in Va”. The Washington Post.
  48. ^ Shear, Michael D. (October 18, 2005). “AR Kaine Sounds Slow-Growth Note in Exurbs”. The Washington Post.
  49. ^ Michael D. Shear, Democrat Kaine Wins in Virginia, The Washington Post (November 9, 2005) (“From the beginning, Kaine’s strategy was to target voters who like Warner. He repeatedly took credit for the accomplishments of the ‘Warner-Kaine administration,’ and he appeared frequently with the governor.”).
  50. ^ a b No Death Penalty For Hitler? GOP Ad Goes Too Far Archived August 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine,, Annenberg Public Policy Center (October 19, 2005).
  51. ^ a b Editorial: Death Penalty Smear, The Washington Post (October 12, 2005).
  52. ^ Editorial: “Death penalty demagoguery,” The Roanoke Times (October 13, 2005).
  53. ^ Michael D. Shear, Democrat Kaine Wins in Virginia, The Washington Post (November 9, 2005); see also GOP Wake-Up Call, The Wall Street Journal (November 10, 2005) (“Mr. Kilgore’s nonstop death-penalty demagoguery might have backfired with social conservatives who saw a man being attacked for his religious beliefs”), James Dao, Democrat Wins Race for Governor in Virginia, The New York Times (November 9, 2005) (“Mr. Kilgore may have hurt himself by running negative advertisements attacking Mr. Kaine’s positions on the death penalty, taxes and illegal immigration. According to some political analysts and polls, those advertisements alienated many independent voters.”).
  54. ^ a b c d Michael D. Shear, Democrat Kaine Wins in Virginia, The Washington Post (November 9, 2005).
  55. ^ a b James Dao, Democrat Wins Race for Governor in Virginia, The New York Times (November 9, 2005).
  56. ^ A Guide to the Governor Timothy M. Kaine Administration Electronic Files, Email, 2002–2010 (bulk 2006–2009): Biographical Information, Library of Virginia (Accession Number 44708)
  57. ^ a b c Transcript: Virginia Governor Tim Kaine’s Response, CQ Transcriptions (reprinted by The Washington Post) (January 31, 2006); see video of the response via C-SPAN.
  58. ^ Gorman, Sean (June 1, 2015). “Macker-Meter: Preserve 400,000 acres of open space”. PolitiFact. It’s becoming a tradition for winning gubernatorial candidates to make campaign promises to preserve 400,000 acres from development. Tim Kaine did it in 2005 and state figures show he met his pledge.
  59. ^ Virginia Conservation Lands Database, Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (accessed July 22, 2016) (“DCR was also responsible for tracking the progress of Former Governor Tim Kaine’s 4-year, 400,000 acre Land Conservation Goal”).
  60. ^ a b Kaine Announces Near Record Land Conservation, WHSV-TV, January 19, 2009, archived from the original on April 26, 2019, retrieved July 22, 2016
  61. ^ a b Lydia Wheeler, McAuliffe reconvenes climate commission Tim Kaine formed the group in 2008 when he was governor Archived July 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Virginian-Pilot (July 3, 2014).
  62. ^ Jenna Portnoy, McAuliffe sets solar energy goal for Va. government, The Washington Post (December 21, 2015).
  63. ^ Craig, Tim (March 30, 2008). “Kaine Says Coal-Burning Power Plant Is Necessary”. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  64. ^ “Wise County VA residents speak out against coal plant”. Appalachian Voices (Press release). December 13, 2009.
  65. ^ “Statement of Governor Kaine on Tougher Restrictions on Mountaintop Mining Proposed by Obama Administration” (Press release). Office of the Governor, Commonwealth of Virginia. June 8, 2009. Archived from the original on January 15, 2010.{{cite press release}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  66. ^ Shear, Michael D. (October 27, 2006). “Kaine Bans Smoking in Most Government Offices”. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  67. ^ Kumar, Anita (March 10, 2009). “Smoking Ban Signed as VA Democrats Take Aim at GOP Nominee”. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  68. ^ a b Tim Craig, Kaine Wants Stronger Opt-Out for HPV Vaccine, The Washington Post (February 28, 2007).
  69. ^ a b Craig, Tim (March 3, 2007). “Kaine Says He’ll Sign Bill Making Shots Mandatory”. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  70. ^ Jane Ford, Virginia Gov. Timothy Kaine Announces 10 Percent Increase in Nursing Faculty Salaries Archived September 30, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, UVA Today (University of Virginia) (February 28, 2007).
  71. ^ a b Mass Shootings at April 16, 2007: Report of the Review Panel Presented to Governor Kaine, Commonwealth of Virginia (August 2007).
  72. ^ a b c Tim Craig, Thorough Review Set Of Va. Tech, The Washington Post (May 2, 2007).
  73. ^ Transcript of Gov. Tim Kaine’s Convocation remarks Archived August 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (April 17, 2007).
  74. ^ Kaine Announces Mental Health Changes Archived July 28, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press (December 14, 2007).
  75. ^ Tim Craig (May 1, 2007). “Ban on Sale Of Guns to Mentally Ill Is Expanded”. The Washington Post. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
  76. ^ a b c Vozzella, Laura (November 2, 2012). “A look at the Virginia Senate candidates’ records as governor”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  77. ^ a b John W. Schoen, Possible Hillary VP pick Tim Kaine brings solid economic record, CNBC (July 22, 2016).
  78. ^ Warren Fiske, Tim Kaine says he cut $5 billion in spending as governor, PolitiFact (October 24, 2012).
  79. ^ a b c Jacob Geiger (April 7, 2011). “Tim Kaine says Virginia named best managed state, best for business while he was governor”. PolitiFact.
  80. ^ MacGillis, Alec (September 7, 2006). “No Tunnel For Tysons, Kaine Says”. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  81. ^ Sean Gorman (July 28, 2016). “Donald Trump says Tim Kaine proposed $4 billion tax increase during first week as governor”. PolitiFact. Six days after taking office in January 2006, Kaine proposed an unsuccessful measure to raise $1 billion a year to deal with long-standing transportation woes. Trump’s campaign points to a next-day article in The Washington Post that said the plan would generate close to $4 billion by the time Kaine’s term ended in 2010. Kaine wanted to raise taxes on auto insurance and vehicle purchases in addition to increasing car registration fees.
  82. ^ Robert Farley (August 5, 2016). “Kaine vs. Pence on Unemployment”. Annenberg Public Policy Center. Not long after taking office, Kaine proposed higher taxes on auto insurance and purchases, as well as higher fees for car registration and stiffer fines for driving offenses. The Washington Post estimated the higher taxes and fees would raise revenue of $1 billion a year, or $4 billion total over the four years of Kaine’s term. The extra money would have been earmarked to ease the state’s transportation woes — going to mass transit, highway construction and road projects.
  83. ^ Michael D. Shear & Rosalind S. Helderman, Va. Leaders Push Increase In Taxes, Fees To Aid Roads, The Washington Post (January 21, 2006): “Kaine … and a bipartisan group of state senators offered competing proposals Friday to raise taxes and fees, with each plan generating close to $4 billion by 2010, to relieve the state’s congested transportation network. … Kaine is seeking higher taxes on auto insurance and the purchase of a car as well as stiffer fees for car registration and driving offenses. With nearly $1 billion more to spend each year, the new governor said, he can double the state’s support for mass transit, increase highway construction by 90 percent and revive stalled road projects. The money would help build a connected network of carpool or express toll lanes on all of Northern Virginia’s major highways, buy rail cars for Virginia Railway Express and Metro, widen Interstates 95 and 66, and fix traffic bottlenecks.”
  84. ^ Michael D. Shear, Kaine Tries to Steer Support for Traffic Budget, The Washington Post (March 29, 2006).
  85. ^ Corey Dade, Kaine’s Versatile Appeal Gives Him a Shot to Run With Obama, The Wall Street Journal (August 1, 2008).
  86. ^ Va. Gov. Kaine Calls Special Session to Address Transportation Funding, Insurance Journal (March 13, 2006).
  87. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Craig, Tim (February 24, 2007). “Va. GOP Lawmakers Hammer Out Transportation Bill”. The Washington Post.
  88. ^ a b Shear, Michael D.; Gardner, Amy (February 25, 2007). “Va. House, Senate Approve Roads Bill”. The Washington Post.
  89. ^ Michael D. Shear, Kaine Warns Lawmakers About Transit Bill, The Washington Post (February 23, 2007).
  90. ^ Final Endorsement of Road Funding, Albeit With Tepid Praise and Regret, The Washington Post (April 5, 2007).
  91. ^ a b Nancy Madsen (May 11, 2012). “Tim Kaine says pre-kindergarten program expanded 40 percent when he was governor”. PolitiFact.
  92. ^ “A Guide to the Governor Timothy M. Kaine, Executive Office-Chief of Staff, Records, 2006–2009”. Library of Virginia.
  93. ^ a b c d Jerry Markon, Sniper Judge Takes Seat on Virginia Supreme Court, The Washington Post (August 28, 2008).
  94. ^ a b c d Alicia Petska, Kaine: Plan to oust Va. Supreme Court appointee is worrisome, Roanoke Times (August 9, 2015)
  95. ^ Julian Walker & Michelle Washington, Norfolk’s Judge Griffith won’t be reappointed Archived August 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Pilot-Virginian (March 11, 2008).
  96. ^ Walker, Julian (February 9, 2008). “Lawmakers confirm judges’ appointments”. Virginian-Pilot. Archived from the original on July 27, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  97. ^ “Virginia Governor Tim Kaine Accepts Resignation of Controversial Appointee”. Fox News Channel. September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  98. ^ “Immigration official resigns after ‘jihad’ remark”. Associated Press. September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  99. ^ Obama, Barack. “Remarks Announcing the Appointment of Tim Kaine as Chairman of the Democratic National Committee”. The American Presidency Project. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  100. ^ Chris Cillizza (January 5, 2009). “Tim Kaine and the Future of Obama For America”. The Washington Post. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  101. ^ a b Bailey, Holly (October 20, 2009). “Why Is Tim Kaine So Low-Key as DNC Chair?”. Newsweek. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  102. ^ a b c Patrick Caldwell, He’s No One’s Idea of a Liberal Hero, But Tim Kaine Is a Natural Fit for Clinton: Behind the Virginia senator’s moderate reputation is a history of quiet progressive activism, Mother Jones (July 7, 2016).
  103. ^ a b Smith, Ben (October 26, 2016). “Tim Kaine: Nice guy in a nasty time”. POLITICO. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  104. ^ Dennis, Brady; Wallsten, Peter (February 18, 2011). “Obama joins Wisconsin’s budget battle, opposing Republican anti-union bill”. The Washington Post. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  105. ^ Governor Kaine to Teach at Law School Archived August 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine (press release), University of Richmond (March 27, 2010).
  106. ^ Virginia Gov. Timothy M. Kaine to resume teaching career in law and leadership at University of Richmond after end of his term in January 2010 Archived August 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine (press release), University of Richmond (November 5, 2009).
  107. ^ “Talk with Gov. Tim Kaine”. The Washington Post. January 13, 2010.
  108. ^ “Kaine provides Clinton ticket with more lobbying, fundraising ties”. July 25, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  109. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (July 7, 2011). “Mike Henry Returns to Va. Politics to Run Kaine Campaign”. Roll Call. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  110. ^ Cillizza, Chris (April 5, 2011). “Tim Kaine announces for Senate in Virginia”. The Washington Post. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
  111. ^ O’Brien, Michael (April 5, 2011) “Tim Kaine launches Virginia Senate bid”, The Hill. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
  112. ^ “Kaine hits the road to tout economic plan”, The Washington Post. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  113. ^ “Republicans fight to reclaim the Senate majority: 2012 races to watch”. ABC. June 1, 2012.
  114. ^ Hendrix, Steve (October 18, 2012). “Tim Kaine’s convictions and ambitions”. The Washington Post.
  115. ^ a b Nolan, Jim (November 17, 2016). “Tim Kaine says he won’t run for president in 2020”. Richmond Times-Dispatch.
  116. ^ Folley, Aris (October 27, 2018). “Virginia paper backs Kaine over Trump ally Corey Stewart”. The Hill. Retrieved October 28, 2018. The Virginia newspaper’s endorsement marks the first time in decades the publication has backed a Democrat for statewide office, according to its website.
  117. ^ Antonio Olivo (September 8, 2018). “Kaine, far ahead in his Senate race, tries to expand the map in Virginia for other Democrats”. The Washington Post. Retrieved November 12, 2018. Kaine, far ahead in campaign cash and poll numbers over Stewart, has traveled this summer to all seven House districts where Democratic challengers — five of them first-time candidates — are taking on a Republican incumbent.
  118. ^ “2018 Virginia General Election Results”. WTOP. November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2018. Tim Kaine (D) 15.71 point margin
  119. ^ Zaslav, Ali; Barrett, Ted; Foran, Clare (January 20, 2023). “Virginia Democratic Sen. Tim Kaine announces he’s running for reelection in 2024”. CNN. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  120. ^ Manchester, Julia (January 20, 2023). “Sen. Tim Kaine says he will run for reelection in Virginia”. The Hill. Retrieved January 20, 2023.
  121. ^ “Republican Hung Cao projected to face Tim Kaine in Virginia Senate race”. The Washington Post. June 18, 2024.
  122. ^ Peralta, Eyder (June 13, 2013). “With A Speech In Spanish, Tim Kaine Makes Senate History”. NPR. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  123. ^ a b c Herb, Jeremy (July 22, 2016). “How Kaine rehabbed his VP resume”. Politico. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  124. ^ United States Senate Financial Disclosures: Annual Report for Calendar 2013 (Amendment 1): The Honorable Timothy M. Kaine (Kaine, Tim) (filed July 22, 2015).
  125. ^ a b Matthews, Dylan (July 23, 2016). “Tim Kaine is Clinton’s VP pick, a mostly safe choice that will piss off pro-choice activists”. Vox. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  126. ^ “Tim Kaine – Ballotpedia”. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  127. ^ “Will liberals be upset with Tim Kaine?”. The Washington Post. July 22, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  128. ^ “Tim Kaine’s Republican fan club”. Politico. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  129. ^ “Hillary Clinton Picks Tim Kaine As Her Vice Presidential Running Mate”. WBUR. July 22, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  130. ^ Firozi, Paulina (July 23, 2016). “Vulnerable GOP senators praise Kaine”. The Hill. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  131. ^ a b Alan He, Tim Kaine says Trump has “authoritarian tendencies”, CBS News (February 7, 2017).
  132. ^ Niels Lesniewski, Tim Kaine on the Constitution’s ‘230-Year Checkup’ Archived April 14, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Roll Call (February 14, 2017).
  133. ^ Max Greenwood, Kaine discusses refugee crisis with Pope Francis during Vatican visit, The Hill (February 22, 2017).
  134. ^ a b Sen. Tim Kaine meets Pope Francis in Vatican City, WTKR (February 23, 2017).
  135. ^ The Truman Doctrine at 70 Archived May 9, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Royal Institute of International Affairs (February 24, 2017).
  136. ^ Kaine, Portman Announce Career & Technical Education Caucus (press release), Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine (January 30, 2014).
  137. ^ Policy and Advocacy: House/Senate CTE Caucus (accessed July 22, 2016).
  138. ^ a b c d e f g Jeremy Herb, Kaine on the issues: Not always taking the party line, Politico (July 23, 2016).
  139. ^ a b Jim Nolan, Kaine to introduce legislation on high school career and technical education, Richmond Times-Dispatch (March 16, 2016).
  140. ^ Kaine continues career, technical education push with new bill, Augusta Free Press (March 15, 2017).
  141. ^ BarackObamadotcom (February 9, 2008). “Gov. Tim Kaine Supports Barack Obama”. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021 – via YouTube.
  142. ^ “Sources: Bayh, Kaine out of Obama’s VP race – Politics”. Associated Press. August 22, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  143. ^ Bellantoni, Christina (August 3, 2008). “Vetting Obama’s ‘man’. The Washington Times.
  144. ^ Smith, Ben; Parnes, Amie. “Kaine very high on Obama’s short VP list”. Politico. Retrieved July 28, 2008.
  145. ^ “Running Mates”. The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  146. ^ “Obama introduces Biden as running mate”. CNN. August 23, 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  147. ^ Glenn Thrush (August 16, 2019). “Obama and Biden’s Relationship Looks Rosy. It Wasn’t Always That Simple”. The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  148. ^ Obama, Barack (2020). A Promised Land. Great Britain: Viking. p. 162. ISBN 978-0-241-49151-5.
  149. ^ Obama, Barack (2020). A Promised Land. Great Britain: Viking. pp. 164–165. ISBN 978-0-241-49151-5.
  150. ^ Karni, Annie; Debenedetti, Gabriel (June 23, 2016). “Sources: Kaine rises to top of Clinton’s veep list”. Politico. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
  151. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Merica, Dan (June 21, 2016). “Clinton closing in on running mate search”. CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  152. ^ Chozick, Amy; Martin, Jonathan (July 20, 2016). “Bill Clinton Said to Back Virginia’s Tim Kaine for Vice President”. The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  153. ^ Chozick, Amy (July 22, 2016). “Hillary Clinton Selects Tim Kaine, a Centrist Senator From a Swing State, as Running Mate”. The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  154. ^ Mazzei, Patricia; Sherman, Amy; Daugherty, Alex (July 23, 2016). “At FIU, Kaine joins Clinton on stage for first time as VP pick”. Miami Herald. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  155. ^ Keneally, Meghan; Struyk, Ryan (July 27, 2016). “Tim Kaine Nominated as the Democratic Vice Presidential Candidate”. ABC News. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
  156. ^ Ben Geier, Tim Kaine Finally Brings Glory to Old Virginia as Clinton’s VP Pick, Fortune (July 22, 2016).
  157. ^ Schapiro, Jeff (July 20, 2016). “Schapiro: Don’t underestimate Tim Kaine, say ex-foes Jerry Kilgore, George Allen”. Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  158. ^ Presidential Tax Returns, Tax History Project, Tax Analysts (accessed September 14, 2016).
  159. ^ Steve Eder & Kitty Bennett, Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine Show New Tax Returns, Pressuring Donald Trump, The New York Times (August 12, 2016).
  160. ^ Burgess Everett, Kaine releases health records, Politico (September 14, 2016).
  161. ^ Hillary Clinton, Tim Kaine release additional medical information while Donald Trump defies decades-old tradition of disclosure Archived October 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Hillary for America (September 14, 2016).
  162. ^ Edelman, Adam (September 6, 2016). “Hillary Clinton, Tim Kaine release campaign book titled ‘Stronger Together’. New York Daily News. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  163. ^ Annie Karni, Exclusive: Robert Barnett to play Mike Pence in Tim Kaine debate prep, Politico (September 17, 2016).
  164. ^ Mike Allen, Exclusive: Here’s who’s playing Tim Kaine in GOP debate prep, Politico (September 17, 2016).
  165. ^ Elliott, Philip. “Why Mike Pence Didn’t Defend Donald Trump”. Time Magazine. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  166. ^ Wagner, John. “Tim Kaine seemed like he was trying too hard at the VP debate”. Washington Post. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  167. ^ Struyk, Ryan. “Tim Kaine Interrupted Mike Pence 70 Times in Vice Presidential Debate”. ABC News. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  168. ^ Jugal K. Patel & Wilson Andrews, Trump’s Electoral College Victory Ranks 46th in 58 Elections, The New York Times (December 18, 2016).
  169. ^ a b c Jenna Portnoy, Tim Kaine returns to the Senate, seemingly untarnished by devastating loss, The Washington Post (November 9, 2016).
  170. ^ a b Harry Enten (June 22, 2016). “Hillary Clinton Picks Tim Kaine, Betting She Can Beat Trump Without a Splashy VP”. FiveThirtyEight.
  171. ^ a b c d e Anne Gearan (July 22, 2016). “Will liberals be upset with Tim Kaine?”. The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  172. ^ 2014 Congressional Voting Record Archived May 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, ADA Today (Americans for Democratic Action).
  173. ^ a b Ed Kilgore, Tim Kaine and the Evolution of Pro-Choice Politics, New York (June 23, 2016).
  174. ^ Samuelsohn, Darren; Strauss, Daniel (June 4, 2016). “Tim Kaine’s abortion predicament”. Politico.
  175. ^ Manu Raju, Tim Kaine: ‘I’m a strong supporter of Roe v. Wade’, CNN (July 15, 2016).
  176. ^ “Kaine: Keep Roe, Hussein Needed to Go”. Political Radar. ABC News. July 31, 2008. Archived from the original on August 5, 2008. Retrieved July 31, 2008.
  177. ^ a b c Kumar, Anita (March 31, 2009). “Kaine Signs Bill to Create ‘Choose Life’ Plate”. The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  178. ^ Strauss, Daniel (February 10, 2012). “Tim Kaine praises Obama on changing contraception rule”. The Hill.
  179. ^ “On the Issues: Abortion”. Tim Kaine for Governor. October 2005. Archived from the original on October 16, 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  180. ^ a b Tim Craig, Abstinence-Only Sex-Ed Funds Cut Off by Kaine, The Washington Post (November 13, 2007).
  181. ^ a b “The Voter’s Self Defense System”. Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  182. ^ a b “Warner, Kaine Push SEC To Require Public Companies To Disclose Their Political Spending To Shareholders” (Press release). Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine. August 31, 2015.
  183. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Kaplan, Thomas (July 23, 2016). “On Death Penalty Cases, Tim Kaine Revealed Inner Conflict”. The New York Times’.
  184. ^ Markon, Jerry (June 10, 2008). “Va. Governor Commutes Death Sentence”. The Washington Post.
  185. ^ Sandhya Somashekhar, Kaine Vetoes Death Penalty Expansion, The Washington Post (March 27, 2007).
  186. ^ Harry Minium, Kaine vetoes five bills that would expand death penalty Archived August 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Virginian-Pilot (March 27, 2007).
  187. ^ Hardy, Michael; Shapiro, Jeff E. (April 5, 2007). “Assembly overrides, upholds Kaine vetoes on death penalty”. Richmond Times-Dispatch.
  188. ^ Axelrod, Tal (July 31, 2019). “Booker, Durbin and Leahy introduce bill to ban death penalty”. The Hill.
  189. ^ a b c d Kaine: Solution To Climate Change Is American Innovation, Office of Senator Tim Kaine (March 11, 2014).
  190. ^ a b c “Tim Kaine Senate Website – Energy”. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  191. ^ “Kaine Statement On Passage Of Keystone XL Pipeline Legislation”. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  192. ^ Soraghan, Mike (January 29, 2015). “Senate votes to keep ‘Halliburton loophole’; regulation stays with states”. EnergyWire.
  193. ^ a b “National Environmental Scorecard – Tim Kaine”. League of Conservation Voters. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  194. ^ “Kaine Introduces Bipartisan Bill To Streamline American LNG Exports”. January 7, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  195. ^ Stuart, Bob (November 18, 2014). “Kaine, Warner praise George Washington forest fracking decision”. Waynesboro News Virginian.
  196. ^ “Tim Kaine Senate Website – Kaine Statement On Atlantic Oil Drilling Announcement”. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
  197. ^ “U.S. Sens. Warner, Kaine introduce bill to let offshore drilling start in 2020”. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  198. ^ a b c Sean Gorman (August 29, 2016). “Kaine reverses stance on offshore drilling”. PolitiFact.
  199. ^ Green, Miranda (March 12, 2019). “Democrats offer legislation to counter White House climate science council”. The Hill.
  200. ^ Green, Miranda (April 5, 2019). “Bipartisan senators want ‘highest possible’ funding for carbon capture technology”. The Hill.
  201. ^ Rushton, Christine (July 22, 2016). “Liberals rip into Sen. Tim Kaine over letter that they see as pro-banking”. Los Angeles Times.
  202. ^ Gearan, Anne (July 21, 2016). “Liberals criticize Kaine for supporting regulations pushed by banks”. The Washington Post.
  203. ^ a b c d e f g h Shepherd, Katie; Rappeport, Alan (July 22, 2016). “How Tim Kaine and Hillary Clinton Compare on the Issues”. The New York Times.
  204. ^ “Moderate Kaine toes a fine line on Israel issues”. The Times of Israel. July 23, 2016.
  205. ^ “Senate – Aipac” (PDF). September 19, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2016.
  206. ^ “Saudi Arabia Gets Bipartisan Backing for Yemen Airstrikes”. U.S. News. March 27, 2015.
  207. ^ Kheel, Rebecca (October 10, 2018). “Senators demand answers on Trump administration backing of Saudi coalition in Yemen”. The Hill.
  208. ^ Andrew Desiderio, Sen. Kaine: Trump approved nuclear tech transfer to Saudis after Khashoggi’s murder, Politico (June 4, 2019).
  209. ^ De Luce, Dan; Windrem, Robert (June 4, 2019). “Trump admin gave green light to nuclear permits for Saudi Arabia after Khashoggi killing”. NBC News.
  210. ^ “U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 115th Congress – 1st Session”. July 27, 2017.
  211. ^ Johnson, Alex (July 28, 2017). “Senate joins House in overwhelmingly passing new Russian sanctions”. NBC News. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  212. ^ Frazin, Rachel (April 4, 2019). “More than 30 Senate Dems ask Trump to reconsider Central American aid cuts”. The Hill.
  213. ^ Ghosh, Nirmal (May 24, 2019). “US Bill reintroduced to deter China in South China, East China seas”. The Straits Times.
  214. ^ Swan, Jonathan; Savage, Charlie; Haberman, Maggie (December 9, 2023). “Fears of a NATO Withdrawal Rise as Trump Seeks a Return to Power”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  215. ^ “Biden admin ‘keeping the American public in the dark’ on Israeli weapons: US senator”. Al Jazeera. December 30, 2023.
  216. ^ Amiri, Farnoush; Knickmeyer, Ellen (March 5, 2024). “Biden’s closest allies are stepping up pressure on White House to do more to ease suffering in Gaza”. Associated Press.
  217. ^ a b c Kaine, Time (August 2017). “A New Truman Doctrine: Grand Strategy in a Hyperconnected World”. Foreign Affairs. 96 (4): 36–53.
  218. ^ “Freedom in the World 2017: Freedom decline continues amid rising populism and autocracy”. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  219. ^ Moreland, Will (July 31, 2017). “The geopolitics of democracy promotion”. Brookings. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  220. ^ “Tim Kaine for U.S. Senate”. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  221. ^ Tim Kaine (September 23, 2014). “A Better Approach to War Powers”. PRISM Magazine. National Defense University.
  222. ^ Leahy, Norman; Goldman, Paul (July 22, 2016). “From the archive: Tim Kaine probably is at the top of everyone’s VP list”. The Washington Post; republishing post of October 14, 2014.
  223. ^ a b Martin Matishak, Kaine: Trump not a ‘king,’ can’t go to war without Congress, Politico (April 15, 2018).
  224. ^ a b c d Ryan Evans (February 10, 2014). “5 Questions with Senator Tim Kaine on War Powers and National Defense”. War on the Rocks.
  225. ^ “War Powers Consultation Act of 2014”. Council on Foreign Relations. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016.
  226. ^ “Dem senators tell Trump he doesn’t have ‘legal authority’ to launch preemptive strike on North Korea”. The Hill. February 5, 2018.
  227. ^ Portnoy, Jenna (January 9, 2020). “With Iran war powers resolution, Kaine finds new way to push his signature issue”. The Washington Post. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  228. ^ Rachel Oswald, Senate passes resolution that would limit Trump’s war powers on Iran, Roll Call (February 13, 2020).
  229. ^ Nikki Carvajal, Trump vetoes Iran War Powers resolution, CNN (May 6, 2020).
  230. ^ Connor O’Brien, Senate fails to overturn Trump’s Iran war powers veto, Politico (May 7, 2020).
  231. ^ Meg Anderson (July 23, 2016). “Where Tim Kaine and Hillary Clinton Stand On Key Issues”. NPR.
  232. ^ Tim Mak (November 22, 2014). “Politics End In Halifax As Democratic and GOP Senators Seek Common Ground on National Security”. The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  233. ^ Mueller, Eleanor (April 7, 2017). “Kaine: ‘No legal justification’ for Syria strike”. CNN.
  234. ^ Colin Wilhelm, Kaine: Trump should have asked Congress to authorize Syria airstrikes, Politico (April 9, 2017).
  235. ^ Mali, Meghashyam (December 11, 2014). “Senate panel approves ISIS measure barring ground troops”. The Hill.
  236. ^ Bradner, Eric (February 8, 2015). “Senators: No ground troops against ISIS”. CNN.
  237. ^ Beauchamp, Zack (July 23, 2016). “Tim Kaine, Hillary Clinton’s VP pick, told us why he wants the US doing more in Syria”. Vox. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  238. ^ Kaine, Tim (October 31, 2015). “Sen. Tim Kaine Criticizes Obama’s Syria Strategy”. Weekend Edition Saturday. Interviewed by Scott Simon. NPR.
  239. ^ Tillett, Emily (April 16, 2018). “Sen. Tim Kaine on “illegal” Syria strike: “We have a president, not a king”. CBS News. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  240. ^ Katherine Fung (February 26, 2021). “Senator Tim Kaine demands answers from Biden for not consulting Congress on Syria strike”. Newsweek. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  241. ^ Stein, Sam (May 25, 2011). “Kaine Throws Support Behind Gun Control Measure As White House Remains Silent”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  242. ^ “Sen. Hirono Introduces Military Domestic Violence Reporting Enhancement Act”. November 15, 2017.
  243. ^ Carney, Jordain (March 26, 2018). “Senate Dems request health panel hearing on school shootings”. The Hill. Archived from the original on March 31, 2018.
  244. ^ Frazin, Rachel (June 25, 2019). “Democratic senator introduces bill to ban gun silencers”. The Hill. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019.
  245. ^ Lima, Cristiano; White, Ben (July 22, 2016). “Kaine unveiling draws mixed reviews from liberals”. Politico. Archived from the original on July 24, 2016.
  246. ^ “Stand Against Tim Kaine”. NRA-PVF. Archived from the original on September 25, 2021. Retrieved September 8, 2023.
  247. ^ Broverman, Neal (July 22, 2016). “Hillary Clinton’s VP: Time Kaine”. The Advocate. Archived from the original on July 24, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  248. ^ Jerrita Patterson (October 8, 2012). “Allen, Kaine to square off in hotly contested Senate debate”. WTVR.
  249. ^ Seung Min Kim, Kaine: Let’s have Obamacare debate – but not now, Politico (September 29, 2013).
  250. ^ Sullivan, Peter (February 25, 2018). “Democrats march toward single-payer health care”. The Hill. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
  251. ^ “U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Calls on Trump Administration to Stop Pushing Health Insurance Plans that Weaken Pre-Existing Condition Protections” (Press release). Office of U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin. December 20, 2018 – via
  252. ^ Holdren, Wendy (January 4, 2019). “Legislation introduced to secure miners pensions and health care”. The Register-Herald.
  253. ^ Carney, Jordain (December 20, 2016). “Senate Dems, Sanders ask Trump to help lower drug prices”. The Hill.
  254. ^ “Kaléo’s opioid overdose drug went from $690 to $4,500—and senators want answers”. Ars Technica. February 9, 2017.
  255. ^ “Sen. Kaine calls on pharmaceutical companies to explain skyrocketing insulin prices”. WVEC. February 5, 2019.
  256. ^ “U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Requests Data from Trump Administration on Consequences of Texas v. United States Prevailing” (Press release). Office of U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin. August 1, 2019 – via Urban Milwaukee.
  257. ^ “Manchin, colleagues send letter urging permanent funding for miners health care, pensions”. September 16, 2019.
  258. ^ Jessica Weiss, Tim Kaine, fluent Spanish speaker, is Clinton’s VP pick, Univision News (July 22, 2016).
  259. ^ Stephen Igo, Warner, Kaine support Obama’s immigration actions, Kingsport Times-News (December 4, 2015).
  260. ^ Warner, Kaine Join Supreme Court Amicus Brief Demonstrating Congressional Support For Immigration Executive Actions (press release), Office of U.S. Senator Tim Kaine (March 8, 2016).
  261. ^ Domingo, Ida (July 11, 2019). “Senate Democrats to Trump: don’t deport military families”.
  262. ^ Self, Zac (July 11, 2019). “Bill would block immigration raids at schools, courthouses”. KGTV.
  263. ^ Jenkins, Chris L. (November 8, 2006). “Ban on Same-Sex Unions Added to Va. Constitution”. The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  264. ^ Weiner, Rachel (March 28, 2013). “What you might have missed from gay marriage’s big week”. The Washington Post.
  265. ^ Reese, Phil (March 26, 2013). “Kaine, two more U.S. senators back marriage equality”. Washington Blade.
  266. ^ Kaine Statement on Final Passage of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (press release), Office of Senator Tim Kaine (November 7, 2013).
  267. ^ Marc, Fisher (March 1, 2005). “Kaine-Kilgore Race Will Be Waged on GOP’s Chosen Turf”. The Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  268. ^ Geiger, Jacob (May 27, 2011). “On whether judges should be allowed to place children with gay couples who wish to adopt”. PolitiFact.
  269. ^ Pershing, Ben (May 8, 2012). “Tim Kaine pressed on gay marriage stance”. The Washington Post.
  270. ^ Wagner, John (September 10, 2016). “Kaine predicts Catholic church will change its teaching on gay marriage”. The Washington Post. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  271. ^ Roewe, Brian (September 14, 2016). “US bishops squelch Tim Kaine’s hopes that church may embrace same-sex marriage”. National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  272. ^ Rodriguez, Jesus (October 11, 2018). “Democratic senators demand Pompeo reverse visa denials for LGBTQ diplomats’ partners”. Politico.
  273. ^ Kelly, Ray (June 14, 2019). “US. Sens. Markey, Warren question State Department refusal to fly rainbow flags at embassies during Pride month”.
  274. ^ Pershing, Ben (October 8, 2012). “In Va. Senate race, anti-Kaine message focuses more on taxes, less on Obama”. The Washington Post.
  275. ^ Sausser, Lauren (October 12, 2012). “Tim Kaine Answers Your Questions”. Archived from the original on June 5, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  276. ^ David Ress, Roanoke leaders talk to Kaine about online sales tax, Postal Service, Roanoke Times (May 2, 2013).
  277. ^ Jacob Geiger, Legislation on Internet sales tax is big for Va.: Bill in U.S. Senate could produce $168M for roads projects here, Richmond Times-Dispatch (April 29, 2013).
  278. ^ Aaron Martin, Tim Kaine frustrated by stalled internet sales tax bill, WSLS (July 29, 2013).
  279. ^ a b Tim Kaine, Virginia Is a Global Gateway, Richmond Times-Dispatch (May 16, 2015).
  280. ^ Jilani, Zaid (July 21, 2016). “Hours Before Hillary Clinton’s VP Decision, Likely Pick Tim Kaine Praises the TPP”. The Intercept. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  281. ^ Palmer, Doug (July 23, 2016). “Kaine comes out against Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal”. Politico. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  282. ^ Chozik, Amy (July 21, 2016). “Tim Kaine Seems Likely for Hillary Clinton’s No. 2, but Liberals Balk”. The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  283. ^ Kaine, Tim (February 9, 2006). “How I Won”. Blueprint Magazine. Democratic Leadership Council. Archived from the original on February 14, 2012. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  284. ^ a b Flint, Anthony (July 24, 2016). “Tim Kaine the Urbanist”. CityLab. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  285. ^ a b Peter Bacque, “High-speed rail line would include various stops in Va.,” Richmond Times-Dispatch (June 4, 2009).
  286. ^ Sarah Krouse, Amtrak to provide commuter service to Richmond, Lynchburg, Washington Business Journal (June 5, 2009).
  287. ^ Yonah Freemark, A Bipartisan Push for Rail in Virginia Produces Ridership Successes, The Transport Politic (June 18, 2012).
  288. ^ “Wyden, Merkley urge more affordable housing funds”. KTVZ. April 16, 2019. Archived from the original on April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  289. ^ a b Schleifer, Theodore; Lim, Naomi (July 22, 2016). “Labor, abortion rights groups praise Kaine pick”. CNN.
  290. ^ Dave Ress (January 29, 2014). “Kaine pushes paycheck fairness act”. Daily Press.
  291. ^ Alex Seitz-Wald, Hillary Clinton Opts for Experience Over Exhilaration in Tim Kaine Pick, NBC News (July 22, 2016).
  292. ^ “Tim Kaine on his ‘political hero,’ father-in-law Linwood Holton”. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
  293. ^ a b Vozzella, Laura (January 3, 2014). “McAuliffe picks Anne Holton for Va. education secretary”. The Washington Post’.
  294. ^ Balingit, Moriah; Brown, Emma (July 22, 2016). “Meet Tim Kaine’s wife, a longtime child welfare advocate and Virginia’s secretary of education”. The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  295. ^ Moriah Balingit, Anne Holton, wife of Clinton’s running mate, resigns as Va.’s education secretary, The Washington Post (July 26, 2016).
  296. ^ a b Alan Suderman, Self-assured, Kaine brings a steady hand to Clinton ticket Archived July 31, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press (July 22, 2016).
  297. ^ “Tim Kaine: Everything You Need to Know”. ABC News. July 22, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  298. ^ Gangitano, Alex (March 17, 2016). “Tim Kaine’s Secret Weapon: The Harmonica”. Roll Call.
  299. ^ Heim, Joe (May 28, 2015). “Tim Kaine still gets inspired by people. Just don’t ask him to run for president”. The Washington Post.
  300. ^ Cole, Devan (May 28, 2020). “Tim Kaine says he and his wife tested positive for coronavirus antibodies – CNNPolitics”. CNN. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  301. ^ Flynn, Meagan. “Kaine introduces bill to research and combat long covid, after suffering it himself”. The Washington Post. Retrieved March 3, 2022.
  302. ^ “Kaine, Markey & Duckworth Introduce Bill to Help People Living with Long COVID | U.S. Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia”. March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  303. ^ Sen. Tim Kaine Opens Up About His Experience With Long COVID-19 | Amanpour and Company, March 17, 2022, retrieved March 18, 2022
  304. ^ Darren Samuelsohn (July 23, 2013). “Kaine email trove shows media-savvy micromanager”. Politico.
  305. ^ Transcript, Meet the Press, NBC News (June 26, 2016).
  306. ^ Richmond Past Honorees Archived September 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine (website), Virginia Center for Inclusive Communities (Retrieved July 23, 2016).
  307. ^ Virginia Council of Churches honors Gov. Tim Kaine and Bishop Peter James Lee, The Progress-Index (May 23, 2009).
  308. ^ Green Award honors Anne Holton and Tim Kaine, University of Richmond School of Law (March 1, 2012).
  309. ^ “Inter-American Dialogue |”. Archived from the original on March 6, 2021. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
  310. ^ Senators Kelly Ayotte and Tim Kaine Receive Appalachian Trail Conservancy Congressional Award Archived August 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Appalachian Trail Conservancy (2015).
  311. ^ 2016 Distinguished Service Award Dinner Honoring Senators Tim Kaine and Pat Roberts, Center for the National Interest (May 23, 2016).
  312. ^ Royal Decree 502/2017, 12 may, Spanish Official Journal (May 13, 2017) (in Spanish).
  313. ^ “Virginia Elections Database of 2001 Lieutenant Governor Democratic Primary”. Virginia Elections Database. Virginia Department of Elections. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  314. ^ “Virginia Elections Database of 2001 Lieutenant Governor General Election”. Virginia Elections Database. Virginia Department of Elections. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  315. ^ “Virginia Elections Database of 1997 Lieutenant Governor General Election”. Virginia Elections Database. Virginia Department of Elections. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  316. ^ “General Election- November 8, 2005”. Archived from the original on July 2, 2014.
  317. ^ “Virginia Elections Database of Search Elections”. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
  318. ^ “2018 November General”. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2019.

Further reading


External links