Gerald Edward Connolly (born March 30, 1950) is an American politician serving as the U.S. representative for Virginia‘s 11th congressional district, first elected in 2008. The district is anchored in Fairfax County, an affluent suburban county west of Washington, D.C. It includes all of Fairfax City and part of Prince William County. Connolly is a member of the Democratic Party.

Early life and education

Connolly graduated from Maryknoll College in Glen Ellyn, Illinois,[1] with a B.A. in literature in 1971, and completed a Master of Public Administration from Harvard Kennedy School in 1979.


U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

Connolly worked from 1979 to 1989 with the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, where he managed committee oversight of international economic issues, international narcotics control, and United Nations and Middle East policies, and published reports on U.S. policy in El Salvador, Central America, Israel, and the Persian Gulf region.[2] From 1989 to 1997, he was Vice President of the Washington Office of SRI International. He was also Director of Community Relations for SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation).[3]

In local politics, Connolly served on the Fairfax Government Reorganization Commission from 1992 to 1993. In 1995, he was elected Providence District Supervisor, serving for nine years.

Fairfax County Board of Supervisors

Connolly during 2015 Fairfax City Independence Day parade

Connolly’s career as a public official began on March 28, 1995, when he won a special election for the Providence District seat on the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, defeating Republican Jeannemarie A. Devolites.[4] A rematch against Devolites in November of that same year saw Connolly reelected to a full four-year term on the board.[5] Connolly ran unopposed for reelection in November 1999. He was elected Chairman of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors in 2003 and reelected in 2007.

As chairman of the ten-member board, Connolly balanced a $4.5 billion budget and managed a county that would be the nation’s 13th-largest city, 12th-largest school district, and sixth-largest office market. He served as chairman of the county’s Legislative Committee and vice-chair of the Economic Advisory Committee. Connolly also served as chairman of the board of the Northern Virginia Transportation Commission (NVTC), chairman of the Northern Virginia Regional Commission (NVRC), and was chairman of the board of the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG). He also chaired the region’s Emergency Preparedness Taskforce and represented Fairfax County on the board of the Virginia Association of Counties (VaCo), where he also served as president.[citation needed]

U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

Past committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Legislation sponsored

Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (H.R. 1232; 113th Congress) As the ranking member of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, Connolly co-sponsored this bill with Darrell Issa. It is a proposed bill that would make changes and reforms to the current framework that manages how the federal government buys new technology.[13] One of the requirements would be that the government develop a streamlined plan for its acquisitions.[14] The bill would increase the power of existing chief information officers (CIO) within federal agencies so that they could be more effective.[15] Each agency would also be reduced to having only one CIO in the agency, who is then responsible for the success and failure of all IT projects in that agency.[16] The bill would also require the federal government to make use of private sector best practices.[15] The bill is intended to reduce IT procurement related waste.[17] Explaining the bill, Connolly said that “there are more than 250 identified CIOs in the federal government, yet none possess the necessary authority to effectively manage IT investments” which has “resulted in duplicative and wasteful IT spending.”[15] It passed the House in a voice vote on February 25, 2014.[14]

Government Reports Elimination Act of 2014 (H.R. 4194; 113th Congress) As the ranking member of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, Connolly co-sponsored this bill with Darrell Issa. It is a proposed bill that would eliminate approximately 100 required federal agency reports that are considered redundant or wasteful.[18] Connolly argued that “in today’s challenging fiscal environment, it is incumbent that we leverage every opportunity to streamline or eliminate antiquated agency reporting requirements that are duplicative, irrelevant or simply ignored.”[19] The bill passed in the House in a voice vote on April 28, 2014.[20]

Political positions

Connolly votes with President Joe Biden’s stated position 100% of the time, according to FiveThirtyEight analysis completed in January 2023.[21]


Connolly is pro-choice.[22] He voted against the Stupak Amendment to the Affordable Care Act, which placed stringent limits on health insurance companies offering abortion services. During the budget amendments process in 2011, he voted against an amendment that would have prevented taxpayer funds from going to Planned Parenthood.[23]

Trump impeachment

Connolly voted in favor of the articles of the first impeachment of Donald Trump. He said during debate on the articles that extorting “a foreign country to investigate your political opponent is an unconstitutional abuse of power. To solicit foreign interference in an American election is an unconstitutional abuse of power.”[24]

Civil liberties

Connolly has voted for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 regarding funding the US Armed Forces, including the paychecks delivered to soldiers but also including a controversial provision that allows the government and the military to detain anyone “who was part of or substantially supported al-Qaeda, the Taliban, or associated forces that are engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners”, and anyone who commits a “belligerent act” against the United States or its coalition allies in aid of such enemy forces, under the law of war, “without trial, until the end of the hostilities authorized by the Authorization of Use of Military Force.” The law would not grant new powers to the President but does codify federal court rulings on this issue and the detainment of unlawful combatants until hostilities are over is in accordance to the Geneva Conventions.[25][26]


Connolly has voted for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009,[27] the Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009,[28] the supplemental appropriations bill that established Cash for Clunkers,[28] and the Cash for Clunkers Extension.[29] Additionally, he voted for all of the 2010 governmental appropriations bills,[30][31][32][33][34][35] and he voted for the Continuing Appropriations Act for 2011.[36] He has voted against some large spending bills, including the release of $350 billion in bank bailout funds[37] and a $154 billion spending bill[38] because of concerns these would add to the federal deficit.[39]

He was a cosponsor of pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) budget legislation that was signed into law in February 2010.[40]

In May 2011, Connolly voted to increase the debt ceiling, but the measure failed by a significant margin.[41] It was his third such vote.[42]

Connolly was among the 46 Democrats who voted against final passage of the Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2023 in the House.[43]


Connolly voted in favor of the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009,[44] saying it would strengthen national security while spurring innovation in the energy industry.[45] In 2010, he voted in favor of ending a moratorium on deepwater drilling rigs that met certain safety standards.[46] Connolly is one of the 35 congressmen who founded the Sustainable Energy and Environment Coalition.[47]

LGBT issues

Connolly supports gay rights, having campaigned against the Marshall-Newman Amendment to the Virginia Constitution, which banned all gay unions from being performed or recognized in Virginia.[48] In Congress, he voted in favor of repealing the contentious “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” law that prohibited gays from serving openly in the military. He has also co-sponsored a few bills that would repeal portions of the Defense of Marriage Act—a federal law that had effectively banned same-sex marriage across the country.[49]


While on the Board of Supervisors for Fairfax County, Connolly sponsored an ordinance that would have made it illegal to transport a loaded shotgun in the back of one’s car.[50] In Congress, Connolly signed on to a measure that would have closed the gun show loophole by requiring that private sellers of firearms at gun shows engage in the same background check and reporting requirements as registered firearms dealers.[51] Connolly opposes allowing concealed weapons in schools and on college campuses.[52]

In November 2011, Connolly voted against the National Right to Carry Reciprocity Act, which would have exempted non-residents of states that prohibit concealed weapons from those restrictions.[53]

Health care

In 2009, Connolly was an early supporter of the Democratic health care plan, which ultimately became the America’s Affordable Health Choices Act, as well as the public health insurance option, saying at a live chat with constituents in September to a woman from Washington, D.C. that “One of my principles for health care reform is that it increases the choices you have. By setting up a health insurance exchange, we can give your family more insurance choices, hopefully including one that your daughter’s doctor chooses to accept”. Connolly voted against the Stupak-Pitts Amendment,[54] and in 2010 for the America’s Affordable Health Choices Act.

Connolly cited deficit reduction in explaining his health care vote.[55][56]

Connolly has adopted a conservative stance on Medicare for all.[57]


Connolly supports rescheduling marijuana to expand its availability for research and medicine.[58]

Military veterans

Connolly was a cosponsor of the Helping Active Duty Deployed Act[59] and the Veterans Health Care Budget Reform and Transparency Act.[60]


Connolly supported military intervention in Syria.[61]


Connolly voted to provide Israel with support following 2023 Hamas attack on Israel.[62][63] Though in the wake of the attack, he voted against recognizing anti-Zionism as a form of antisemitism.[64]

Political campaigns


Connolly scored a 24-point victory over his closest opponent, former Congresswoman Leslie L. Byrne, in the 2008 Democratic primary. He then defeated Republican nominee Keith Fimian by more than ten points for the open seat held by Republican incumbent Tom Davis.[65] The Independent Green Party candidate was Joseph P. Oddo.


Connolly was challenged again by Fimian in 2010. Also running were Libertarian David L. Dotson, Independent Green David William Gillis, Jr., and Independent Christopher F. DeCarlo. Connolly won by fewer than a thousand votes.[66]


Connolly was challenged by Republican nominee Chris Perkins, Green nominee Joe Galdo and independent candidates Peter Marchetti, Chris DeCarlo and Mark Gibson. He received 61% of the vote.[67] Connolly was significantly aided by redistricting. The old 11th had been reckoned a swing district, though Davis had held it without serious difficulty due to his popularity in the area. Redistricting made the 11th significantly more Democratic than its predecessor. Barack Obama carried the old 11th with 57% of the vote in 2008, but would have carried it with 61% of the vote under the new lines—making it one of the most Democratic white-majority districts in the South.


Connolly faced Republican Suzanne Scholte, Green Joe Galdo, and Libertarian Marc Harrold in his reelection bid, winning with 56.86% of the vote.[68]


Connolly ran unopposed for reelection in 2016.[69][70] He was reelected with 87.89% of the vote.[71]


Connolly faced Republican challenger, U.S. Army veteran Jeff Dove and Libertarian Stevan Porter in the 2018 election.[72]


Connolly faced a progressive primary challenger, Zainab Mohsini, ahead of the general election, his first primary challenger. Connolly won the Democratic primary against Mohsini. Connolly defeated Republican Manga Anantatmula in the 2020 election.[73]

Electoral history

Fairfax County Board of Supervisors: Results 1995—2007
1995-SpecialGerald ConnollyDemocratic4,47859.0Jeannemarie Devolites DavisRepublican3,10440.9
1995Gerald ConnollyDemocratic10,57855.8Jeannemarie Devolites DavisRepublican8,37144.1
1999Gerald ConnollyDemocratic14,309100.0Unopposed
2003Gerald ConnollyDemocratic98,41953.1Mychele B. BricknerRepublican81,31943.9Other5,4652.9
2007Gerald ConnollyDemocratic113,83059.5Gary H. BaiseRepublican68,40335.8Gail ParkerIndependent Green8,9904.7
Virginia’s 11th congressional district: Results 2008—2022
2008Gerald ConnollyDemocratic196,59854.7Keith FimianRepublican154,75843.0Joseph P. OddoIndependent Green7,2712.0
2010Gerald ConnollyDemocratic111,72049.2Keith FimianRepublican110,73948.8Others4,4922.0
2012Gerald ConnollyDemocratic202,60661.0Christopher PerkinsRepublican117,90235.5Others11,7353.5
2014Gerald ConnollyDemocratic106,78056.9Suzanne ScholteRepublican75,79640.4Others5,2292.8
2016Gerald ConnollyDemocratic247,81887.9UnopposedOthers34,18512.1
2018Gerald ConnollyDemocratic219,19171.1Jeff DoveRepublican83,02326.9Others6,0522.0
2020Gerald ConnollyDemocratic280,72571.4Manga AnantatmulaRepublican111,38028.3Others1,1360.3
2022Gerald ConnollyDemocratic193,19066.7Jim MylesRepublican95,63433.0Others8520.3
Connolly and his daughter Caitlin during 2015 Fairfax City 4th of July parade

Personal life

Connolly and his wife Cathy have lived in Mantua since 1979.[citation needed]

Connolly is also a company member of The Providence Players of Fairfax, a community theatre in Fairfax County, having acted in several of their shows.[74]

Legal issues

In 2004, Connolly was charged with “a misdemeanor count of hit and run” after causing an estimated $500 worth of property damage to a 2003 Ford Explorer and Connolly’s 2003 Toyota Camry.[75] Connolly claims he did not realize a collision took place when he swerved and then immediately stalled, forcing the Explorer to collide into Connolly’s left front wheel.[75] The Fairfax County Police Department was criticized for giving Connolly special treatment and potentially saving him from being forced to resign for a felony instead of a misdemeanor charge.[75] Judge Craig Johnston later dismissed the misdemeanor charge against Connolly, saying Connolly’s “position and his duties have caused him to be oblivious to what is going on in his car”.[76] David Freddoso criticized the judge’s ruling in the Washington Examiner.[77]

2023 attack

On May 15, 2023, two of Connolly’s staffers were injured with a baseball bat when a man walked into his Fairfax, Virginia, office and attacked them. The U.S. Capitol Police identified the man as 49-year-old Xuan Kha Tran Pham, of Fairfax. Connolly was not in the office at the time of the attack.[78] Pham was also charged with a racial hate crime for an incident that had occurred several hours earlier when he smashed a car windshield after asking the occupant if she was white.[79]


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  59. ^ Helping Active Duty Deployed Act of 2009
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  62. ^ Demirjian, Karoun (October 25, 2023). “House Declares Solidarity With Israel in First Legislation Under New Speaker”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 30, 2023.
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  71. ^ Election results[dead link]
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  73. ^ “Democrat Gerry Connolly wins re-election in Virginia’s District 11”. November 3, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
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  76. ^ Lisa Rein (October 27, 2004). “Judge Clears Connolly in Hit-and-Run”. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  77. ^ David Freddoso (October 29, 2010). “DCCC forgets rule about ‘throwing stones’ in VA-11”. Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  78. ^ Moore, Jack (May 15, 2023). “Man with baseball bat attacks 2 staff members in Congressman Gerry Connolly’s Fairfax office”. WTOP. Retrieved May 15, 2023.
  79. ^ Stabley, Matthew (May 15, 2023). “2 Staffers Attacked With Baseball Bat at Rep. Connolly’s Virginia Office”. NBC 4 Washington.

Further reading

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia’s 11th congressional district

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by

President of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly
Succeeded by

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by

United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by